Leonard Retel Helmrich
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (August 2012)|
|Leonard Retel Helmrich|
After winning the IDFA Award (2010)
|Born||Leonard Retel Helmrich
August 16, 1959
|Occupation||Director, Writer, Documentary Maker, Director of Photography|
|Years active||1986 – now|
|Awards||Amsterdam 2004 Sundance 2005 for Shape of the Moon
Amsterdam 2010 Best Documentary for Position Among the Stars
Sundance 2011 for Position among the Stars
Leonard Retel Helmrich is a Dutch cinematographer and film director of Indo descent. He was born the 16th of August 1959 in Tilburg, Netherlands and has lived in Amsterdam since 1982. He received highest honours for international documentaries at the Sundance Festival and was the first two-time International Documentary winner at the International Documentary Filmfestival Amsterdam (IDFA).
Helmrich is famous for perfecting the 'Single Camera Shot' filming style and his related technical camera innovations. "...you can move inside an event and go with your camera to the right spot, at the right moment,... That’s what the whole single-shot cinema is about: trying to think of the world as a kind of clockwork, a machinery, with everything interrelated. The bigger and smaller things are just as important. In a clockworks you can’t pull out a little gear because the whole thing jams. The solution is to become one of the clockworks.", Leonard Retel Helmrich.
After Indonesian independence the Helmrich family repatriated to the Netherlands during the Indo diaspora. His father, Jean Retel Helmrich, was born to a wealthy totok family in Semarang, Dutch East Indies, fought against the Japanese invaders during World War II and was interred as a POW for three years. After the war he married a Javanese woman. “It was forbidden,” Mr. Helmrich’s sister and producer, Hetty Naaijkens-Retel Helmrich, explained. “They had to get permission from the queen, from the Indonesian government, the Dutch government, the Muslim church, and the Catholic Church. It was Romeo and Juliet.” Growing up, the filmmaker “had a lot of problems because of his dyslexia,” she said. “The teachers were always complaining that he was living in his own world, but already when he was a little boy he made very good drawings.” The family’s belief in him extended to financing “Eye of the Day” and getting involved in other ways. Ms. Naaijkens-Retel Helmrich’s production company, Scarabee, produces Mr. Helmrich’s films; her son, Jasper Naaijkens, is his uncle’s editor — which cannot be any easy job, considering Mr. Helmrich can come up with hourlong shots.
Leonard Retel Helmrich graduated from the Dutch Film and Television Academy in 1986 and in 1990 he made his first feature film, The Phoenix Mystery. His first documentary, Moving Objects (1991) was awarded the Special Jury Price for the Best Artist-Profile at the International Golden Gate Film Festival of San Francisco. Retel Helmrich developed his own cinematic style based on a principle which he has developed and calls "Single Shot Cinema". After finishing the film Moving Objects, he decided to travel to Indonesia where his parents were born, with the idea to show people around the world what was happening in this beautiful and very complicated country. He discovered that the authority of President Suharto was declining. In 1995 he made a film about Suharto and his wife in their Jakartan palace. He then went to Solo in central Java to film a demonstration against the Suharto regime. During his activities he was arrested by the police and accused of being a Western spy. With the help of the Dutch Embassy and his brother Anton, who happened to be in Indonesia, he was released after a few days. However, he was expelled from the country with the status "persona non grata" meaning he would no longer be allowed to visit Indonesia. Leonard Retel Helmrich traveled to Kansas City, Missouri to work with the Institute of Art in developing the principles of Single Shot Cinema. In 1997 his brother succeeded to convince the Indonesian government to change his "persona non grata" status and Leonard Retel Helmrich was allowed to return to finish his work. Unfortunately a lot of material had been destroyed or was unusable. He decided to change his strategy. Many journalists were reporting the fall of Suharto and Retel Helmrich wanted to focus on the micro-aspects of the changes by following an Indonesian family in one of Jakarta's slums. All the changes in politics, religion, islamization, poverty, social injustice, globalization, criminality, corruption, etc. affected every Indonesian in his daily life. Thus he came up with the idea to film a triptych about the struggle for survival of a family in those trying days in Indonesia. In 2001 he finished Eye of the Day (Stand van de Zon) and in 2004 he made Shape of the Moon (Stand van de Maan) which became a worldwide success.
Since then Retel Helmrich’s films have screened and won acclaim at film festivals worldwide, garnering major awards for both his drama and documentary work. His awards include the inaugural Grand World Documentary Award at Sundance 2005 and the prestigious Joris Ivens Award at IDFA Amsterdam 2004 for his Indonesian feature documentary Shape of the Moon (Stand van de Maan). In 2010 he won for the second time the Grand VPRO/IDFA Award for feature documentary for Position Among the Stars (Stand van de Sterren) together with the IDFA Award for the best Dutch documentary. It was the first time in the IDFA history that a director won this award for the second time. In January 2011 he won again the World Documentary Award at Sundance for Position among the Stars.
Leonard Retel Helmrich has served on the jury of many film festivals, including festivals in Shanghai, Warsaw, Seoul, Sibiu (Romania) and Amsterdam. He has had major retrospectives of his work at Visions du Réel in Nyon, Switzerland, Rencontres Internationales du Documentaire in Montreal and at ASTRA in Sibiu, Romania. He has also lectured and screened his films at numerous educational institutions including the Flaherty Seminar Program in New York and at Harvard University where he was awarded a Fellowship at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies. Leonard shoots as well as directs all his own films and is best known for a philosophy and approach he calls ‘Single Shot Cinema’, which involves long takes with a hand-held but smooth camera moving close to the subject. Above all, in his films, it is the framing and movement of the camera that captures and leads the emotions of the audience. He has taught over 20 workshops on Single Shot Cinema techniques for film festivals, television broadcasters, independent filmmakers, film schools and universities in Europe, Asia, North America, Australia and in Africa. During his Harvard fellowship, he was editing his latest film Position Among the Stars, the third film of his trilogy on contemporary Indonesia. He is currently writing a book about “Single Shot Cinema”.
Single Shot Cinema
Single Shot Cinema is a way of filming that enables one to shoot a scene in one single take using just one camera moving fluidly around the subject recording all the camera angles that express one's personal feeling and perception of that moment. The camera moves steadily and fluidly while constantly changing angles. The idea is to use fast and slow, high and low, close and far camera movements in a single shot within a scene. In this way, the camera movement itself becomes the primary cinematic expression.
"In “Shape of the Moon” (2004) a barefoot man crosses a railroad trestle a thousand feet above an Indonesian valley, stepping briskly along a beam barely wider than his feet. We see him from behind. We see him from above. Most alarming, we see him from the side, by means of a camera that seems mounted in midair. It’s breathtaking, what the subject is doing. But a man with a camera is doing it too." John Anderson, The New York Times.
He was inspired by the French film critic André Bazin whose ideas helped create the Nouvelle Vague films of Jean-Luc Godard and François Truffaut. According to Bazin, a moving camera is the essence of documentary filmmaking: “It should not cut up reality, but rather it should show reality in its temporal continuity.” Single Shot Cinema in documentary means catching real life moments while they are happening in one continuous shot with a camera that is moving around the subject. As a result, shots are not edited from one still moment to the next, but rather from one camera movement to the next. In practice this means that the camera movement must have a dramatic purpose. Ideally all footage shot should be usable for editing. In order to accomplish this, the filmmaker should always keep the center of attention within the camera frame. Discussing post-war Italian Neorealism, especially Rossellini's film Paisa, Andre Bazin coined the term "cinematic tact". This was something personal and dynamic which, by virtue of its dynamism, can be compared to the movement of a hand sketching: leaving a space here, filling in there, here sketching around the subject and thereby bringing it into relief. Bazin goes on to say that the camera must be equally prepared to move as to remain still. He describes camera movement in Italian Neorealism as having a human quality, as a projection of the hand and the eye, almost like a living part of the operator flowing directly from his awareness.
“His camera glides through spaces in a way that just seems impossible... Sometimes you stop looking at the movie and look at the shot. But I think it’s delightful." Robb Moss, film lecturer at Harvard.
- 1986 "De Drenkeling" (The Drowning Man, Dutch Film- en Television Academy)
- 1988 "Dag mijn klas, ik mis jullie allemaal" (Documentary for NOS television)
- 1990 "The Phoenix Mystery" (feature fiction film with Luc Boyer, Liz Snoyink en Manouk van der Meulen)
- 1991 "Moving Objects" (documentary about performing art) produced by Scarabeefilms
- 1994 "Jemand auf der Treppe" (single shot cinema report about Orkater during the performance) produced by Scarabeefilms
- 1995 "Art Non-Blok" (Contemporary Art of the non-aligned countries AN-television Indonesia)
- 1996 "Closed Circuit" (Art Performance of the Kansas City Art Institute)
- 1999 "Als een vloedlijn" (documentary about Feike Boschma, performing artist) produced by Scarabeefilms
- 2000 "The body of Indonesia's conscience" (documentary for Indonesian conference)
- 2001 "De Stand van de Zon" (Eye of the Day) produced by Scarabeefilms
- 2003 "Vlucht uit de Hemel" (Flight from Heaven, documentary for VPRO television) produced by Scarabeefilms
- 2004 "Stand van de Maan" (Shape of the Moon) produced by Scarabeefilms
- 2006 "Aladi" (documentary for Surinam television i.c.w. Pim de la Parra)
- 2006 "Promised Paradise" (documentary for VPRO television) produced by Scarabeefilms
- 2006 "In My Fathers Country" (Australian documentary by Tom Murray in which Retel Helmrich was the Director of Photography)
- 2007 "Beautiful Crazy" (Taiwanese fiction film by Chi Yuen Lee in which Retel Helmrich was the Director of Photography)
- 2009 "Contract Pensions: Djangan Loepah” (documentary from Hetty Naaijkens-Retel Helmrich in which Leonard Retel Helmrich was the Director of Photography) produced by Scarabeefilms
- 2009 "The Burning Season" (Australian documentary by Cathy Henkel in which Retel Helmrich was the Director of Photography)
- 2009 "Nuclear Underground in New Mexico USA" (documentary by Peter Galison and Rob Moss in which Leonard Retel Helmrich was the Director of Photography)
- 2010 "Stand van de Sterren" (Position Among the Stars) produced by Scarabeefilms
- 1990 Award: Special jury award Best Artist-Profile of the International Golden Gate film festival of San Francisco 1992 for Moving Objects
- 1994 Award: Nomination New Media Award Top Television München for Jemand auf der Treppe
- 2001 Awards Eye of the Day (Stand van de Zon)
- Audience Award Visions du Réel Nyon 2002
- Award Prix SRG SSR Idée Suisse 2002
- Grand Prix of the Jury Maremma Doc Festival Pal Mares 2002
- Audience Award 7th International Film Festival Split 2002
- Gouden Beeld (Golden Image) for best TV-documentary 2003
- 2003 Award: Nomination Gouden Kalf (Golden Calf) for best documentary 2004 for Flight from Heaven
- 2004 Awards 'Shape of the Moon (Stand van de Maan)
- Opening film IDFA, Amsterdam 2004
- Grand Joris Ivens Award IDFA, Amsterdam 2004
- Grand World Documentary Award Sundance Film festival 2005, USA
- Best Cinematography Award International Documentary Film festival Chicago 2005, USA
- Opening film International Film Festival Bermuda 2005
- Grand Jury Award Full Frame USA
- Crystal Film Award the Netherlands
- Asja.biz Prize – Best Documentary 2005 Cinemambiente Environmental Film Festival Turin, Italy
- Audience Award Rencontres Documentary Film festival Montréal 2005, Canada'
- 2006 Award: Grand Golden Dhow Best Documentary award at the Zanzibar International Film festival 2006 for Promised Paradise
- 2010 Awards Position Among the Stars (Stand van de Sterren)
- Opening film IDFA, Amsterdam 2010
- Grand VPRO/IDFA Award, Amsterdam 2010
- Award Best Dutch Documentary, Amsterdam 2010
- Award Sundance Special Jury Award 2011
- Grand Big Stamp Award ZagrebDocs Croatia
Notes & citations
- "Leonard Retel Helmrich's Documentaries Capture Closed Spaces - NYTimes.com". The New York Times. September 9, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
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- http://hcl.harvard.edu/hfa/films/2008marchapril/helmrich.html Harvard Film Archive