Lester Elliott Elgart
August 3, 1917
New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
|Died||July 29, 1995 (aged 77)|
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
|Relatives||Larry Elgart (brother)|
Lester Elliott Elgart (August 3, 1917 – July 29, 1995) was an American swing jazz bandleader and trumpeter.
Born in New Haven, Connecticut, Elgart grew up in Pompton Lakes, New Jersey with his brother Larry. They were exposed to musical influences early in their lives. Their mother, Bessie (Aisman) Elgart, was a concert pianist before her marriage to Arthur Elgart, a manufacturer's representative. She is said to have given a piano recital at Carnegie Hall, and at one time had her own music conservatory. At age 10, Les was attracted to bugling after joining the Cub Scouts. Later, he turned to the cornet, and then the trumpet. Both brothers attended Pompton Lakes High School, where Les was elected president of the school orchestra. He was playing professionally by the age of twenty.
The First Band
During the 1940s Les was a member of bands led by Raymond Scott, Charlie Spivak, and Harry James, occasionally finding himself alongside brother Larry. They formed their own orchestra in 1945, hiring Nelson Riddle, Ralph Flanagan, and Bill Finegan to write arrangements. The band signed with General Amusement Corporation for bookings, and in May 1945, made recordings in New York City at a V-Disc session. None of these were issued, however.
- This was a "sweet band" generally, and far removed from their swing style of a decade later. The band had a familiar Glenn Miller touch to its sound, only a slower tempo.
In mid-1946, Les signed with Musicraft Records but the recordings never made the hit parade. In October 1946, the band recorded a performance for Lang-Worth Transcriptions for radio broadcast. The band performed at venues in New York and northern New Jersey for the next two years, and recorded two singles for Bullet Records in March 1948. With the post-World War II decline in popularity of the big bands of the 30s and 40s, the Les Elgart Orchestra disbanded, and between 1949 and 1952, Les freelanced on record dates, worked in pick-up bands, and contracted for a few singers.
The Elgart Sound
- We wondered if this was it . . . if this was what we had to do to make a living in the music business. But we knew it wasn’t. And that’s why Les, I and Charlie started a new band with the determination that it had to happen.
With $1,000, they gathered sidemen and recorded three demo tracks to shop the record labels. In April 1953, Columbia Records A&R executive George Avakian liked what he heard, and signed the band to the label. ‘’Sophisticated Swing,’’ the band’s first album, was released that year. It enjoyed immediate success. The Elgart ensemble was lauded as "a new band with a handsome sound and smart arrangements." The band came from nowhere to third place in the 1954 DownBeat Magazine popularity poll, behind the Les Brown Band and the Ray Anthony Orchestra. Elgart displaced Anthony for second place in 1955 and again in 1956.
Over the next three years, the band released a half dozen albums and enjoyed success on tour, with many appearances on college campuses. The band's unique blend of brass and reeds became known as “The Elgart Sound.” The best selling albums were "The Elgart Touch" (1956) and "For Dancers Also" (1957), both of which reached the Top 15 on the LP charts. Among the band's popular tunes was "Bandstand Boogie", which was used by Dick Clark as the theme song for the ABC-TV dance show American Bandstand.
The band's first stereo recording in 1957 reflected a name change to Les and Larry Elgart and Their Orchestra. After the 1958 release of “Sound Ideas,” however, the brothers parted ways, and Larry formed his own band.
The popularity of the Les Elgart Orchestra remained strong. The band took second place, again behind Les Brown, in the 1959 DownBeat poll. In 1960, the band won the Cashbox Magazine award as the Most Programmed Band by America's Disc Jockeys, and the Billboard Magazine award as "America’s Favorite Band 1960 Outstanding Achievement in Recorded Music.”
The brothers reunited again in 1963, hiring arrangers Charles Albertine and Bobby Scott. The Les and Larry Elgart Orchestra attempted to align itself with popular music trends such as folk ("Big Band Hootenanny" 1963) and disco ("Elgart Au Go-Go" 1965). Its remaining releases, arrangements of contemporary hits, could be categorized as easy listening. The band performed on the radio between 1964 and 1966, and appeared on a Jackie Gleason television special featuring big bands in November 1966. Veteran Columbia Records producer Teo Macero produced the Elgarts' final three albums for the label. After 1967's The Wonderful World of Today’s Hits, Les and Larry parted again, this time for good.
In 1969, Larry was invited to London to make three records for Swampfire Records under the imprint of Les and Larry Elgart. The albums claimed a Nashville sound and bore no relationship to the Elgart Sound of the early 1950s.
Les Elgart lived in Chicago for several years, and Santa Monica and Hollywood Hills on the West Coast. He returned to Chicago, then relocated to Miami, and San Antonio, Texas. From his home in Dallas, Les continued to tour with his band, performing at colleges and conventions, and on cruises. In 1977 he married Joerene Ingram, who managed the band. In 1987 Les Elgart traveled to Brazil at the invitation of Brazilian radio program producer and Elgart biographer Joaquim Gaspar Machado.
Les continued to work until his death from heart failure, in Dallas, Texas, at age 77.
- Prom Date, Columbia E.P. CL 2503 (1954)
- Campus Hop, Columbia E.P. (1954)
- More of Les, Columbia E.P. (1955)
- Sophisticated Swing, Columbia CL-536 (1953)
- Just One More Dance, Columbia CL-594 (1954)
- The Band of the Year, Columbia CL-619 (1954)
- The Dancing Sound, Columbia CL-684 (1954)
- For Dancers Only, Columbia CL-803 (1955)
- The Elgart Touch, Columbia CL-875 (1956)
- The Most Happy Fella, Columbia CL-904 (1956)
- For Dancers Also, Columbia CL-1008 (1957)
- Les & Larry Elgart & Their Orchestra, Columbia CL-1052 (1958)
- Sound Ideas, Columbia CL-1123/CS-8002 (1958)
- Les Elgart On Tour, Columbia CL-1291/CS-8103 (1959)
- The Great Sound of Les Elgart, Columbia CL-1350/CS-8159 (1959)
- The Band with That Sound, Columbia CL-1450/CS-8245 (1960)
- Designs for Dancing, Columbia CL-1500/CS-8291 (1960)
- Half Satin Half Latin, Columbia CL-1567/CS-8367 (1960)
- It's De-Lovely, Columbia CL-1659/CS-8459 (1961)
- The Twist Goes to College, Columbia CL-1785/CS-8585 (1962)
- Best Band on Campus, Columbia CL-1890/CS-8690 (1962)
- Big Band Hootenany, Columbia CL-2112/CS-8912 (1963)
- Command Performance, Columbia CL-2221/CS-9021, (1964)
- The New Elgart Touch, Columbia CL-2301/CS-9101, (1965)
- Elgart au Go-Go, Columbia CL-2355/CS-9155, (1965)
- Sound of the Times, Columbia CL-2511/CS-9311, (1966)
- Warm and Sensuous, Columbia CL-2591/CS-9391 (1966)
- Girl Watchers, Columbia CL-2633/CS-9433 (1967)
- The Wonderful World of Today's Hits, Columbia CL-2780/CS-9580 (1967)
- American Bandstand, Priam PR-218 (1981)
- Nashville Country Piano, Swampfire SF-201 (1969)
- Nashville Country Brass, Swampfire SF-202 (1969)
- Nashville Country Guitars, Swampfire SF-203 (1969)
- Nashville Country Sound, Swampfire SF-207 (1970)
- "Les Elgart, 77, Dies; Led a Dance Band", The New York Times, July 31, 1995. Accessed September 3, 2017. "Les Elgart was born in New Haven and grew up in Pompton Lakes, N.J."
- Palmer, Richard F.; Garrod, Charles (1992). Les and Larry Elgart and Their Orchestras. Zephrhills, Florida: Joyce Record Club.
- Jackson, Kenneth T. "Elgart, Les(ter) Elliot" in The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, p. 147. Gale, 2000. ISBN 9780684806440. Accessed September 3, 2017. "During the 1930s the family moved several times, finally settling in Pompton Lakes, New Jersey, where the brothers attended Pompton Lakes High School."
- Steve Huey. "Artist Biography". AllAccess.com. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
- Liner notes, Les Elgart and His Orchestra - 1946, Richard F. Palmer, Circle Records CLP-126, released 1988.
- ”Li’l Liza Jane,” Sutton 283, “Nobody Knows The Trouble I’ve Seen,” Musicraft 15079/Sutton 283, “Mabel, Mabel,” Musicraft 15079/Sutton 283, and “I’m In The Mood For Love,” Sutton 283.
- The songs included were “Theme (To The Future),” “The Rickety Richshaw Man,” “The Cradle Song,” “Largo,” “Walkin’ My Baby Back Home,” “The Old Lamplighter,” “A-Huggin’ and A-Chalkin’,” “Dream, Dream, Dream,” “The Bells of St. Mary’s,” and “Mimi.” The program included vocals by The Tune Tellers. Another transcription from this period included “Chicken Lickin’,” “Evening Star,” “When Johnny Comes Marching Home,” “On, Brave Old Army Team,” “Clair De Lune,” “Hymn To The Sun,” “Drigo’s Serenade,” “Anvil Chorus,” “When The Saints Go Marching In,” “Greensleeves,” and “Goin’ Home.”
- “Doodle Doo Doo” b/w “I Left My Heart in Hartford,” Bullet 1025, and “I Went Down to Virginia” b/w “What Do You Want To Make Those Eyes At Me For?”, Bullet 1028.
- Columbia bought the demos and assigned master numbers: CO48933 “Big Man On Campus” (unreleased); CO48934 “Senior Hop” (released on “The Dancing Sound,” CL684); and CO48935 “My Heart Belongs To Daddy” (released on “Prom Date,” CL2503).
- "Down Beat Best Bets". DownBeat. December 30, 1953.
- "Dance Band". DownBeat. December 29, 1954. p. 26.
- "Dance Band". DownBeat. December 26, 1956. p. 21.
- Susan Fleet. "Elgart, Les(Ter) Elliot". encyclopedia.com. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
- "Favorites of the Year: Dance Band". DownBeat. December 24, 1959. p. 31.
- "Swingin' Your Way Soon--Les Elgart". DownBeat. April 27, 1961. p. 52.
- Elgart, Lynn; Elgart, Larry (2014). The Music Business and the Monkey Business: Recollections. Archway Publishing. ISBN 978-1480812086.
- Machado, Joaquim Gaspar (2014). O Som Elgart (The Elgart Sound). Scortecci. ISBN 978-85-366-3415-9.
- "Les Elgart, 77". The Baltimore Sun. August 1, 1995. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- Further reading