Leopold II, Margrave of Austria
|Margrave of Austria|
Leopold the Fair at the Battle of Mailberg, Babenberger Stammbaum, Klosterneuburg Monastery, 1489–1492
|Spouse||Ida of Formbach-Ratelnberg|
|Family||House of Babenberg|
|Mother||Adelaide of Eilenburg|
|Died||12 October 1095|
Leopold II (German: Luitpold, 1050 – 12 October 1095), known as Leopold the Fair (German: Luitpold der Schöne), was the Margrave of Austria from 1075 to his death in 1095. He was a member of the House of Babenberg.
In the Investiture Dispute, he first sided with Emperor Henry IV, but in 1081 at the Diet of Tulln switched sides under the influence of his wife Ida and Bishop Altmann of Passau. Subsequently, he was deposed by the Emperor, who gave the fief to Vratislav II of Bohemia, who defeated Leopold in the Battle of Mailberg. Ultimately, Leopold managed to retain his position, but he lost some territory in Southern Moravia, but Luitpold of Znojmo, Duke of Moravia was his son in law. Leopold resided in Gars am Kamp.
In 1089 Leopold helped pay for the construction of Melk Abbey in eastern Austria by donating the land for the new Abbey. The ruins of Thunau a Kamp castle, once a summer residence of Leopold, are 68 kilometres (42 mi) away.
The two had a son, Leopold III, as well as six daughters who married Dukes and Counts from Carinthia, Bohemia and Germany. One of them, called Ida of Austria (or Ida of Babenberg), married Luitpold, Duke of Moravia, part of Znojmo.
- Lingelbach 1913, p. 90.
- "Google Map". Google Maps. Google. 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
- Beller, Steven (2007). A Concise History of Austria. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521478861.
- Brooke, Z. N. (1938). A History of Europe: From 911 to 1198. London: Methuen & Company Ltd. ISBN 978-1443740708.
- Lechner, Karl (1976). Die Babenberger: Markgrafen und Herzoge von Österreich 976–1246. Vienna: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3205085089.
- Leeper, Alexander W. (1941). History of Medieval Austria. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0404153472.
- Lingelbach, William E. (1913). The History of Nations: Austria-Hungary. New York: P. F. Collier & Son Company. ASIN B000L3E368.
- Pohl, Walter (1995). Die Welt der Babenberger. Graz: Verlag Styria. ISBN 978-3222123344.
- Rickett, Richard (1985). A Brief Survey of Austrian History. Vienna: Prachner. ISBN 978-3853670019.
- Wegener, Wilhelm (1965). Genealogischen Tafeln zur mitteleuropäischen Geschichte. Vienna: Verlag Degener.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leopold II, Margrave of Austria.|
Leopold II, Margrave of AustriaBorn: 1050 Died: 1095
|Margrave of Austria