Leocereus

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Leocereus bahiensis
Leocereus bahiensis 2.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Trichocereeae
Genus: Leocereus
Britton & Rose
Species: L. bahiensis
Binomial name
Leocereus bahiensis
Britton & Rose
Synonyms

Cereus bahiensis Britton & Rose
Leocereus bahiensis ssp. barreirensis (Braun & Esteves) Braun & Esteves
Leocereus bahiensis ssp. exiguospinus (Braun & Esteves) Braun & Esteves
Leocereus bahiensis ssp. robustispinus (Braun & Esteves) Braun & Esteves
Leocereus bahiensis ssp. urandianus F.Ritter
Leocereus estevesii P.J.Braun
Leocereus urandianus F.Ritter
Lophocereus bahiensis Orcutt

Leocereus bahiensis is a species of cactus and the only species of the genus Leocereus.

Distribution[edit]

The cactus is endemic to Brazil, within Bahia state. It is found growing in the campos rupestres (rocky fields) montane savanna ecoregion of the Atlantic Forest biome.

It grows in rocky shady places such as in shrubs or near cliffs and rocks.

Description[edit]

Leocereus bahiensis has stems that are long, thing and almost terete. A full adult plant can grow up to 2 meters in length and about 1.5 cm in diameter.

They tend to grow like vines, they do not have wool or hairs but the do have needle like spines (about 4cm long, yellowish brown in color) and felt. In Bahia it is called the "tail of the fox" due to its long thing bristle like composition.

The flower is white and narrow and within it are hair bristle spines.

The areoles are close together and circular. The Leocereus bahiensis has fruit 10 to 12 mm with seeds about 1.5 mm long.[1]

Conservation

Leocereus bahiensis are being affected by habitat loss due to range being widespread. The eastern range of the plant generally ends up in an area that is not ideal for agricultural growth. The major threat to habitat loss that happens within numerous national parks (Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina, Parque Estadual de Morro Chapeu, Parque Nacional Boqueirão da Onça and Parque Nacional do Rio Parnaiba.) is due to industrialization. The industrial agriculture of soy, Eucalyptus and cotton in the western are of its range are most affected.[2]


Uses[edit]

This plant is one of the few cacti that contain caffeine and mescaline. Mescaline is a psychedelic drug that is produced by some cacti and also called peyote. Leocereus bahiensis was not confirmed part of the Leocereus genus until April 18, 2012[3]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Carnegie Science". 
  2. ^ "Leocereus bahiensis". www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved 2016-04-27. 
  3. ^ "Leocereus — The Plant List". www.theplantlist.org. Retrieved 2016-04-27.