Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport

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Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"

Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
Aeroporti di Roma Logo.svg
Rom Fiumicino 2011-by-RaBoe-02.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerAtlantia
OperatorAeroporti di Roma
ServesRome metropolitan area / Vatican City
LocationFiumicino, Lazio, Italy
Opened
  • 20 August 1960; 61 years ago (1960-08-20) (operational)
  • 15 January 1961; 61 years ago (1961-01-15) (official)
Hub forITA Airways
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL15 ft / 5 m
Coordinates41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Websiteadr.it
Map
Click on the map to see marker
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
Statistics (2021)
Passengers11.662.842
Passenger change 20–21Increase 18.6%
Aircraft movement113.972
Movements change 20–21Increase 10.1%
Cargo (tons)101,325
Cargo change 20–21Increase 32.9%
Source:[1]

Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"; IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF) is an international airport in Fiumicino, Italy, serving Rome. It is the busiest airport in the country, and in 2019, it ranked as the eleventh-busiest airport in Europe by passenger traffic with over 43.5 million passengers served.

The airport served as the main hub for Alitalia, the then flag carrier and largest Italian airline, which terminated operations on 15 October 2021. It currently serves as a hub for Vueling, a Spanish low-cost carrier owned by International Airlines Group and is now the main international hub for Alitalia's successor ITA Airways, which replaced Alitalia on 15 October 2021.[2] Based on total passenger numbers, Fiumicino was the world's 49th-busiest airport in 2018. It covers an area of 16 square kilometres (6.2 sq mi).[3]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

During construction the remains of Caligula's Giant Ship were found.

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low-cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[4]

During the 1960s, home-carrier Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later development[edit]

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A..[citation needed] Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.[citation needed]

Since 2005, the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Three runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft), and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds. The airport used to have a fourth runway, 16C/34C which was located alongside 16L/34R, it was mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R; the runway is now designated as Taxiway "D".[5]

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; construction of Pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to handle the expected growth from 38 million passengers per year in 2014 to 55 million by 2018; and the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built in the future handling 100 million passengers per year.[citation needed]

Terminals[edit]

Overview[edit]

As of 2021, after major expansion and refurbishment works, the airport now features two reorganised passenger terminals, one of which is currently operational.[6]

  • Terminal 1 (Gates A1–A59)[6] has been closed for renovations with many gates currently unused, its main pier is currently being expanded with a second one next to it.
  • Terminal 3 (Gates E1–E52)[6] is the largest terminal which serves as the home base for ITA Airways amongst several other airlines. It also incorporates the former Terminal 5 as well as the satellite building for non-Schengen departures. A new central airside hall has been built as its middle part in recent years.

Development[edit]

The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[7][unreliable source?] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened, followed in 1995 by the international Pier B with 10 gates and in 1999 by the international Satellite C with 14 gates. In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized.

The dedicated Cargo City terminal was added in 2004, while the check-in counters for American carriers and El Al in Terminal 5 opened in 2008, with passengers then being bused to what was then called Satellite C. In 2009, the terminals were renamed – A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3, and T5 stayed the same.

In January 2017, Terminal 5 was closed for renovations; a new central airside hall is currently being built in the middle section.

The former Terminal 2 closed permanently on 15 December 2017 to make way for the north-west expansion of Terminal 1. A new three-storey boarding and waiting area, as well as a new Pier A with 13 boarding and 10 remote gates, are currently being constructed alongside Terminal 1, to open in Summer 2022.[8][9]

From 17 March 2020 to 6 August 2021, Terminal 1 has been closed due to decreased passenger traffic amidst the Covid-19 pandemic;[10] this pause was used to perform a redesign of the main hall layout, which increased the available passenger space.[8]

Future plans include a new Terminal 4, expansion of runways, and new buildings for car parking, services, and airport facilities.[11]

SkyBridge[edit]

An automated people mover (APM) called SkyBridge opened in 1999 along with the Satellite C. It consists of two stations, one in the third floor of Terminal 3, and the other in the second floor of gate area E31–44. This shuttle train is the only means of transport for passengers between the two parts of the terminal. The westbound service, from T3 to Gates E31–44, is for departing passengers only, while the eastbound service is for arriving passengers only. Arriving passengers are not permitted to take the train back, as they need to pass through a transfer security checkpoint to reenter the departure area. Likewise, departing passengers are not permitted to take the train back to Terminal 3.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Fiumicino:[12]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki (begins 2 July 2022) [13]
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza (resumes 2 June 2022)
Air Albania Tirana
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Cairo Sharm El Sheikh [14]
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air Corsica Seasonal: Ajaccio[15]
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson [16][17]
airBaltic Riga
AlbaStar Trapani
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, New York–JFK, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen [18]
Arkia Tel Aviv [19]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Iași [20]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Boston, Detroit
easyJet Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bristol, Geneva, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Manchester, Nantes, Nice, Paris–Orly
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International [21]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa [22]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [23]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart [24]
Finnair Helsinki
Flyr Oslo [25]
Gulf Air Bahrain (begins 1 June 2022)[26]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik–Keflavík (begins 6 July 2022)
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv
ITA Airways Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza (begins 1 June 2022), Cagliari, Cairo, Catania, Florence (begins 1 June 2022), Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Lamezia Terme, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles (begins 1 June 2022), Madrid, Malta, Miami, Milan–Linate, Munich, Naples, New York–JFK, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Reggio Calabria, São Paulo–Guarulhos (begins 1 June 2022), Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo–Haneda (begins 1 August 2022), Tunis, Turin, Venice, Verona, Zürich
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 3 August 2022), Dubrovnik (begins 1 August 2022),[27] Heraklion (begins 2 August 2022), Kefalonia (begins 1 August 2022), Pantelleria (begins 1 August 2022)[28], Rhodes (begins 3 August 2022), Split (begins 1 August 2022)[27]
[29][30]
Jet2.com Birmingham, Manchester
Seasonal: Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
[31]
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos (begins 9 July 2022)
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Gdańsk, Kraków, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Neos Boa Vista, Cancún, Malé, Marsa Alam, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos (resumes 24 June 2022)[32] La Romana, Menorca, Mombasa, Mykonos, Nosy Be, Rhodes, Salalah, Zanzibar
[33]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qantas Seasonal: Perth, Sydney (both begin 22 June 2022) [34]
Qatar Airways Doha [35]
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Agadir, Amman, Athens (ends 29 October 2022), Barcelona, Bari, Berlin, Billund, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Comiso, Cuneo, East Midlands, Eindhoven, Fez, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Liverpool, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Palermo, Prague, Rabat, Santander, Tangier, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Trapani, Valencia, Zagreb
Seasonal: Alicante, Chania, Corfu, Figari (begins 1 June 2022),[36] Girona, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lanzarote, Menorca, Preveza, Santorini, Stockholm–Arlanda, Toulouse, Vienna, Zadar, Zakynthos
[37]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Aarhus, Copenhagen
Seasonal: Oslo
Singapore Airlines Copenhagen (ends 1 June 2022), Singapore [38]
Sky Express Athens [39]
Smartwings Prague
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Transavia Nantes, Rotterdam/The Hague
Seasonal: Montpellier
Tunisair Tunis
Tunisair Express Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Ukraine International Airlines Kyiv–Boryspil
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Washington–Dulles
Volotea Athens, Alghero, Cagliari, Nantes, Olbia, Strasbourg (begins 27 May 2022)[40] [41]
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Paris–Orly, Seville, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Valencia
Seasonal: Corfu, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Zadar, Zakynthos
[42]
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary [43]
Wizz Air Alexandria, Amman–Queen Alia, Bacău, Basel/Mulhouse (begins 26 September 2022), Bucharest, Budapest, Casablanca, Catania, Cluj-Napoca, Constanța, Corfu, Craiova, Dortmund (begins 5 September 2022),[44] Eindhoven, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Iași, Katowice, Kraków, Kutaisi, Lanzarote, Larnaca, London–Gatwick, Lyon (begins 27 September 2022),[45] Madrid (begins 26 September 2022),[45] Nice, Podgorica (begins 2 June 2022), Prague, Pristina, Reykjavik, Satu Mare (resumes 6 September 2022), Sharm El Sheikh, Sofia, Suceava, Tallinn, Târgu Mureș (resumes 7 September 2022), Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Timișoara, Tirana, Turku (begins 26 September 2022),[45] Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan (begins 5 September 2022)[45]
Seasonal: Corfu, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza (begins 1 June 2022),[45] Kefalonia (begins 4 June 2022),[46] Kos (begins 6 June 2022),[44] Lampedusa, Marrakesh, Menorca (begins 2 June 2022),[45] Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca (begins 1 June 2022),[45] Preveza (begins 2 June 2022),[45] Rhodes (begins 4 June 2022),[45] Santorini, Skiathos (begins 9 July 2022),[47] Skopje, Split, Zakynthos
[44][48]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Amazon Air London–Southend[49]

Statistics[edit]

Graph[edit]


Annual passenger traffic on the two Rome airports. See source Wikidata query.

Busiest domestic routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[50]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers % Change
from 2019
Airline(s)
1 Steady

Sicily Catania, Sicily

650,320 Decrease64.4

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

2 Steady

Sicily Palermo, Sicily

550,707 Decrease65.2

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

3 Steady

Sardinia Cagliari, Sardinia

364,345 Decrease59.7

Alitalia

4 Steady

Lombardy Milan-Linate, Lombardy

246,631 Decrease68.0

Alitalia

5 Steady

Apulia Bari, Apulia

204,377 Decrease72.2

Alitalia, Ryanair

6 Steady

Apulia Brindisi, Apulia

149,261 Decrease71.5

Alitalia, Ryanair

7 Steady

Piedmont Turin, Piedmont

145,991 Decrease69.2

Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines

8 Increase2

Lombardy Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy

143,153 Decrease66.1

Air Italy, Alitalia

9 Increase4

Sardinia Olbia, Sardinia

143,027 Decrease53.9

Air Italy, Volotea

10 Decrease1

Calabria Lamezia Terme, Calabria

136,170 Decrease68.5

Alitalia

11 Increase1

Sardinia Alghero, Sardinia

131,701 Decrease58.7

Volotea

12 Decrease4

Veneto Venice, Veneto

125,943 Decrease71.8

Alitalia

13 Decrease2

Liguria Genoa, Liguria

104,651 Decrease69.6

Alitalia

14 Increase1

Emilia-Romagna Bologna, Emilia-Romagna

100,387 Decrease65.2

Alitalia

15 Decrease1

Campania Naples, Campania

72,544 Decrease76.5

Alitalia

16 Increase2

Calabria Reggio Calabria, Calabria

66,393 Decrease67.5

Alitalia

17 Decrease1

Friuli Venezia Giulia Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia

57,809 Decrease78.3

Alitalia

18 Increase1

Veneto Verona, Veneto

46,135 Decrease77.0

Alitalia

19 Decrease2

Tuscany Florence, Tuscany

45,142 Decrease83.0

Alitalia

Busiest European routes[edit]

Busiest European Routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[50]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers % Change
from 2019
Airline(s)
1 Increase1

France Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France

343,498 Decrease73.8

Alitalia, Air France, Vueling

2 Increase3

United Kingdom London–Heathrow, United Kingdom

304,734 Decrease67.2

Alitalia, British Airways

3 Increase1

Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands

291,981 Decrease72.1

Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling

4 Decrease1

Spain Madrid, Spain

285,846 Decrease77.4

Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling

5 Decrease4

Spain Barcelona, Spain

280,903 Decrease79.8

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

6 Increase4

Germany Frankfurt am Main, Germany

199,163 Decrease71.2

Alitalia, Lufthansa

7 Increase1

Belgium Brussels, Belgium

195,735 Decrease72.8

Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair

8 Increase1

Germany Munich, Germany

185,466 Decrease74.2

Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling

9 Decrease2

France Paris–Orly, France

160,911 Decrease77.9

easyJet, Vueling

10 Decrease4

United Kingdom London–Gatwick, United Kingdom

159,087 Decrease78.5

British Airways, easyJet, Vueling

11 Increase2

Austria Vienna, Austria

133,189 Decrease76.0

Eurowings, Laudamotion, Vueling, Wizz Air

12 Decrease1

Greece Athens, Greece

122,705 Decrease79.4

Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, Ryanair, Sky Express

13 Increase2

Switzerland Zurich, Switzerland

117,235 Decrease71.1

Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines

14 Steady

Portugal Lisbon, Portugal

107,604 Decrease76.6

TAP Portugal

15 Increase2

Turkey Istanbul, Turkey

99,012 Decrease73.8

Turkish Airlines

16 Increase2

Albania Tirana, Albania

95,996 Decrease71.5

Alitalia, Air Albania

17 Decrease1

Malta Luqa, Malta

93,910 Decrease76.1

Air Malta, Alitalia, Ryanair

18 Increase1

Switzerland Geneva, Switzerland

92,994 Decrease71.8

Alitalia, easyJet

19 Decrease7

Russia Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Russia

91,833 Decrease83.5

Aeroflot, Alitalia

20 Increase1

France Nice, France

62,181 Decrease79.6

Alitalia, easyJet

Busiest intercontinental routes[edit]

Busiest intercontinental routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[50]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers % Change
from 2019
Airline(s)
1 Increase1

United States New York–JFK, United States

134,482 Decrease83.0

Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines

2 Increase4

Qatar Doha, Qatar

126,289 Decrease69.6

Qatar Airways

3 Steady

United Arab Emirates Dubai-International, United Arab Emirates

106,347 Decrease81.6

Emirates

4 Decrease3

Israel Tel Aviv, Israel

104,617 Decrease87.1

Alitalia, El Al, Vueling, Ryanair

5 Increase6

Egypt Cairo, Egypt

83,948 Decrease70.5

Alitalia, EgyptAir

6 Decrease2

Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos, Brazil

403,276 Decrease83.5

Alitalia, LATAM Brasil

7 Increase5

Tunisia Tunis, Tunisia

69,674 Decrease71.4

Alitalia, Tunisair

8 Steady

Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Argentina

66,385 Decrease81.5

Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia

9 Decrease2

United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

372,266 Decrease82.7

Etihad Airways

10 Increase

India Delhi, India

57,286 Decrease75.3

Air India, Alitalia

11 Decrease6

South Korea Seoul–Incheon, South Korea

52,712 Decrease87.8

Alitalia, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air

12 Increase20

Ethiopia Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

44,553 Decrease62.7

Ethiopian Airlines

13 Increase1

Turkey Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey

35,947 Decrease84.8

Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines

14 Increase10

Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

33,114 Decrease80.3

Alitalia

15 Increase5

Japan Tokyo–Narita, Japan

32,986 Decrease83.3

Alitalia

16 Increase6

Morocco Casablanca, Morocco

30,776 Decrease82.0

Royal Air Maroc

17 Increase9

United States Miami, United States

29,494 Decrease81.8

Alitalia

18 Increase15

Thailand Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Thailand

26,358 Decrease76.4

Thai Airways

19 Increase11

Chile Santiago, Chile

23,489 Decrease80.7

Alitalia

20 Decrease7

United States Atlanta, United States

22,002 Decrease90.9

Delta Air Lines

Ground transportation[edit]

SkyBridge
Overview
StatusOperational
OwnerAeroporti di Roma
LocaleLeonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, Italy
Stations2
Service
TypePeople mover
Services1
Rolling stock2 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 vehicles
History
Opened1999
Technical
Track length0.55 km
CharacterServes sterile parts of the airport

Train[edit]

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However, these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[51] The railway opened in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.[52]

Road[edit]

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane Autostrada A91 motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

  • On 23 November 1964, TWA Flight 800, operated by a Boeing 707, had an engine catch fire during takeoff. 50 of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 17 December 1973, during the 1973 Rome airport attacks and hijacking, a Boeing 707-321B operating as Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) Flight 110 was attacked by Palestinian assailants. 30 passengers were killed when phosphorus bombs were thrown aboard the aircraft as it was preparing for departure.[53] During the same incident a Lufthansa Boeing 737 (D-ABEY)[54] was hijacked and landed at Athens, Damascus and finally in Kuwait. All remaining passengers and crew were then released.[53] Two people died in the incident.[54]
  • In January 1973, a number of extremists planned to attack Prime Minister Golda Meir's plane at Fiumicino airport. They placed Strela missiles inside a number of vehicles at certain locations around the airport, but Italian and Israeli authorities were able to intercept them.[55]
  • On 19 November 1977, an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 707-360C, a cargo flight, crashed after takeoff 0.5 km (0.3 m) W of FCO. The plane barely gained height after takeoff from runway 25, reaching a height of 7–8 meters, contacting treetops, and struck the ground 280 meters further on. All 5 occupants (3 crew, 2 passengers) were killed. Unconfirmed reports indicated the plane was overloaded.[56]
  • On 27 December 1985, during the Rome and Vienna airport attacks, assailants shot and killed 16 people and wounded 99 others at the check-in counter. Most perpetrators were shot by security and police officers.
  • On 17 October 1988, Uganda Airlines Flight 775 from London Gatwick to Entebbe International Airport via Fiumicino, crashed short of the runway after two missed approaches. Twenty-six of the 45 passengers aboard, as well as all 7 crew members, died.
  • On 2 February 2013, Alitalia Flight 1670, operated by a leased ATR 72, en route from Pisa International Airport to Rome, overran the runway during landing. Sixteen occupants were injured, two of them seriously.[57][58][59] The aircraft was subsequently written off.
  • On 8 June 2013, Wizz Air Flight 3141, an Airbus A320-232 (registration HA-LWM) from Bucharest – Henri Coandă Airport, Romania to Rome-Ciampino, Italy, made an emergency landing at Fiumicino Airport when the crew encountered problems lowering one of the main undercarriages and locking it into position. The aircraft diverted to Fiumicino because of the longer runway, and firefighters applied foam after landing as a precautionary measure. The aircraft was evacuated using slides. Initial reports of injured passengers were denied by both Wizz Air and Rome Fiumicino Airport, who said some passengers requested medical checkups but reported no injuries.[60]
  • On 29 September 2013 at 20:10, an Alitalia Airbus A320 flying from Madrid Barajas Airport to Rome Fiumicino Airport failed to deploy the landing gear during a storm on landing and the aircraft toppled, skidded off the runway, and crashed. Ten passengers suffered minor injuries, and all 151 passengers and crew were evacuated and taken to hospital.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Assaeroporti" (PDF).
  2. ^ "ITA: What does Italy's new national airline mean for travellers?". The Local Italy. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  3. ^ Studio Impatto Ambientale ENAC
  4. ^ "Fiumicino: Italy's Fast Growing Airport | Italy". Lifeinitaly.com. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  5. ^ Jeppesen Data dated 5 June 2020
  6. ^ a b c adr.it – Airport map retrieved 25 July 2021
  7. ^ "Expansion projects at Fiumicino". Airport-technology.com. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Dal 6 Agosto Riapre l'Area Check-In del Terminal 1 Completamente Rinnovata".
  9. ^ Helen Norman. Transforming the passenger experience at Rome-Fiumicino Airport. April 16, 2021
  10. ^ "Rome Fiumicino airport reopens Terminal 1". 6 August 2021.
  11. ^ "The Terminals – AEROPORTI DI ROMA".
  12. ^ adr.it – Compagnie aeree retrieved 10 September 2020
  13. ^ "Aegean Airlines route map". Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  14. ^ "Air Cairo returns to flights from Italy to the Red Sea from 23 July". askanews.it (in Italian). 28 May 2021.
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External links[edit]

Media related to Fiumicino Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage