Leopold Skulski

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Leopold Skulski
L Skulski.jpg
Leopold Skulski
Prime Minister of Poland
3rd Prime Minister of the Second Republic of Poland
In office
13 December 1919 – 9 June 1920
Preceded by Ignacy Paderewski
Succeeded by Władysław Grabski
Minister of Interior of Poland
In office
24 July 1920 – 28 June 1921
Preceded by Józef Kuczyński
Succeeded by Władysław Raczkiewicz
Personal details
Born (1877-11-15)15 November 1877
Zamość, Russian Empire
Died 1940 (aged 62–63)
Brest, Soviet Union
Nationality Polish
Political party Polish People's Party "Piast"
Occupation Politician, chemist
Religion Roman Catholicism

Leopold Skulski pronounced [lɛˈɔpɔlt ˈskulskʲi]; (15 November 1878, ZamośćBrest, likely in 1940) served as prime minister of Poland for six months from 13 December 1919 until 9 June 1920 in the interim Legislative Sejm during the formation of sovereign Second Polish Republic following World War One.[1]

Life[edit]

Skulski was involved in politics from at least the mid 1910s, and served as mayor of Łódź between 1917 an 1919. During the rebirth of sovereign Poland, he was active in the conservative Zjednoczenie Narodowe, representing the interests of landowners from Liga Narodowa.[2]

He became a deputy in the Polish parliament (Sejm) after the 1919 elections from the parliamentary wing of Narodowe Zjednoczenie Ludowe (NZL) which split from Zwiazek Ludowo Narodowy (ZLN) under his leadership,[3] and on 13 December 1919 he became the Prime Minister of Poland. His government resigned on 9 June 1920, in the aftermath of the failure of the Kiev Offensive and the success of the Bolshevik counteroffensive, in as much as the constitutional impasse resulting from the split of PSL "Wyzwolenie".[4] Skulski was also the Minister of Internal Affairs under the government of Wincenty Witos (from 24 July 1920 to 28 June 1921). He was a member of the State Tribunal of Poland from 1925. President of the Polish Radio in the 1930s, he did not take an active role in political life in the last decade of his life.

Death[edit]

During the Invasion of Poland he was arrested in Pińsk by the Soviet NKVD; shortly thereafter he died in the NKVD prison in Brest.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Szymon Rudnicki (1981). Działalność polityczna polskich konserwatystów 1918-1926 (PDF). Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich – Wydawnictwo. ISBN 83-04-00866-1. Wojna w nierównym stopniu odbiła się na poziomie życia ziemian. Niektórzy nawet dorobili się na dostawach wojskowych. Jednak na terenie Galicji i Królestwa wiele majątków zostało zniszczonych w wyniku działań wojennych. Najgorzej odczuły skutki wojny i rewolucji kresy wschodnie. Jednak, mimo strat wojennych, ziemiaństwo zachowało swą pozycję w życiu gospodarczym kraju. – From "Introduction" by Szymon Rudnicki 
  2. ^ Rudnicki 1981, p. 61 (of 285) in PDF.
  3. ^ Rudnicki 1981, p. 83 (of 285) in PDF.
  4. ^ Rudnicki 1981, p. 85 (of 285) in PDF.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ignacy Paderewski
Prime Minister of Poland
1919–1920
Succeeded by
Władysław Grabski