From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alpen Edelweiß, Leontopodium alpinum 2.JPG
Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Gnaphalieae[1]
Genus: Leontopodium
(Pers.) R.Br. ex Cass.
L. shinanense

Leontopodium is a genus of plants in the daisy or sunflower family The genus is native to Europe and Asia.[2][3] The fuzzy and somewhat stocky "petals" (technically, bracts) could be thought of as somewhat resembling lions' paws —hence the genus name combining léōn (lion) and pódion (foot).[4][5][6]

The genus includes edelweiss (L. alpinum[7][8]), a well-known plant from the mountains of Europe. The term edelweiss can, more rarely, refer to other members of the genus.[9] The plant has been regarded as a national symbol of Austria, worn as a cap emblem by Austrian troops and displayed on Austrian coins.[10] A song about the plant, written by Oscar Hammerstein, was featured in the musical production The Sound of Music.[11]



  1. ^ Randall J. Bayer; Christopher F. Puttock; Scot A. Kelchner (2000). "Phylogeny of South African Gnaphalieae (Asteraceae) based on two noncoding chloroplast sequences". American Journal of Botany. Botanical Society of America. 87 (2): 259–272. doi:10.2307/2656914. JSTOR 2656914. PMID 10675314. 
  2. ^ "Leontopodium". Digital Flora of Taiwan. 
  3. ^ "Leontopodium". Flora of Pakistan. 
  4. ^ λέων, πόδιον, πούς. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project
  5. ^ Flora of China Vol. 20-21 Page 778 火绒草属 huo rong cao shu Leontopodium R. Brown ex Cassini, Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris. 1819: 144. 1819.
  6. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Leontopodium includes photos and range maps
  7. ^ "edelweiss". The Free Dictionary by farlex. 
  8. ^ "edelweiss". Encyclopædia Britannica online. 
  9. ^ Iza Goroff (July 2004). "Plant of the Month: Leontopodium souliei". 
  10. ^ Meriam, Ray (1999). Gebirgsjaeger: Germany's Mountain Troops. World War II Arsenal. 3. Merriam Press. p. 44. ISBN 1576381633. 
  11. ^ Edelweiss in "The Sound of Music"
  12. ^ Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist search for Leontopodium