Scorzoneroides autumnalis

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Scorzoneroides autumnalis
Leontodon autumnalis detail.jpeg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Scorzoneroides
Species: S. autumnalis
Binomial name
Scorzoneroides autumnalis
(L.) Moench
Synonyms

Leontodon autumnalis L.[1]

Scorzoneroides autumnalis, commonly called autumn hawkbit,[2] is a perennial plant species, widespread in its native range in Eurasia (from Europe east to western Siberia),[3] and introduced in North America.[4]

The plant is sometimes called fall dandelion, because it is very similar to the common dandelion (one of the main differences being a branched stem with several capitula[5]), but "yellow fields", covered by this plant appear much later than dandelion's, towards the autumn in the Eastern Europe. In the Latin synonym of the plant name, Leontodon autumnalis, "leontodon" means "lion's tooth", the same as "dandelion".

Ecology[edit]

The fly Tephritis leontodontis is known to attack the capitula of this plant.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Werner Greuter, Walter Gutermann & Salvador Talavera (2006). "A preliminary conspectus of Scorzoneroides (Compositae, Cichorieae) with validation of the required new names" (PDF). Willdenowia. 36 (2): 689–692. doi:10.3372/wi.36.36204. ISSN 0511-9618. 
  2. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^ Rosabelle Samuel, Walter Gutermann, Tod F. Stuessy, Claudete F. Ruas, Hans-Walter Lack, Karin Tremetsberger, Salvador Talavera, Barbara Hermanowski & Friedrich Ehrendorfer (2006). "Molecular phylogenetics reveals Leontodon (Asteraceae, Lactuceae) to be diphyletic". American Journal of Botany. 93 (8): 1193–1205. doi:10.3732/ajb.93.8.1193. PMID 21642184. 
  4. ^ 1. Leontodon autumnalis Linnaeus, Flora of North America, accessed March 1, 2010
  5. ^ Autumn Hawkbit
  6. ^ Ian M. White (1988). Tephritid Flies (Diptera: Tephritidea). Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. 10/5a. Royal Entomological Society of London. pp. 1–134. ISBN 978-0-901546-68-5. 

External links[edit]