Leonor, Princess of Asturias
|Princess of Asturias (more)|
Leonor in June 2019
|Born||31 October 2005|
Ruber International Hospital, Madrid, Kingdom of Spain
|Father||Felipe VI of Spain|
|Mother||Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano|
|Spanish royal family|
In addition to the official title of Princess of Asturias, she bears the historical titles of Princess of Girona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer. If Leonor ascended the throne, she would be Spain's first queen regnant since Isabella II, who reigned from 1833 to 1868.
Leonor was born to Felipe and Letizia, then Prince and Princess of Asturias, on 31 October 2005 at 01:46, during the reign of her paternal grandfather Juan Carlos I in the Ruber International Hospital in Madrid by means of a caesarean section necessitated by non-progression of labour. As the daughter of the heir apparent, she was an infanta and the second in the line of succession to the Spanish throne. Her birth was announced by the royal family to the press via SMS.
Her umbilical cord was clipped and sent for storage to the Cord Blood Registry based in Arizona. Leonor left the Ruber International Hospital with her parents on 7 November 2005. She was baptised in the Zarzuela Palace by the Cardinal Archbishop of Madrid, Antonio Rouco Varela, on 14 January 2006. Like her father, Leonor was christened in a romanesque baptismal font used to Christianize Spanish princes since the 17th century and originally used by Saint Dominic with water from the Jordan River.
Education and activities
Leonor's education began at the daycare for the children of the Spanish Royal Guard. She began her first year of elementary school on 15 September 2008 at the Santa María de los Rosales School in Aravaca, just outside Madrid. Her father is an alumnus of the private school and her younger sister, Sofía, is also enrolled there. Leonor is fluent in both Spanish and English and has studied Mandarin.
On 18 June 2014, King Juan Carlos signed the instrument of abdication, and the following day at the stroke of midnight (18-19 June 2014) Leonor's father ascended the throne becoming King Felipe VI, and Leonor became his heir presumptive and became the brand new Princess of Asturias.
Spanish monarchy operates under a system of male-preference cognatic primogeniture, meaning that Leonor, as the elder of Felipe's two daughters, is first in line to inherit the throne. Under the current law, however, if her father has a legitimate son while still being king, Leonor would be displaced in the line of succession and again become an infanta. There have been discussions about changing the succession law to absolute primogeniture, allowing for the inheritance of the eldest child, regardless of sex; however, the birth of Leonor, followed by that of her younger sister Sofía, stalled these plans. Despite a change from male-preference to absolute primogeniture for Spanish titles of nobility in 2009, as of 2019 no legislation has been passed affecting the succession to the throne.
A day before her 10th birthday, she was granted the Order of the Golden Fleece by her father. In addition, the Council of Ministers approved the design of her personal standard and guidon. Coinciding with the 50th birthday of King Felipe, in January 2018, the King officially gave Leonor the collar of the Golden Fleece.
In September 2018, Leonor conducted her first public engagement outside the palace by accompanying her parents to Covadonga to celebrate the 1,300th anniversary of the Kingdom of Asturias. On 31 October 2018, Princess Leonor gave her first public speech, held at the Instituto Cervantes in Madrid, where she read the first article of the Constitution of Spain. The speech coincided with the 40th anniversary of the constitution and her 13th birthday.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Before her father's ascension to the throne, her title was: Her Royal Highness Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz, Infanta of Spain.
Since her father's ascension, the Princess' full title is: Her Royal Highness Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz, Princess of Asturias, Princess of Gerona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer.
As heiress presumptive to the throne, she is the nominal chairwoman of the Princess of Asturias Foundation and the Princess of Girona Foundation, although because of her young age those functions are assumed by her father.
- This article uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is de Borbón and the second or maternal family name is Ortiz.
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- Real Decreto 978/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
- Real Decreto 979/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
- "King Felipe of Spain gives daughter Princess Leonor same honour as the Queen". HELLO!. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
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- Alberola, Miquel (1 November 2018). "La princesa Leonor hace su primera lectura pública para conmemorar la Constitución". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 November 2018.
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- "Los primeros Premios Princesa de Asturias no tendrán a su Princesa". HOLA USA (in Spanish). 19 October 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leonor, Princess of Asturias.|
Leonor, Princess of AsturiasBorn: 31 October 2005
|Lines of succession|
||Succession to the Spanish throne||Succeeded by|
| Princess of Asturias, Princess of Viana
Princess of Girona, Duchess of Montblanc,
Countess of Cervera, Lady of Balaguer