Les Hôpitaux-Vieux

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Les Hôpitaux-Vieux
Town hall
Town hall
Les Hôpitaux-Vieux is located in France
Les Hôpitaux-Vieux
Les Hôpitaux-Vieux
Coordinates: 46°47′24″N 6°22′03″E / 46.79°N 6.3675°E / 46.79; 6.3675Coordinates: 46°47′24″N 6°22′03″E / 46.79°N 6.3675°E / 46.79; 6.3675
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Doubs
Arrondissement Pontarlier
Canton Pontarlier
Intercommunality Mont d'Or et les Deux Lacs
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Louis Poix
Area1 14.21 km2 (5.49 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 392
 • Density 28/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 25308 / 25370
Elevation 959–1,300 m (3,146–4,265 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Les Hôpitaux-Vieux is a commune in the Doubs département in the Franche-Comté region in eastern France.


The commune is situated on the Roman road from Besançon to Italy.

The highest point in the commune is the Mont de l'Herba at 1303 m.


The history of the commune is linked to Jean de Chalon, Duke of Burgundy. He established a hospital, first designed to treat the wounded in battle, and then to combat leprosy and the plague, which raged from 1346 to 1349.

The two distance names of Hôpitaux-Vieux and Hôpitaux-Neufs first appear in a document of 1393.

The village was entirely destroyed in July 1639 in the Thirty Years' War. As late as 1688, there were still only 37 homes that had been rebuilt.

The village did not have its own church until 1664, but was dependent on the parish of Saint-Maurice.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 120 —    
1968 141 +17.5%
1975 140 −0.7%
1982 170 +21.4%
1990 245 +44.1%
1999 257 +4.9%
2008 353 +37.4%
2012 392 +11.0%


Agriculture was the principal activity in the commune until the end of the 20th century, when tourism became important because of the construction of the ski resort of Métabief-Mont d'Or.

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