September 26, 1855|
Tulchyn, Podolia Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||August 5, 1941
Moscow, Soviet Union
Lev Grigorievich Deutsch, also known as Leo Deutsch (Russian: Лев Григо́рьевич Дейч) (1855 – 1941) was a Russian revolutionary who was an early member of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and one of the leaders of that organization's Menshevik factions.
Early political activities
Deutsch joined the Zemlya i volya (Land and Liberty), joining the Black Repartition once it split into two factions. supporting a socialist propaganda campaign among workers and peasants. The majority of members, joined Narodnaya Volya (People's Will), the group that favoured terrorism.
Deutsch was arrested in Germany 1884 and extradited for trial by a Russian court for a terrorist offence he had committed in 1876. Found guilty, he was sentenced to 13 years of hard labour in Siberia.
During the 1905 Revolution Deutsch returned to Russia but was arrested and imprisoned. However, on the way to Siberia he escaped and made his way to London, starting a period of foreign exile which lasted until the February 1917 Russian Revolution.
Period of exile
Return to Russia
In 1917, Deutsch returned to Petrograd and joined George Plekhanov in editing Edinstvo (Unity). He also wrote his memoirs and edited a volume of documents associated with the Emancipation of Labour group.
Death and legacy
Deutsch died on August 5, 1941.
- Vladimir F. Wertsman, "Russians," in Dirk Hoerder with Christiane Harzig (eds.), The Immigrant Labor Press in North America, 1840s-1970s: Volume 2: Migrants from Eastern and Southeastern Europe. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1987; pg. 132.
Other sources consulted
- Leopold H. Haimson. The Making of Three Russian Revolutionaries, Cambridge University Press, 1987; p. 472, note 6.
- Spartacus Educational - History on Russian Revolutionaries