Leptanilla

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Leptanilla
Leptanilla.swani.-.wheeler.svg
L. swani queen and worker
Scientific classification
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Leptanilla

Emery, 1870
Diversity[1]
44 species
Synonyms

Leptomesites Kutter, 1948

Leptanilla is a genus of ant in the subfamily Leptanillinae. Like other genera in this subfamily, the queen is fed by the hemolymph of their own larvae, which have specialized processes for this purpose.[2]

Biology[edit]

Some species form colonies consisting of several hundred workers in the soil. They feed on small arthropods, including centipedes, and are rarely seen because they live underground and rarely come to the surface. In some species the queen is wingless, and new colonies form by budding from established colonies. Others have a nomadic life-style resembling that of army ants.[2]

Description[edit]

Leptanilla workers have no eyes, and are pale, yellow, and small.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Several species are found in North Africa, S. doderoi and S. revelierei in Corsica and Sardinia, S. havilandi and S. butteli in the Malay Peninsula, S. santschii in Java.[3] S. swani is the only Australian species that has been described.[2]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton, B. (2014). "Leptanilla". AntCat. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d Genus Leptanilla Australian Ants Online
  3. ^ Wheeler (1932): An Australian Leptanilla. Psyche 39: 53-58. PDF

External links[edit]