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Illustration Leonurus cardiaca0.jpg
Leonurus cardiaca[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Lamioideae
Genus: Leonurus
  • Cardiaca Mill.
  • Marrubiastrum Ség.

Leonurus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. It is native to Europe and Asia, naturalized in New Zealand, Hawaii, New Caledonia, and much of North and South America.[2][3][4][5]

Leonurus japonicus is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine. It is called yìmǔcǎo (益母草) in Chinese.

Species are sometimes confused with the related genus Leonotis.

  1. Leonurus cardiaca L. - much of northern + central Europe east to Western Siberia + Iran
  2. Leonurus chaituroides C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li - southeastern China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan)
  3. Leonurus deminutus V.I.Krecz. - Siberia, Mongolia, Inner Mongolia
  4. Leonurus glaucescens Bunge - Turkey, Caucasus, Ukraine, European Russia, western Siberia (Altai and Western Siberia), Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Inner Mongolia
  5. Leonurus incanus V.I.Krecz. & Kuprian. - Kazakhstan
  6. Leonurus japonicus Houtt. - Japan, Korea, Amur, Primorye, much of China (incl Taiwan, Tibet, Xinjiang), Himalayas, Southeast Asia, Queensland; naturalized in North + South America, West Indies, Hawaii, Cape Verde, etc.
  7. Leonurus kuprijanoviae Krestovsk. - Pakistan
  8. Leonurus macranthus Maxim. - Japan, Primorye, Manchuria
  9. Leonurus mongolicus V.I.Krecz. & Kuprian. - Mongolia, parts of Siberia (Tuva + Chita)
  10. Leonurus nuristanicus Murata - Afghanistan
  11. Leonurus oblongifolius Popov - Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan
  12. Leonurus persicus Boiss. - Turkey, Iran, Caucasus
  13. Leonurus pseudomacranthus Kitag. - Japan, Amur, Primorye, eastern China
  14. Leonurus pseudopanzerioides Krestovsk. - Mongolia, Xinjiang
  15. Leonurus pubescens Benth. - Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, western Himalayas
  16. Leonurus quinquelobatus Gilib. - Turkey, Iran, Caucasus, Crimea; naturalized in Germany, Belgium, Irkutsk
  17. Leonurus royleanus Benth. - western Himalayas
  18. Leonurus sibiricus L. - Mongolia, Siberia (Altai, Chita), China (Hebei, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shanxi)
  19. Leonurus tataricus L. - Siberia (Altai, Tuva, Western Siberia, Irkutsk)
  20. Leonurus tibeticus Krestovsk. - Tibet
  21. Leonurus turkestanicus V.I.Krecz. & Kuprian. - western Himalayas, Tibet, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran
  22. Leonurus urticifolius C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li - Tibet
  23. Leonurus villosissimus C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li - China (Hebei)
  24. Leonurus wutaishanicus C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li - China (Shanxi)


  1. ^ illustration from Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, Germany
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 162 益母草属 yi mu cao shu Leonurus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 584. 1753.
  4. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Genere Leonurus includes photos + European distribution maps
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps