Cystignathus albilabris Günther, 1859
Leptodactylus albilabris is a species of frog in the Leptodactylidae family. Its local name is ranita de labio blanco or sapito de labio blanco ("white-lipped froglet") and English name either Gunther's white-lipped frog or Hispaniolan ditch frog. It is found in Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, the British Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
The white-lipped frog is a terrestrial (living on the ground) smooth-bodied frog (not warty like a toad) which passes through a tadpole stage. The tadpoles are brown colored, reaching about 1.5 inches (13 millimeters) in length. L. albilabris can be recognized by its white upper lip (hence the name albilabris), webless fingers and toes, black streak between the eyes and the tip of the snout and between eye and shoulder. In general, adults grow to 1.4 inches (3.5 centimeters) in snout-vent length, but like other Puerto Rican frogs the body size increases with elevation and adults of a snout-vent length greater than 2.0 inches (5.0 centimeters) are not rare in the higher regions of the El Yunque National Forest. Individuals have a grayish brown background color with dorsal lines and bands of various shades of brown, cream, and reddish brown. It is white ventrally, and some males have many dark spots on the throat. Its voice is a "pink-pink-pink" sound usually heard from a muddy area.
This frog's diet includes insects, millipedes and land snails. It lays terrestrial eggs, but they are laid in a foam nest on the ground, usually under a rock or log. Eggs develop into tadpoles, which are washed away by the first rains and finish their development in temporary pools, or bodies of water with low or no water movement.
This frog can usually be found in muddy areas near streams, marshes and ditches.
- Neftalí Ríos-Lopez (2010). "Leptodactylus albilabris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Leptodactylus albilabris (Günther, 1859)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- "White-Lipped Frog". 2003 Wildlife Facts. USDA Forest Service. 2003. Retrieved 22 October 2014. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Rivero, Juan A., 1978; The Amphibians and Reptiles of Puerto Rico, Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico