Leptadenia pyrotechnica

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Leptadenia pyrotechnica
Leptadenia pyrotechnica Marco Schmidt 0771.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Leptadenia
Species: L. pyrotechnica
Binomial name
Leptadenia pyrotechnica
(Forssk.) Decne.

Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Hindi: खींप; Punjabi: ਖਿੱਪ) is the botanical name of a desert herb of the family Asclepiadaceae. It is widespread from Senegal to India.[1] It is known as khimp in Hindi and Urdu,"Khipp" in Punjabi.[2]

Being highly drought-resistant, Leptadenia pyrotechnica has played an important role in the desert afforestation programs. The herb khimp is a strong soil-binder and as such is one of the pioneer species in sand dune fixation.[3]


Leptadenia pyrotechnica leaves

The plant is used in thatching huts. The pods of this shrub, known as khimpoli (खींपोळी) in Hindi, ripe in the month of March which are of medicinal value and used as vegetables. The plant fiber is used for making ropes. The plant is browsed by all stock, but especially by camels for which it is considered a good fodder


See also[edit]

This plant Leptadenia pyrotechnica is mostly found in Arab sandy regions and major in Saudi Arabia and named in Arabic as (المرخ) or Al-Marqh. It was one of the plants used along with other (العفار) Al-Efaar as Fire Plough. It was also used in making huts and as camel food.



  1. ^ Flora of Pakistan, Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Forssk.) Decne. in Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. 2. 9:269. 1839. Boiss., Fl. Or. 4:63.1879; Bullock in Hutch., Dalziel & Hepper, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. ed. 2.2:98. 1963; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 73: 16.1970.
  2. ^ L R Burdak (1982): Recent advances in desert afforestation, Dehradun, p.66
  3. ^ L R Burdak (1982): Recent advances in desert afforestation, Dehradun, p.66

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