Leopold Auerbach

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Leopold Auerbach (1828-1897)

Leopold Auerbach (27 April 1828 – 30 September 1897) was a German anatomist and neuropathologist born in Breslau.

Education and career[edit]

Auerbach studied medicine at the Universities of Breslau, Berlin and the Leipzig. He became a physician in 1849, obtained his habilitation in 1863. From 1872 he was an associate professor of neuropathology at the University of Breslau.

Discoveries[edit]

Auerbach was among the first physicians to diagnose the nervous system using histological staining methods. He published a number of papers on neuropathological problems and muscle-related disorders.

He is credited with the discovery of Plexus myentericus Auerbachi, or Auerbach's plexus, a layer of ganglion cells that provide control of movements of the gastro-intestinal tract, also known as the "myenteric plexus".

"Friedreich–Auerbach disease" is named after Auerbach and pathologist Nikolaus Friedreich (1825-1882). It is a rare disease characterized by hemi-hypertrophy of the facial features, tongue, and tonsils.[1]

Family[edit]

Auerbach died in Breslau. His son Felix Auerbach was a renowned physicist.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ueber Percussion der Muskeln; in: Zeitschrift für rationelle Medizin, Leipzig and Heidelberg 1862.
  • Bau der Blut- und Lymph-Capillaren; in: Centralblatt für die medicinischen Wissenschaften, Berlin, 1865.
  • Lymphgefässe des Darms; in: [Virchows] Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin, Berlin, 1865. volume 33.
  • Wahre Muskelhypertrophie; in: [Virchows] Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin, Berlin, 1871, volume 53.[2]
  • Leopold Auerbach (1923). Organologische Studien. Zur Charakteristik und Lebensgeschichte der Zellkerne, Volumes 1-2. Nabu Press. p. 296. ISBN 1294240250. 

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]