Lepisosteus

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Lepisosteus
Temporal range: 112–0 Ma
Early Cretaceous to Present[1]
Longnose gar.png
Longnose gar, Lepisosteus osseus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Lepisosteus

Lacepède, 1803
Species

See text

Synonyms[2][3]
  • Acus Catesby 1771 non Adams & Adams 1853 non Chen, Yang & Wilson 1989 non De Bomare 1791 non Gray 1847 non Humphrey 1797 non Müller 1766 non Müller 1774 non Plumier 1803 non (Swainson 1839)
  • Lepidosteus Koenig 1825 [Agassiz 1836; Lacépède 1803]
  • Pneumatosteus Cope 1869
  • Clastichthys Whitley 1940
  • Clastes Cope 1873 non Walckenaer 1833
  • Cylindrosteus (Rafinesque 1820)
  • Lepisosteus (Cylindrosteus) Rafinesque 1820
  • Psalidostomus Minding 1832
  • Sarchirus Rafinesque 1818
  • Sarcochirus Agassiz 1846
  • Squammosa Catesby 1771

Lepisosteus is a genus of gars in the family Lepisosteidae.

Distribution[edit]

While in the present day, Lepisosteus is only known across North America, fossil remains show it was much more widespread in the past, with specimens known from the Cretaceous of India and Brazil.

Systematics[edit]

Lepisosteidae
Atractosteus

A. tropicus

A. tristoechus

A. spatula

Lepisosteus

L. oculatus

L. platyrhincus

L. osseus

L. platostomus

Species[edit]

The currently recognized species are:[4]

Extant species[edit]

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Lepisosteus oculatus.jpg Lepisosteus oculatus Winchell 1864 Spotted gar North America
Longnose gar - panoramio.jpg Lepisosteus osseus Linnaeus 1758 Longnose gar east coast of North and Central America in freshwater lakes and as far west as Kansas and Texas and southern New Mexico
Shortnose Gar (Lepisosteus platostomus).jpg Lepisosteus platostomus Rafinesque 1820 Shortnose gar Montana to the west and the Ohio River to the east, southwards to the Gulf Coast.
Lepisosteus platyrhincus.JPG Lepisosteus platyrhincus DeKay 1842 Florida gar USA from the Savannah River and Ochlockonee River watersheds of Georgia and throughout peninsular Florida

Fossils[edit]


Three species formerly classified in Lepisosteus (Tropical gar, Cuban gar, and Alligator gar) are now assigned to the genus Atractosteus.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 363: 1–560. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2008-01-08.
  2. ^ Froese, R.; Pauly, D. (2017). "Lepisosteidae". FishBase version (02/2017). Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  3. ^ "Lepisosteidae" (PDF). Deeplyfish- fishes of the world. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  4. ^ Haaramo, Mikko (2007). "Lepisosteiformes – gars and relatives". Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. Retrieved 3 July 2017.

External links[edit]