Leonid Pasechnik

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Leonid Pasechnik
Леонид Иванович Пасечник
Леонід Іванович Пасічник
Leonid Pasechnik 2019.png
Head of State of the Luhansk People's Republic
Assumed office
21 November 2018
Acting: 24 November 2017-21 November 2018
Prime MinisterSergey Kozlov
Preceded byIgor Plotnitsky
Minister of Security Service
In office
9 October 2014 – 24 November 2017
PresidentHimself
Preceded bypost created
Personal details
Born (1970-03-15) 15 March 1970 (age 49)
Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
AwardsMedal For Military Service to Ukraine
Military service
Allegiance Ukraine
 Luhansk People's Republic
Branch/serviceFlag of the Security Service of Ukraine.svg Security Service of Ukraine (SBU)
War Flag of Novorussia.svg United Armed Forces of Novorossiya
Years of service2014–present
RankLieutenant Colonel (SBU)
Battles/warsWar in Donbass

Leonid Ivanovich Pasechnik (Russian: Леонид Иванович Пасечник, Ukrainian: Леонід Іванович Пасічник; Leonid Ivanovych Pasichnyk; born 15 March 1970) is the leader of the self-proclaimed state Luhansk People's Republic who also performs the functions of Minister of State Security.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Pasechnik's father worked in law enforcement,[2] for the OBKhSS, for 26 years.[1][2] In 1975 the Pasechnik family moved to Magadan in the Russian Far East[2] where Pasechnik's father was associated with gold mine operations.[1]

Pasechnik graduated the Donetsk Military-Political College and worked for the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) in Luhansk Oblast as a chief of a detachment combating contraband operations[2] and the chief of the Stakhanov district detachment.[1] On 15 August 2006 he became famous for intercepting large quantities of contraband at Izvaryne border checkpoint ($1.94 mln and 7.24 mln Russian rubles), at the same time refusing a bribe out of principle.[1][2]

In March 2007 SBU Lieutenant Colonel Pasechnik received from the Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko a medal For Military Service to Ukraine, "for showing integrity and professionalism in the line of duty".[1]

In 2014 he sided with pro-Russian militants, becoming on 9 October 2014 a minister of State Security for the self-proclaimed state Luhansk People's Republic (LPR).[1][2]

On 21 November 2017, armed men in unmarked uniforms took up positions in the center of Luhansk in what appeared to be a power struggle between the head of the republic Igor Plotnitsky and the (sacked by Plotnitsky) LPR appointed interior minister Igor Kornet.[3][4] Three days later the website of the separatists stated that Plotnitsky had resigned "for health reasons. Multiple war wounds, the effects of blast injuries, took their toll."[5] The website stated that Pasechnik had been named acting leader "until the next elections."[5] Russian media reported that Plotnitsky had fled the unrecognised republic on 23 November 2017 to Russia.[6] On 25 November the 38-member separatist republic's People's Council unanimously approved Plotnitsky's resignation.[7] Pasechnik declared his adherence to the Minsk accords, claiming "The republic will be consistently executing the obligations taken under these agreements."[8] On 30 March 2018 Pasechnik stated "Our [LPR] experience can help all regions of Ukraine eventually gain freedom and independence, and then we can together declare a new Ukraine in which representatives of different nationalities and cultures will freely live."[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Former SBU agent, whom Yushchenko gave a medal. Who is the new leader of "LPR" (Бывший СБУшник, которому дал медаль Ющенко. Кто такой новый главарь "ЛНР"). Espreso.tv. 24 November 2017
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Who is Pasechnik and what type of conflict he had with Plotnitsky (Кто такой Пасечник и какой конфликт был у него с Плотницким). DNR 24. 24 November 2017
  3. ^ "Kremlin 'Following' Situation In Ukraine's Russia-Backed Separatist-Controlled Luhansk". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty.
  4. ^ "Luhansk coup attempt continues as rival militia occupies separatist region". independent.co.uk. 22 November 2017.
  5. ^ a b Ukraine rebel region's security minister says he is new leader , Reuters (24 November 2017)
    Separatist Leader In Ukraine's Luhansk Resigns Amid Power Struggle, Radio Free Europe (24 November 2017)
  6. ^ "Захар Прилепин встретил главу ЛНР в самолете в Москву". meduza.io.
  7. ^ "Народный совет ЛНР единогласно проголосовал за отставку Плотницкого" (in Russian). Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  8. ^ Lugansk People’s Republic head resigns, TASS news agency (24 November 2017)
  9. ^ "ЛНР have declared readiness to share experience with other areas of Ukraine" (in Russian). Retrieved 31 March 2018.