January 22, 1920|
Simbirsk, Russian SFSR
|Died||March 22, 1993
London, United Kingdom
|Known for||Championing human rights in the Eastern Bloc|
Łabędź was born to a Polish Jewish doctor in Russia. The family soon returned to Warsaw and the young Łabędź decided to follow his father into the medical profession. He studied medicine in Paris. In 1939, he fled to the Soviet zone of occupation and was imprisoned by the Soviets in the Gulag.
He left the Soviet Union in 1942 as part of the Polish Army led by General Władysław Anders. After the war he studied at Bologna University before settling in London, where he studied at the London School of Economics. Strongly anti-communist, Łabędź edited Survey journal and headed the London office of Committee for the Defense of Workers known by its Polish abbreviation as KOR.
Łabędź often campaigned for the Solidarity union in Poland, and for political prisoners in the Soviet Union. Łabędź was one of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's principal champions in the West and often defended the Russian writer against the charge of anti-semitism.
- The future of communist society edited by Walter Laqueur & Leopold Łabędź, New York : Praeger, 1962.
- Polycentrism : the new factor in international communism edited by Walter Laqueur and Leopold Łabędź, New York : Praeger, 1962.
- Revisionism : essays on the history of Marxist ideas edited by L. Łabędź, London : G. Allen and Unwin, 1962.
- Literature and revolution in Soviet Russia, 1917-62, a symposium, edited by Max Hayward and Leopold Łabędź, London, Oxford University Press, 1963.
- The Sino-Soviet conflict : eleven radio discussions by L. Łabędź & George Urban, London : Bodley Head, 1965, 1964.
- International communism after Khrushchev edited by Leopold Łabędź Cambridge, M.I.T. Press 1965.
- The State of Soviet Studies edited by Walter Laqueur and Leopold Łabędź, Cambridge, Mass., M.I.T. Press 1965.
- Solzhenitsyn : a documentary record Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England ; Baltimore : Penguin, 1974.
- "Chomsky Revisited", Encounter, July 1980, pp. 28–35.
- The use and abuse of Sovietology edited by Melvin J. Lasky New Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. : Transaction Publishers, 1989.
- Shils, Edward Portraits : A Gallery of Intellectuals, University Of Chicago Press 1997.