Leo Jogiches

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Leo Jogiches
Born (1867-06-17)17 June 1867
Vilnius, Vilna Governorate, Northwestern Krai, Russian Empire
Died 10 March 1919(1919-03-10) (aged 51)
Berlin, Germany
Nationality Russian
Ethnicity Jewish[1]
Occupation Politician
Known for Marxist revolutionary

Leo(n) Jogiches (17 June 1867 – 10 March 1919),[2] also known by his party name of Leon Tyszka (Tyska, Tyshko, Tyshka) was a Marxist revolutionary active in Lithuania, Poland, and Germany.


Jogiches was a contemporary in Vilnius, his birthplace, of Felix Dzerzhinsky and Arkadi Kemer. Little is known of Jogiches' early years. He joined a revolutionary circle and became a leader by 1885 before getting arrested in 1888 and 1889.[2] In 1893 he helped form the Social Democratic Party of the Kingdom of Poland (SDKP, later SDKPiL) along with Rosa Luxemburg. Jogiches and Luxemburg fell in love with each other, a love that lasted their whole lives despite the difficulties.[3] The work of the two cannot be separated in the least, although a clear division of labour is observable, with Jogiches the organiser and Luxemburg the theorist.

Jogiches was a founding member of the Spartacus League, a revolutionary left-wing organization of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, formed at the beginning of World War I by Karl Liebknecht, Luxemburg, Franz Mehring and others. On 1 January 1919 the League became the Communist Party of Germany.

The Spartacus League led the German communist revolution of 1918/1919, which failed, after which Luxemburg and Liebknecht were murdered by government troops. Jogiches was murdered in Berlin while trying to investigate the assassination of Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Feliks Tych. "Luxemburg, Rosa". YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Retrieved 2014-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich (1982). "Jogiches, Leo". Great Soviet Encyclopedia. New York, New York: Macmillan Educational Company. LCCN 73010680. 
  3. ^ Luxemburg, Rosa; Jogiches, Leo (1979). Comrade and Lover: Rosa Luxemburg's Letters to Leo Jogiches. Ettinger, Elżbieta (trans.). Pluto press. ISBN 0861043472. 

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