Les Adjots

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Les Adjots
Town hall
Town hall
Les Adjots is located in France
Les Adjots
Les Adjots
Coordinates: 46°04′39″N 0°12′26″E / 46.0775°N 0.2072°E / 46.0775; 0.2072Coordinates: 46°04′39″N 0°12′26″E / 46.0775°N 0.2072°E / 46.0775; 0.2072
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Charente
Arrondissement Confolens
Canton Ruffec
Intercommunality Ruffec
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Francis Grimaud
Area1 10.94 km2 (4.22 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 492
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 16002 /16700
Elevation 120–168 m (394–551 ft)
(avg. 130 m or 430 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Les Adjots is a French commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Adjotois or Adjotoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Location and access[edit]

Les Adjots is a commune located in the north of the department of Charente. It borders both neighbouring departments of Deux-Sèvres (northwest) and Vienne (north-east). It is located some 65 km south of Poitiers and 60 km north of Angoulême.

Traversed by the N10 west of the village running from north to south and by the parallel railway line along the eastern border of the commune, Les Adjots was on the road from Paris to Bordeaux as shown on plate 28 in the Atlas of Trudaine.[2]

The departmental roads D911 passes through the commune close to the N10 from the north and continues south to Ruffec. The D176 also runs from the village south-east to Taize-Aizie and the D305 runs west to La Paiziere.

The railway line Paris-Austerlitz to Bordeaux Saint-Jean passes through the eastern boundary of the commune. Ruffec is the nearest station.

Hamlets and localities[edit]

Northwest of the town of Adjots, Chez Branger is the largest hamlet in the commune. It is located on the former N10. North of the town there are Chez Chagnaud and Chez Machet and to the south La Cour, Les Robins, and Les Loges. In the south-west the hamlet of La Batarderie is separated from the rest of the commune by the N10.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[4][edit]

Geology and terrain[edit]

Geologically, the commune is located on Jurassic limestone of the Aquitaine Basin as is all of North-Charente. The Bathonian age appears on a small area east of the town, but the plateau is covered by alterite in the form of red flinty clay and locally by Oolite of iron south of the town.[5][6][7]

The relief of the commune is that of a plateau with an average altitude of 140m. The highest point of the commune is at an altitude of 168m located on the north-western boundary. The lowest point is 120m located on the south-eastern boundary (Bois de Vallons). Due to the nature of the karst soil there are also some depressions and sinkholes. The village is 127m above sea level.[3]

Hydrography[edit]

The town is located in the basin of the Charente but it has no watercourses or lakes.[3]

Climate[edit]

As in three-quarters south and west of the department, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine, slightly degraded in the north of the department near the Seuil du Poitou.

Vegetation[edit]

The territory is composed of 69% of agricultural land, 27% forests and semi-natural areas, and 4% of artificial areas.[8]

Toponymy[edit]

Attested in the Latinized form De Adjotis meaning "The gorse" in 1280[9]

The current spelling is explained by the medieval romanization of the old French word ajou (13th century) ajonc which actually dates back to the pre-Latin *ajaugone giving *ajon ( of where ajonc. It is spelt with a final C by analogy with jonc, from the Latin juncus) giving ajou.

There are at least two dialects in the region ajaillon and jogue (feminine form from *ajauga) more to the south.

History[edit]

Aerial photos show an ancient quadrangular building of unknown origin at a place called Le Tertre.[2]

Administration[edit]

Created in 1793, Les Adjots passed from the arrondissement of Angoulême to the arrondissement of Confolens on 1 January 2008.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Les Adjots[10]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2008 Josette Pacton
2008 2020 Francis Grimaud SE Retired on Social Security

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 475 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
661 683 646 749 896 - 821 864 942
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
879 810 781 744 727 690 690 695 601
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
593 580 562 520 512 502 494 469 512
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
513 488 515 453 448 390 440 475 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Les Adjots

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Les Adjots and Charente Department in 2009

Les Adjots Les Adjots Charente Charente
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 23.3 21.9 17.3 15.5
15 to 29 Years 9.8 15.7 16.4 14.4
30 to 44 Years 23.1 20.6 19.2 18.5
45 to 59 Years 16.1 17.0 22.2 21.5
60 to 74 Years 18.0 15.3 15.8 16.2
75 to 89 Years 9.0 9.1 8.6 12.3
90 Years+ 0.8 0.4 0.5 1.6

Sources:

After losing 45% of its population from 1851 to 1921 Les Adjots stabilized its population between 390 and 530 inhabitants.

Economy[edit]

Les Adjots is an agricultural commune with a few artisans, backhoe services, masons, and a painter.

In the village there is a grocery store.

Facilities[edit]

Education[edit]

The school is an inter-communal teaching group between Les Adjots and Taizé-Aizie with each hosting an elementary school.[11]

Medico-social[edit]

The IME Marc Signac is at La Tour.

Other services[edit]

Other services are found in Ruffec 8.5 km south.

Life in Adjots[edit]

Sport[edit]

The football club is a union between Taizé-Aizie and Les Adjots.

Communal and Employers Festival[edit]

The communal festival is at Easter and the employers festival on the first Sunday after 14 July.

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The Church of Adjots
  • The Church, a parish of the former diocese of Poitiers, dates from the 12th and 13th centuries and was restored in the 19th century.
  • The Pavillon Tower dates from the 17th century.

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

  • Auguste Merle (1855-1940), mayor of Saint-Junien, President of the Chamber of Notaries.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1] Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Charente (French)
  2. ^ a b Les Adjots Memories database, Ministry of Culture
  3. ^ a b c IGN map on Géoportail (French)
  4. ^ Google Maps
  5. ^ BRGM map on Géoportail
  6. ^ Infoterre Visualiser, BRGM website
  7. ^ Notice on Ruffec, BRGM, 1973, Infoterre, consulted on 7 January 2012 (French)
  8. ^ Source : EU – SOeS, CORINE Land Cover, 2006
  9. ^ Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymylogical Dictionary of placenames in France, Librairie Guénégaud 1979. p. 3. (French)
  10. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  11. ^ Academic Inspection Directorate website (French)