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|Common leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius)|
The genus Eublepharis, of which one known type is the leopard geckos, were first described by the British zoologist John Edward Gray in 1827. The etymology of their name is 'eu' = good (=true) |'blephar' = eyelid, and all have fully functional eyelids. Members of this genus are found in eastern and southwestern Asia where they are found in rocky grassland habitats. These geckos are sturdily built. Their tail is shorter than their snout-vent length and their body is covered with numerous wart-like bumps. The toes do not have adhesive lamellae or membrane (Eublepharis cannot climb like their other gecko cousins). Eublepharis are crepuscular or nocturnal ground-dwellers. Included in this group is the popular pet gecko: the leopard gecko. A common misconception about Leopard Geckos is that they live in dry, arid deserts, but they are from the rocky grasslands in southwestern Asia. They avoid deserts.
Species of the genus Eublepharis
- Iraqi eyelid gecko, Eublepharis angramainyu
- West Indian leopard gecko,Eublepharis fuscus
- East Indian leopard gecko, Eublepharis hardwickii
- Common leopard gecko, Eublepharis macularius
- Afghan leopard gecko, (Eublepharis macularius afghanicus)
- Eublepharis macularius fasciolatus
- Eublepharis macularius macularius
- Eublepharis macularius montanus
- Eublepharis macularius smithi
- Satpura leopard gecko, Eublepharis satpuraensis
- Turkmenistan eyelid gecko, Eublepharis turcmenicus
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Eublepharis key identifiers
Eublepharis can be found throughout Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Northwest India, and Pakistan. They prefer dry, semi-dry, and more arid grassland regions.
- "Eublepharis macularius (Common Leopard Gecko)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2018-10-24.