Leopold Müller (painter)
Leopold Carl Müller
Leopold Karl Muller, self-portrait
|Born||9 December 1834|
|Died||4 August 1892|
|Resting place||The Zentralfriedhof, Vienna|
|Education||Academy in Vienna.|
|Known for||Orientalist scenes, landscapes|
Born in Dresden to Austrian parents, he was a pupil of Karl von Blaas and of Christian Ruben at the Academy in Vienna. Obliged to support his family after his father's death, he worked eight years as an illustrator for the Vienna Figaro.  Continuing his studies subsequently, he visited repeatedly Italy and Egypt, and made his name favorably known through a series of scenes from popular life in Italy and Hungary. 
In the late 1860s, he visited Paris, where he was inspired by the work of Eugene Fromentin and subsequently turned his attention to the Orientalist genre.  In 1877 Müller took a position as professor at the Vienna Academy and later as a rector during 1890-91.  One of his pupils was the Orientalist, Charles Wilda.
His sisters were the painters Marie Müller (1847-1935) and Berta Müller (1848–1925), both well known in Austria for their portrait paintings. The third sister, Josefine, married the Austrian portrait painter Eduard Swoboda (1814-1902), he was the father of the painter Rudolf Swoboda and the portrait painter Josefine Swoboda.
He travelled to Egypt many times throughout his life, often staying there for six months at a time. In 1879, on his fifth visit, he travelled with his nephew and student, Rudolf Swoboda. 
He died, aged 57, in Weidlingau, now part of Vienna and is buried at "The Zentralfriedhof" ("Central Cemetery") in Vienna.
He displayed his coloristic talent to greater advantage in oriental subjects, such as Arabian Money-Changers, Pilgrims to Mecca Resting, Bedouins in Camp, Camel Mart, Young Copt Woman (New Pinakothek, Munich). Other works include The Inundation in Vienna, (1862) Old Little Matron and Last Task of the Day (both in the Vienna Museum); and Soldiers in the Thirty Years' War (Prague Gallery). He most well-known work is the Market in Cairo, (1878) which is currently held in the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere in Vienna.
- Thornton, L., La Femme dans la Peinture Orientaliste, www.acr-edition.com, 1985, p. 248 (translated from French)
- Constantin von Wurzbach (1880). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich (in German). Theil. 41. Kaiserlich-königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien. p. 61-63. (Direct link to "p. 61")
- Thornton, L., Les Orientalistes I. Peintres Voyageurs, 1828–1908 Paris, 1983, p. 193
- Cyclopedia of Painters and Paintings,Champlin, Perkins, 1885
- H. Schöny: "Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Vol. 6, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1975, ISBN 3-7001-0128-7, p. 423 f. (Direct links to " ", " ") ". In:
- Orient: Österreichische Malerei zwischen 1848 und 1914, Salzburger Residenzgalerie, 1997, p. 373
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