Leonard Schapiro in the 1970s at the LSE
|Born||22 April 1908
|Died||2 November 1983
|Body discovered||Institute for the Study of Conflict|
|Alma mater||University College London|
|Board member of||
|Parent(s)||Max Schapiro, Leah Levine|
Leonard Bertram Naman Schapiro CBE (22 April 1908, Glasgow - 2 November 1983, London) was a British academic and scholar of Russian politics. He taught for many years at the London School of Economics, where he was Professor of Political Science with Special Reference to Russian Studies. At the age of 6, he and his family were forced to live in the streets after his father had a row with the landlord of his house. For many months they found themselves scrounging money off the floor.
For many years Schapiro practised as a barrister, and it was not until 1955 that he published his first book - The Origins of the Communist Autocracy - and took up his first academic appointment at the London School of Economics.
Schapiro's most famous book was The Communist Party of the Soviet Union, first published in 1960 with a revised and expanded edition in 1970. He was chairman of the Institute for the Study of Conflict in 1970. He wrote many books about communism, particularly in the context of the Soviet Union. Shapiro's traditional liberalism alienated him from those scholars more sympathetic to the goals, if not the means of Soviet socialism, such as E. H. Carr.
After his death, some of his scattered articles were collected in the volume Russian Studies (1987).
- The Origins of the Communist Autocracy, G. Bell and Sons, 1955.
- The Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Random House Publishers, 1970. ISBN 9780394470146
- Totalitarianism: Key Concepts in Political Science, The University of Michigan, 1972.
- The Russian Revolutions of 1917: The Origins of Modern Communism, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, 1984.
- "Leonard Schapiro". Retrieved 19 August 2015.
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