Rome Fiumicino Airport

Coordinates: 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
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Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"

Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerMundys
OperatorAeroporti di Roma
ServesRome metropolitan area / Vatican City
LocationFiumicino, Lazio, Italy
Opened
  • Operational: 20 August 1960; 63 years ago (1960-08-20)
  • Official: 15 January 1961; 63 years ago (1961-01-15)
Hub for
Operating base for
Elevation AMSL15 ft / 5 m
Coordinates41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Websitewww.adr.it/web/aeroporti-di-roma-en
Maps
Airport map
Airport map
Map
Click on the map to see marker
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
Statistics (2023)
Passengers40 545 240
Passenger change 22–23Increase 38.1%
Aircraft movement266,489
Movements change 22–23Increase 25.4%
Cargo (tons)25,862,550
Cargo change 22–23Increase 33.2%
Source:[1]

Rome–Leonardo da Vinci Fiumicino International Airport (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"; IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF), commonly known as Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, is an international airport in Fiumicino, Italy, serving Rome. It is the busiest airport in the country, the 9th busiest airport in Europe and the world's 46th-busiest airport with over 40.5 million passengers served in 2023.[2] It covers an area of 16 square kilometres (6.2 sq mi).[3]

Rome-Fiumicino Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" serves as the principal hub for ITA Airways, the Italian flag carrier and the largest airline in the country. It was previously the hub of Alitalia, the defunct Italian flag carrier. It is also a focus city for several other airlines, such as Neos, Aeroitalia, Ryanair, Vueling and Wizz Air.

Opened in 1961, it is in Fiumicino 30 km (18,64 mi) south of Rome and is named for Italian polymath Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519). Reproductions of some of his most famous works and inventions are on display inside the airport.

As of 2022, it has won the "Best Airport Award" in the category of hubs with over 40 million passengers, issued by Airports Council International (ACI) Europe, for three years in a row.[4]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Check-in hall at Fiumicino in 1964.

During construction, the remains of some Roman ships were found.[5]

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low-cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[6]

During the 1960s, former home-based Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later development[edit]

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A..[citation needed] Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.[citation needed]

Since 2005, the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Three runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft)), and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds. The airport used to have a fourth runway, 16C/34C which was located alongside 16L/34R, it was mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R; the runway is now designated as Taxiway "D".[7]

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built in the future handling 100 million passengers per year.[citation needed]

Terminals[edit]

Rome Fiumicino Airport

Overview[edit]

Terminal 1, Rome–Fiumicino International Airport

As of 2021, after major expansion and refurbishment works, the airport now features two terminals:

  • Terminal 1 (Gates A1–A83)[8] home base to ITA Airways
  • Terminal 3 (Gates E1–E52)[8] is the largest terminal. It also incorporates the former Terminal 5 as well as the satellite building for non-Schengen departures. A new central airside hall has been built as its middle part in recent years.

Development[edit]

The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[9][unreliable source?] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened, followed in 1995 by the international Pier B with 10 gates and in 1999 by the international Satellite C with 14 gates. In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized.

The dedicated Cargo City terminal was added in 2004, while the check-in counters for Northwest Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Continental Airlines, United Airlines, US Airways, American Airlines and El Al in Terminal 5 opened in 2008, with passengers then being bused to what was then called Satellite C.

In 2009, the terminals were renamed – A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3, and T5 stayed the same.

In January 2017, Terminal 5 was closed for renovations; a new central airside hall is currently being built in the middle section. The former Terminal 2 closed permanently on 15 December 2017 to make way for the north-west expansion of Terminal 1. A new three-storey boarding and waiting area, as well as a new Pier A with 13 boarding and 10 remote gates, have been built.[10][11]

From 17 March 2020 to 6 August 2021, Terminal 1 has been closed due to decreased passenger traffic amidst the COVID-19 pandemic;[12] this pause was used to perform a redesign of the main hall layout, which increased the available passenger space.[10]

Future plans include a new Terminal 4, expansion of runways, and new buildings for car parking, services, and airport facilities.[13]

SkyBridge[edit]

An automated people mover (APM) called SkyBridge (Innovia APM 100) opened in 1999 along with the Satellite C. It consists of two stations, one on the third floor of Terminal 3, and the other on the second floor of gate area E31–44. This shuttle train is the only means of transport for passengers between the two sections of the terminal. The westbound service, from T3 to Gates E31–44, is for departing passengers only, while the eastbound service is for arriving passengers only. Arriving passengers are not permitted to take the train back, as they need to pass through a transfer security checkpoint to re-enter the departure area. Likewise, departing passengers are not permitted to take the train back to Terminal 3.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Fiumicino:[14]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki [15]
Aer Lingus Dublin
AeroItalia Alghero, Bacău, Bergamo, Bucharest–Otopeni, Catania, Comiso, Olbia, Palermo [16] [17]
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Aeroméxico Mexico City [18]
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Cairo Sharm El Sheikh
Seasonal: Luxor
[19]
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, Hangzhou [20]
Air Corsica Seasonal: Ajaccio, Bastia [21]
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Mauritius Seasonal: Mauritius (resumes 16 October 2024) [22]
Air Montenegro Podgorica [23]
Air Mountain Seasonal: Sion
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson [24]
airBaltic Riga
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, New York–JFK
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen [25]
Arkia Tel Aviv [26]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka [27]
Bluebird Airways Tel Aviv [28]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong (suspended)
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan [29]
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou [30]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Cyprus Airlines Larnaca [31]
Dan Air Bacău [32]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Detroit
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bristol, Geneva, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Manchester, Nantes, Nice, Paris–Orly
Egyptair Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa [33]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [34]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Prague, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Nuremberg (begins 15 May 2024)
[35] [36]
Finnair Helsinki
FlyOne Chișinău
Gulf Air Bahrain
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Shenzhen
HiSky Chișinău [37]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavik–Keflavík
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv [38]
ITA Airways Accra (begins 5 June 2024),[39] Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Chicago–O'Hare, Catania, Dakar–Diass (begins 3 July 2024),[39] Delhi, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Jeddah (begins 1 August 2024),[40] Kuwait City (begins 5 June 2024),[39] Lamezia Terme, London–City, London–Gatwick (begins 1 June 2024),[41] Los Angeles, Madrid, Malta, Miami, Milan–Linate, Munich, Naples, New York–JFK, Nice, Palermo, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Riyadh (begins 5 May 2024),[39] San Francisco, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo–Haneda, Toronto–Pearson (begins 10 May 2024),[42] Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Venice, Washington–Dulles, Zürich
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Lampedusa, Malé, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Split
Charter: Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh, Fort-de-France
[43][44] [45][46]
Jet2.com Birmingham, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne [47] [48]
KLM Amsterdam
KM Malta Airlines Malta [49]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin, Warsaw–Radom [50]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
MedSky Airways Tripoli
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Neos Amritsar, Boa Vista, Cancún, Dakar–Diass, Havana, Malé, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Djerba, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, La Romana, Marsa Matruh, Mauritius, Menorca, Monastir, Mykonos, Nosy Be, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Salalah, Zanzibar
[51]
Nile Air Seasonal charter: Cairo, Luxor [52]
Norse Atlantic Airways Seasonal: New York–JFK [53][54]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qantas Seasonal: Perth, Sydney [55]
Qatar Airways Doha [56]
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia [57]
Ryanair Alicante, Asturias, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Berlin, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Cork, Dublin, Eindhoven, Faro, Gdańsk, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Hahn, Katowice, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Memmingen, Palermo, Poznań, Prague, Riga, Santander, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Trapani, Valencia, Vienna, Vilnius, Wrocław, Zagreb
Seasonal: Billund, Chania, Dubrovnik,[58] Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Zakynthos
[59][60][61][62][63][64]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Oslo
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Tianfu [65]
Singapore Airlines Singapore [66]
Sky Alps Ancona, Crotone, Cuneo, Verona,
Seasonal Mostar (begins 2 May 2024)
[67][68][69]
Sky Express Athens [70]
SpiceJet Seasonal: Amritsar [71]
SunExpress Seasonal: İzmir (begins 4 June 2024) [72]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest–Otopeni
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi (suspended)
Transavia Nantes, Paris–Orly, Rotterdam/The Hague
Seasonal: Montpellier
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
United Airlines Newark, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, San Francisco
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent, Urgench [73]
Volotea Bordeaux, Lille, Nantes, Olbia, Strasbourg
Seasonal: Bilbao, Brest (begins 18 April 2024),[74] Lourdes
[75][76]
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Paris–Orly, Seville, Valencia
Seasonal: Bilbao, Dubrovnik, Ibiza, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Santorini, Split
[77][78]
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary [79]
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi, Alicante, Amman–Queen Alia, Baku, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bucharest–Otopeni, Budapest, Castellón, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Dammam, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Funchal, Gdańsk, Giza, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Iași, Jeddah, Kraków, Larnaca, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Memmingen, Nice, Paris–Orly, Porto, Prague, Reykjavik–Keflavík, Riyadh, Rzeszów, Seville, Sharm El Sheikh, Sofia, Suceava, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Tirana, Turku, Valencia, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Marrakesh, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Zakynthos
[80][81][82] [83] [84][85][81][86]

Statistics[edit]

Graph[edit]

Annual passenger traffic on the two Rome airports. See Wikidata query.

Busiest domestic routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2022)[87]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers (v. 2021) Airline(s)
1 Steady

Sicily Catania, Sicily

Increase 1,540,957

ITA Airways, Ryanair, Wizz Air

2 Steady

Sicily Palermo, Sicily

Increase 1,178,628

ITA Airways, Ryanair, Wizz Air

3 Steady

Sardinia Cagliari, Sardinia

Increase 627,960

ITA Airways, Volotea

4 Steady

Lombardy Milan-Linate, Lombardy

Increase 604,836

ITA Airways

5 Steady

Apulia Bari, Apulia

Increase 557,215

ITA Airways, Ryanair

6 Steady

Apulia Brindisi, Apulia

Increase 392,646

ITA Airways, Ryanair

7 Increase 6

Sardinia Olbia, Sardinia

Increase 338,847

ITA Airways, Volotea

8 Increase 4

Sardinia Alghero, Sardinia

Increase 248,187 ITA Airways,

Volotea

9 Steady

Calabria Lamezia Terme, Calabria

Increase 242,423

ITA Airways

10 Increase 1

Liguria Genoa, Liguria

Increase 205,284

ITA Airways

11 Decrease 4

Piedmont Turin, Piedmont

Increase 198,326

ITA Airways

12 Decrease 4

Veneto Venice, Veneto

Increase 179,227

ITA Airways

13 Increase 3

Friuli-Venezia Giulia Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Increase 173,269

ITA Airways

14 Steady

Campania Naples, Campania

Increase 92,161

ITA Airways

15 Increase

Sicily Trapani, Sicily

Increase 91,458

Ryanair

16 Increase 2

Calabria Reggio Calabria, Calabria

Increase 87,030

ITA Airways

17 Increase

Sicily Comiso, Sicily

Increase 83,724

Ryanair

18 Decrease 3

Emilia-Romagna Bologna, Emilia-Romagna

Decrease 69,733

ITA Airways

19 Decrease 2

Tuscany Florence, Tuscany

Increase 51,190

ITA Airways

20 Increase

Piedmont Cuneo, Piedmont

Increase 43,276

Ryanair

Busiest European routes[edit]

Busiest European Routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[87]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Increase1

France Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France

343,498

Alitalia, Air France, Vueling

2 Increase3

United Kingdom London–Heathrow, United Kingdom

304,734

Alitalia, British Airways

3 Increase1

Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands

291,981

Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling

4 Decrease1

Spain Madrid, Spain

285,846

Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling

5 Decrease4

Spain Barcelona, Spain

280,903

Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling

6 Increase4

Germany Frankfurt am Main, Germany

199,163

Alitalia, Lufthansa

7 Increase1

Belgium Brussels, Belgium

195,735

Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair

8 Increase1

Germany Munich, Germany

185,466

Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling

9 Decrease2

France Paris–Orly, France

160,911

easyJet, Vueling

10 Decrease4

United Kingdom London-Gatwick, United Kingdom

159,087

British Airways, easyJet, Vueling

11 Increase2

Austria Vienna, Austria

133,189

Eurowings, Laudamotion, Vueling, Wizz Air

12 Decrease1

Greece Athens, Greece

122,705

Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, Ryanair, Sky Express

13 Increase2

Switzerland Zurich, Switzerland

117,235

Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines

14 Steady

Portugal Lisbon, Portugal

107,604

TAP Portugal

15 Increase2

Turkey Istanbul, Turkey

99,012

Turkish Airlines

16 Increase2

Albania Tirana, Albania

95,996

Alitalia, Air Albania

17 Decrease1

Malta Luqa, Malta

93,910

Air Malta, Alitalia, Ryanair

18 Increase1

Switzerland Geneva, Switzerland

92,994

Alitalia, easyJet

19 Decrease7

Russia Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Russia

91,833

Aeroflot, Alitalia

20 Increase1

France Nice, France

62,181

Alitalia, easyJet

Busiest intercontinental routes[edit]

Busiest intercontinental routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2020)[87]
Rank Rank
(v. 2019)
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Increase1

United States New York–JFK, United States

134,482

Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines

2 Increase4

Qatar Doha, Qatar

126,289

Qatar Airways

3 Steady

United Arab Emirates Dubai-International, United Arab Emirates

106,347

Emirates

4 Decrease3

Israel Tel Aviv, Israel

104,617

Alitalia, El Al, Vueling, Ryanair

5 Increase6

Egypt Cairo, Egypt

83,948

Alitalia, EgyptAir

6 Decrease2

Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos, Brazil

403,276

Alitalia, LATAM Brasil

7 Increase5

Tunisia Tunis, Tunisia

69,674

Alitalia, Tunisair

8 Steady

Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Argentina

66,385

Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia

9 Decrease2

United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

372,266

Etihad Airways

10 Increase

India Delhi, India

57,286

Air India, Alitalia

11 Decrease6

South Korea Seoul–Incheon, South Korea

52,712

Alitalia, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air

12 Increase20

Ethiopia Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

44,553

Ethiopian Airlines

13 Increase1

Turkey Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey

35,947

Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines

14 Increase10

Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

33,114

Alitalia

15 Increase5

Japan Tokyo–Narita, Japan

32,986

Alitalia

16 Increase6

Morocco Casablanca, Morocco

30,776

Royal Air Maroc

17 Increase9

United States Miami, United States

29,494

Alitalia

18 Increase15

Thailand Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Thailand

26,358

Thai Airways

19 Increase11

Chile Santiago, Chile

23,489

Alitalia

20 Decrease7

United States Atlanta, United States

22,002

Delta Air Lines

Ground transportation[edit]

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station
Leonardo Express train at Roma Termini
Leonardo da Vinci airport welcome signboard from the A91 motorway

The main transport link with the airport is the railway network, from Fiumicino Aeroporto station. The railway opened in December 1989, with non-stop and several stopping services available.[88]

Leonardo Express[edit]

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in the city center of Rome, with a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes.[89]

FL lines[edit]

Leonardo da Vinci airport is also connected to Rome by the FL1 line, a suburban commuter and rapid transit line. Departing every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. The FL1 line does not stop at Termini station, connects the airport with the other main stations of Rome where it is possible to change to the metro network, Trastevere (Tram lines 3 and 8), Ostiense (Metro Piramide), Tuscolana (Metro Ponte Lungo) or Roma Tiburtina (Metro Tiburtina).[90]

High-speed[edit]

The airport is also connected to the Italian high-speed network, the following connections depart from Fiumicino Aeroporto station:[91]

Road[edit]

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane Autostrada A91 motorway and numerous buses (from the Cotral network), shuttle buses, car sharing and taxis.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

  • On 23 November 1964, TWA Flight 800, operated by a Boeing 707, had an engine catch fire during takeoff. 50 of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 17 December 1973, during the 1973 Rome airport attacks and hijacking, a Boeing 707-321B operating as Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) Flight 110 was attacked by Palestinian assailants. 30 passengers were killed when phosphorus bombs were thrown aboard the aircraft as it was preparing for departure.[92] During the same incident a Lufthansa Boeing 737 (D-ABEY)[93] was hijacked and landed at Athens, Damascus and finally in Kuwait. All remaining passengers and crew were then released.[92] Two people died in the incident.[93]
  • In January 1973, a number of extremists planned to attack Prime Minister Golda Meir's plane at Fiumicino airport. They placed Strela missiles inside a number of vehicles at certain locations around the airport, but Italian and Israeli authorities were able to intercept them.[94]
  • On 19 November 1977, an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 707-360C, a cargo flight, crashed after takeoff 0.5 km (0.3 m) W of FCO. The plane barely gained height after takeoff from runway 25, reaching a height of 7–8 meters, contacting treetops, and struck the ground 280 meters further on. All 5 occupants (3 crew, 2 passengers) were killed. Unconfirmed reports indicated the plane was overloaded.[95]
  • On 27 December 1985, during the Rome and Vienna airport attacks, assailants shot and killed 16 people and wounded 99 others at the check-in counter. Most perpetrators were shot by security and police officers.
  • On 17 October 1988, Uganda Airlines Flight 775 from London Gatwick to Entebbe International Airport via Fiumicino, crashed short of the runway after two missed approaches. Twenty-six of the 45 passengers aboard, as well as all 7 crew members, died.
  • On 2 February 2013, Alitalia Flight 1670, operated by a leased ATR 72, en route from Pisa International Airport to Rome, overran the runway during landing. Sixteen occupants were injured, two of them seriously.[96][97][98] The aircraft was subsequently written off.
  • On 8 June 2013, Wizz Air Flight 3141, an Airbus A320-232 (registration HA-LWM) from Bucharest – Henri Coandă Airport, Romania to Rome-Ciampino, Italy, made an emergency landing at Fiumicino Airport when the crew encountered problems lowering one of the main undercarriages and locking it into position. The aircraft diverted to Fiumicino because of the longer runway, and firefighters applied foam after landing as a precautionary measure. The aircraft was evacuated using slides. Initial reports of injured passengers were denied by both Wizz Air and Rome Fiumicino Airport, who said some passengers requested medical checkups but reported no injuries.[99]
  • On 29 September 2013 at 20:10, an Alitalia Airbus A320 flying from Madrid Barajas Airport to Rome Fiumicino Airport failed to deploy the landing gear during a storm on landing and the aircraft toppled, skidded off the runway, and crashed. Ten passengers suffered minor injuries, and all 151 passengers and crew were evacuated and taken to hospital.

References[edit]

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  3. ^ "Adobe Acrobat". acrobat.adobe.com. Archived from the original on 23 March 2023. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
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  5. ^ "Museum of the Roman ships from Fiumicino". Italian Ministry of Culture. Archived from the original on 8 June 2023. Retrieved 8 June 2023.
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External links[edit]

Media related to Fiumicino Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage