Les Patineurs (waltz)

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Les Patineurs Valse or The Skaters' Waltz or Der Schlittschuhläufer-Walzer (German), Op. 183, is a waltz by Émile Waldteufel.

'Rink of Skaters' at the Bois de Boulogne.(Painted by Renoir, 1868)

Known in English as The Skaters' Waltz, it was composed in 1882 and was inspired by the Cercle des Patineurs or 'Rink of Skaters' at the Bois de Boulogne in Paris. His introduction to the waltz can be likened to the poise of a skater and the glissando notes invoke scenes of a wintry atmosphere. The other themes that follow are graceful and swirling, as if to depict a ring of skaters in their glory.[citation needed] Bells were also added for good measure to complete the winter scenery. It was published by Hopwood & Crew and was dedicated to Ernest Coquelin who was the younger brother of two celebrated actor brothers of the Comédie Française.

Key and structure[edit]

The overall key is A major. Among the subsections (Introduction - Waltzes 1, 2, 3 & 4 - Coda) the key alternates between the tonic (A major) and the subdominant (D major).

Introduction
 \relative g'' {
  \new PianoStaff <<
   \new Staff { \key fis \minor \time 6/8
    \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t
     \tempo "Andante." 8. = 64
    r2.\p r4 r8 r r16 \ottava #1 \set Staff.ottavation = #"8" e'32_\markup { brillante. }( fis gis a b cis d16) \ottava #0 r r d,32( cis b a gis fis e16) r r \ottava #1 \set Staff.ottavation = #"8" e'32( fis gis a b cis d16) \ottava #0 r r d,32( cis b a gis fis) e\ff([ fis gis a b cis d cis b a gis fis] e[ fis gis a b cis d cis b a gis fis])
   }
   \new Staff { \key fis \minor \time 6/8 \clef bass
    e,4. b4 b8 e,4.~\fermata_\markup { a tempo. } e8 r16 \clef treble gis''32( a b cis d e fis16) \ottava #0 r r fis,32( e d cis b a gis16) r r gis'32( a b cis d e fis16) \ottava #0 r r fis,32( e d cis b a) gis([ a b cis d e fis e d cis b a] gis[ a b cis d e fis e d cis b a])
   }
  >>
 }

Waltz 1
 \relative g'' {
  \new PianoStaff <<
   \new Staff { \key fis \minor \time 3/4
    \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t
     \tempo "espressivo." 2. = 64
    cis,,2.\p( e2 fis4) fis2.~ fis d2.\<( fis2 gis4\!) gis2.~\> gis\! b\p( a2 cis,4) e2.( <d fis>2 cis4) <cis gis'>2. <b gis'> <a a'>~ <a a'>4 r r
   }
   \new Staff { \key fis \minor \time 3/4 \clef bass
   a, <e' a> <e a> cis <e a> <e a> b <d e gis> <d e gis> e, <d' e gis> <d e gis> b <d e gis> <d e gis> e, <d' e gis> <d e gis> cis <e a> <e a> cis <e a> <e a> fis, <a' fis cis> <a fis cis> fis, <a' fis cis> <a fis cis> b, <a' fis d> <a fis d> b, <a' fis d> <a fis d>e, <d' e gis> <d e gis> e, <d' e gis> <d e gis> a <cis e> <cis e> <cis e> r r
   }
  >>
 }

Waltz 2
 \relative c' {
  \new PianoStaff <<
   \new Staff { \key b \minor \time 3/4
    \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t
     \tempo "" 2. = 64
      \partial 2
  fis8( a d fis b4) r a r \slashedGrace a8( a'4) r cis,,,2.->~ cis4 g'8( a cis e b'4) r a r \slashedGrace a8( a'4) r d,,,2.->~ d4 fis8( a d fis b4) r a r \slashedGrace a8( a'4) r cis,,,2.->~ cis4 \slashedGrace cis'8( cis'4) r eis,,2.~ eis4 \slashedGrace eis'8( eis'4) r fis,,2.~ fis4
   }
   \new Dynamics {
    s\f
      }
   \new Staff { \key b \minor \time 3/4 \clef bass \partial 2
      r4 r d, <fis a> <fis a> a, <fis' a> <fis a> e <g a> <g a> a, <g' a> <g a> e <g a> <g a> a, <g' a> <g a> d <fis a> <fis a> a, <fis' a> <fis a> d <fis a> <fis a> d <fis a> <fis a> cis <fis a> <fis a> cis <fis a cis> <fis a cis> cis <gis' b cis> <gis b cis> cis, <gis' b cis> <gis b cis> <fis a cis> r cis fis,
   }
  >>
 }

Waltz 3
 \relative c' {
  \new PianoStaff <<
   \new Staff { \key fis \minor \time 3/4
    \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t
     \tempo "" 2. = 64
   { cis''2._\markup { \italic espressivo. }( e,)  }
        <<
   {\voiceOne e2.->( dis2.)} 
    \new Voice
   {\voiceTwo a2.~ a2.}
        >>
\oneVoice b'2.( d,2.)
        <<
   {\voiceOne d2.->( cis)}
    \new Voice
   {\voiceTwo <a e>~ <a e>} 
        >>
\oneVoice b2_\markup { \italic cresc. }( cis4) d( gis4. fis8) fis2. eis b2( cis4) d\< cis'4.\! b8 a2. gis   
   }
   \new Dynamics {}
   \new Staff { \key fis \minor \time 3/4 \clef bass
    {a,,,4 <e' a cis> <e a cis> a,4 <e' a cis> <e a cis>}
<<
{\stemDown s4 <a b e> <a b e> s <a b dis> <a b dis> s <a b d> <a b d> s <gis b d> <gis b d> }
\\
{fis2. fis f e}
\\
{fis2. fis f e}
>>
{a,4 <e' a d> <e a d> a,4 <e' a cis> <e a cis> d <fis b> <fis b> b, <fis' b d> <fis b d> cis <gis' b fis'> <gis b fis'> cis, <gis' b eis> <gis b eis> d <fis b d> <fis b d> b, <fis' b d> <fis b d> }
<<
{\stemDown s4 <b d> <b d> s <b d> <b d>}
\\
{e,2. eis2.}
\\
{e2. eis2.}
>>
}
  >>
 }

Waltz 4
 \relative c' {
  \new PianoStaff <<
   \new Staff { \key b \minor \time 3/4
    \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t
     \tempo "" 2. = 64
      fis'2.( cis4 d fis) b,2.~ b g'( dis4 e g) cis,2.~ cis  \set crescendoText = \markup { \italic { cresc.  poco  a  poco} }
  \set crescendoSpanner = #'text \override DynamicTextSpanner.style = #'none a'\< eis4( fis a d,2.) cis4( d fis e,2.)\sf dis4\p( e a) d,2.~ d4 r r
   }
   \new Dynamics {
    s\mf
      }
   \new Staff { \key b \minor \time 3/4 \clef bass 
    << {\stemDown s4 <fis, a d> <fis a d> s4 <a d> <a d> s4 <b d> <b d> s2. s4 <g b e> <g b e> s4 <b e> <b e> s <cis e> <cis e>  s2. s4 <a cis> <a cis> s <a cis> <a cis> \once \stemUp b, <fis' b d> <fis b d> d <fis b d> <fis b d> s4 <g bes d> <g bes d> \once \stemUp a, <g' a cis> <g a cis> d <fis a> <fis a> <fis a> r r}
\\
{\slurUp d2. fis g fis4( g b e,2.) g a gis4( a cis fis,2.) fis s2. s e2.}
\\
{d2. fis g s2. e g a s2. fis fis s2. s e2.}>>
   } >> 
 }

Coda
 \relative c' {
  \new PianoStaff <<
   \new Staff { \key fis \minor \time 3/4
    \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t
     \tempo "" 2. = 64
     r2_\markup { \italic risoluto. } r4 r8 b' d fis b fis e2. r8 b d fis b fis e8 r \ottava #1 \set Staff.ottavation = #"8"
       \voiceTwo b''16( a gis fis e8) r \ottava #0 b16( a gis fis e8) r d16( cis b a gis8) r r4 r r2 r4
   }
   \new Dynamics {
    s2\ff s4 s8 s s s s s s2. s8 s s s s s s8 s s16_\markup { \italic brillante. }
      }
   \new Staff { \key fis \minor \time 3/4 \clef bass
      <gis, b d e>8 <gis b d e> <gis b d e>4 <gis b d e> <a b d fis>2. <gis b d e>8 <gis b d e> <gis b d e>4 <gis b d e> <a b d fis>2. <gis b d e>8 r r4 r r r d'16( cis b a gis8) r r4 r e,\p r r
   }
  >>
 }

Use in motion pictures[edit]

Les Patineurs Valse has featured in dozens of films from the earliest talkies to the present. These include The Hollywood Revue of 1929, My Favorite Wife, Chariots of Fire, A Simple Wish, My Beautiful Laundrette, Wife vs. Secretary, and many others. It was also played at Rose's "Coming-out" ball in London in the last episode of Season 4 of the TV show Downton Abbey, as well as in the episode "Secret Shopper" of the kids' TV show Fanboy & Chum Chum as the title characters pretended to skate across the wet floors of the Frosty Mart convenience store. It was also used in the original version of the children's television series Pingu in the third episode, The New Arrival, when the midwife is skating to the igloo to help the egg (Pinga) to hatch. It is also on the compilation Andy Williams Christmas Show DVD in a scene from his 1967 Christmas show on television, where Andy and others are skating on an indoor, sound-stage rink made to look like the outdoors; skating tricks were done by professional ice skaters in the Williams 1967 Christmas show.

Other uses[edit]

The music is played in every level of the NES game Antarctic Adventure.

A small part of it is played in the TV series Daredevil.

The Skater's Waltz is also a music record on Nintendogs + Cats.

This piece was remixed in Nintendo's 2005 video game Dance Dance Revolution Mario Mix, becoming a song called Rendezvous on Ice that plays when Mario is skating away from an avalanche down a mountain.

This piece was shortened in Sega's 2009 Wii video game Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games, which is a figure skating routine.

References[edit]

External links[edit]