Leo in Chinese astronomy

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The modern constellation Leo lies across one of the quadrants symbolized by the Vermilion Bird of the South (南方朱雀, Nán Fāng Zhū Què), and Three Enclosures (三垣, Sān Yuán), that divide the sky in traditional Chinese uranography.

The name of the western constellation in modern Chinese is 狮子座 (shī zi zuò), which means "the lion constellation".

Stars[edit]

The map of Chinese constellation in constellation Leo area consists of :

Enclosures Enclosure (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Asterisms (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Western star name Chinese star name Romanization Translation
Three Enclosures (三垣) 太微垣 Tài Wēi Yuán Supreme Palace enclosure 太微右垣 Tàiwēiyòuyuán Right Wall
σ Leo[1]
太微右垣二 Tàiwēiyòuyuánèr 2nd star
西上將 Xīshǎngjiāng The First Western General
西太阳門 Xītàiyángmén First gate in the west
ι Leo[1]
太微右垣三 Tàiwēiyòuyuánsān 3rd star
西次將 Xīcìjiāng The Second Western General
中华西門 Zhōnghuáxīmén Middle gate in the west
θ Leo[1]
太微右垣四 Tàiwēiyòuyuánsì 4th star
西次相 Xīcìxiāng The Second Western Minister
西太阴門 Xītàiyīnmén Final gate in the west
δ Leo[1]
太微右垣五 Tàiwēiyòuyuánwu 5th star
西上相 Xīshǎngxiāng The First Western Minister
81 Leo 西次相增二 Xīcìxiāngzēngèr 2nd additional star of The Second Western Minister
73 Leo 西次相增三 Xīcìxiāngzēngsān 3rd additional star of The Second Western Minister
60 Leo 西上相增一 Xīshǎngxiāngzēngyī 1st additional star of The First Western Minister
86 Leo 西上相增二 Xīshǎngxiāngzēngèr 2nd additional star of The First Western Minister
五帝座 Wǔdìzuò Seats of the Five Emperors
β Leo[2]
五帝座一 Wǔdìzuòyī 1st star
五帝座中星 Wǔdìzuòzhōngxīng Center star
黄帝座 Huángdìzuò Seat of King Huang
HD 102660[3] 五帝座二 Wǔdìzuòyèr 2nd star
HD 102103[3] 五帝座三 Wǔdìzuòsān 3rd star
95 Leo 五帝座四 Wǔdìzuòsì 4th star
HD 102910[3] 五帝座五 Wǔdìzuòwu 5th star
90 Leo 五帝座增一 Wǔdìzuòzēngyī 1st additional star
85 Leo 五帝座增二 Wǔdìzuòzēngèr 2nd additional star
88 Leo 五帝座增三 Wǔdìzuòzēngsān 3rd additional star
HD 102103 五帝座增四 Wǔdìzuòzēngsì 4th additional star
太子 Tàizǐ Crown Prince 93 Leo[4] 太子 Tàizǐ (One star of)
從官 Cóngguān Retinue 92 Leo[4]
從官 Cóngguān (One star of)
子西星 Zǐxīxīng Star of Zixi
虎賁 Hǔbēn Emperor’s Bodyguard 72 Leo[4] 虎賁 Hǔbēn (One star of)
明堂 Míngtáng The Hall of Glory
τ Leo[1] 明堂一 Míngtángyī 1st star
υ Leo[1] 明堂二 Míngtángèr 2nd star
87 Leo 明堂三 Míngtángsān 3rd star
89 Leo 明堂增一 Míngtángzēngyī 1st additional star
80 Leo 明堂增二 Míngtángzēngèr 2nd additional star
79 Leo 明堂增三 Míngtángzēngsān 3rd additional star
75 Leo 明堂增四 Míngtángzēngsì 4th additional star
69 Leo 明堂增五 Míngtángzēngwǔ 5th additional star
φ Leo 明堂增六 Míngtángzēngliù 6th additional star
靈台 Língtái Astronomical Observatory
χ Leo[1] 靈台一 Língtáiyī 1st star
59 Leo[4] 靈台二 Língtáièr 2nd star
58 Leo[4] 靈台三 Língtáisān 3rd star
56 Leo 靈台增一 Língtáizēngyī 1st additional star
55 Leo 靈台增三 Língtáizēngsān 3rd additional star
57 Leo 靈台增四 Língtáizēngsì 4th additional star
61 Leo 靈台增五 Língtáizēngwǔ 5th additional star
66 Leo 靈台增六 Língtáizēngliù 6th additional star
62 Leo 靈台增七 Língtáizēngqī 7th additional star
65 Leo 靈台增八 Língtáizēngbā 8th additional star
少微 Shǎowēi Junior Officers
52 LMi[5][3] 少微一 Shǎowēiyī 1st star
54 Leo A 少微二 Shǎowēièr 2nd star
51 Leo 少微四 Shǎowēisì 4th star
67 Leo 少微增六 Shǎowēizēngliù 6th additional star
64 Leo 少微增七 Shǎowēizēngqī 7th additional star
HD 94671 少微增八 Shǎowēizēngbā 8th additional star
54 Leo B 少微增九 Shǎowēizēngjiǔ 9th additional star
長垣 Chángyuán Long Wall
46 Leo 長垣一 Chángyuányī 1st star
52 Leo 長垣二 Chángyuánèr 2nd star
53 Leo[6] 長垣三 Chángyuánsān 3rd star
48 Leo 長垣四 Chángyuánsì 4th star
50 Leo 長垣增一 Chángyuánzēngyī 1st additional star
49 Leo 長垣增二 Chángyuánzēngèr 2nd additional star
37 Leo 長垣增八 Chángyuánzēngbā 8th additional star
38 Leo 長垣增九 Chángyuánzēngjiǔ 9th additional star
Vermilion Bird of the South (南方朱雀) Liǔ Willow 酒旗 Jiǔqí Banner of a Wine Shop
ψ Leo[7] 酒旗一 Jiǔqíyī 1st star
ξ Leo[7] 酒旗二 Jiǔqíèr 2nd star
ω Leo[7] 酒旗三 Jiǔqísān 3rd star
8 Leo 酒旗增一 Jiǔqízēngyī 1st additional star
7 Leo 酒旗增二 Jiǔqízēngèr 2nd additional star
11 Leo 酒旗增三 Jiǔqízēngsān 3rd additional star
6 Leo 酒旗增四 Jiǔqízēngsì 4th additional star
3 Leo 酒旗增五 Jiǔqízēngwǔ 5th additional star
Xīng Star 軒轅 Xuānyuán Xuanyuan
DR Leo[3] 軒轅五 Xuānyuánwu 5th star
15 Leo 軒轅六 Xuānyuánliù 6th star
κ Leo[8] 軒轅七 Xuānyuánqī 7th star
λ Leo[8] 軒轅八 Xuānyuánbā 8th star
ε Leo[8]
軒轅九 Xuānyuánjiǔ 9th star
軒轅第九星 Xuanyuandìjiǔxīng 9th star
μ Leo[8] 軒轅十 Xuānyuánshí 10th star
ζ Leo[8] 軒轅十一 Xuānyuánshíyī 11th star
γ1 Leo and γ2 Leo[8]
軒轅十二 Xuānyuánshíèr 12th star
軒轅第十二星 Xuānyuándìshíèrxīng 12th star
天厕西北星 Tiāncèxīběixīng Star in the northwest of Toilet constellation
η Leo[8]
軒轅十三 Xuānyuánshísān 13th star
軒轅第十三星 Xuānyuándìshísānxīng 13th star
夫人 Fūrén The people
α Leo[8]
軒轅十四 Xuānyuánshísì 14th star
軒轅大星 Xuānyuándàxīng Big star
皇后 Huánghòu The queen
女主 Nǚzhu The lord woman
ο Leo[8]
軒轅十五 Xuānyuánshíwǔ 15th star
軒轅右角星 Xuānyuányòujiǎoxīng Star in the right-side horn
大民 Dàmín The great man
太民 Tàimín The big man
ρ Leo[8]
軒轅十六 Xuānyuánshíliù 16th star
軒轅右角星 Xuānyuányòujiǎoxīng Star in the right top
少民 Shǎomín The less-rank man
31 Leo
軒轅十七 Xuānyuánshíqī 17th star
参宿中心西第一星 Shēnsùzhōngxīnxīdìyīxīng Star in the heart and in the west of Three Stars constellation
HD 80956 軒轅增二十五 Xuānyuánzēngèrshíwǔ 25th additional star
9 Leo 軒轅增二十六 Xuānyuánzēngèrshíliù 26th additional star
13 Leo 軒轅增二十七 Xuānyuánzēngèrshíqī 27th additional star
22 Leo 軒轅增二十八 Xuānyuánzēngèrshíbā 28th additional star
20 Leo 軒轅增二十九 Xuānyuánzēngèrshíjiǔ 29th additional star
35 Leo 軒轅增三十 Xuānyuánzēngsānshí 30th additional star
39 Leo 軒轅增三十一 Xuānyuánzēngsānshíyī 31st additional star
40 Leo 軒轅增三十二 Xuānyuánzēngsānshíèr 32nd additional star
33 Leo 軒轅增三十四 Xuānyuánzēngsānshísì 34th additional star
42 Leo 軒轅增三十五 Xuānyuánzēngsānshíwǔ 35th additional star
37 Leo 軒轅增三十六 Xuānyuánzēngsānshíliù 36th additional star
34 Leo 軒轅增三十七 Xuānyuánzēngsānshíqī 37th additional star
π Leo 軒轅增三十八 Xuānyuánzēngsānshíbā 38th additional star
HD 86369 軒轅增三十八 Xuānyuánzēngsānshíjiǔ 39th additional star
ν Leo 軒轅增四十二 Xuānyuánzēngsìshíèr 42nd additional star
23 Leo 軒轅增四十三 Xuānyuánzēngsìshísān 43rd additional star
18 Leo 軒轅增四十四 Xuānyuánzēngsìshísì 44th additional star
10 Leo 軒轅增四十五 Xuānyuánzēngsìshíwǔ 45th additional star
43 Leo 軒轅增五十五 Xuānyuánzēngwǔshíwǔ 55th additional star
44 Leo 軒轅增五十六 Xuānyuánzēngwǔshíliù 56th additional star
45 Leo 軒轅增五十七 Xuānyuánzēngwǔshíqī 57th additional star
御女 Yùnǚ Maids-In-Waiting 31 Leo 御女 Yùnǚ (One star of)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]