Born in Aquasco, Maryland, Covington joined the Army as a Cornet in March 1792. He was promoted to Captain in 1794, and served in the Northwest Indian War under Anthony Wayne, where he distinguished himself at Fort Recovery and the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
He resigned in 1795, but returned to the Army as Colonel of light dragoons in 1809. He served in the War of 1812, being promoted to Brigadier General in August 1813. Covington was mortally wounded in the Battle of Crysler's Farm and died three days later at French's Mills, New York.
At the time of his death, Brig. Gen. Covington and his family were residents of Washington, Mississippi, in a home named Propinquity, built in 1810 near the large military installation, Fort Dearborn, where Covington commanded the Regiment of Light Dragoons. During this period, the town of Washington was the capital of the Mississippi Territory. Mrs. Leonard Covington was the former Rebecca Mackall, his first cousin and a relative of the family of General James Wilkinson.
Places named after Covington
- Covington, Georgia
- Covington, Kentucky
- Covington, Louisiana
- Covington, New York
- Covington, Ohio
- Covington, Pennsylvania
- Covington, Tennessee
- Covington, Virginia
- Covington County, Alabama
- Covington County, Mississippi
- Fort Covington, New York
- Covington Theological Seminary in Rossville, Georgia.
- Kempe, Helen Kerr. The Pelican Guide to Old Homes of Mississippi: Vol. 1, Natchez and the South. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing, 1989, p. 75.
- Mackall family descendancy chart showing Covington and Wilkinson kin; accessed 09 December 2014.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 94.
- Leeper, Clare D'Artois (2012). Louisiana Place Names: Popular, Unusual, and Forgotten Stories of Towns, Cities, Plantations, Bayous, and Even Some Cemeteries. LSU Press. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-8071-4740-5.
- Leonard Covington at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Leonard Covington at Find a Grave
- "Brigadier-General Leonard Covington, U.S. Army (1768-1813)". The War of 1812 Magazine. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- Wailes, Benjamin Leonard Covington (1861). Memoir of Leonard Covington (PDF). Maryland State Archives Special Collections. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
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