Les Ponts-de-Martel

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Les Ponts-de-Martel
Les Ponts-de-Martel train station
Les Ponts-de-Martel train station
Coat of arms of Les Ponts-de-Martel
Coat of arms
Les Ponts-de-Martel is located in Switzerland
Les Ponts-de-Martel
Les Ponts-de-Martel
Les Ponts-de-Martel is located in Canton of Neuchâtel
Les Ponts-de-Martel
Les Ponts-de-Martel
Coordinates: 47°0′N 6°44′E / 47.000°N 6.733°E / 47.000; 6.733Coordinates: 47°0′N 6°44′E / 47.000°N 6.733°E / 47.000; 6.733
Country Switzerland
Canton Neuchâtel
District Le Locle
Area[1]
 • Total 18.23 km2 (7.04 sq mi)
Elevation 1,009 m (3,310 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 1,294
 • Density 71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Postal code 2316
SFOS number 6437
Surrounded by Brot-Plamboz, La Brévine, La Chaux-du-Milieu, La Sagne, Le Locle, Travers
Website www.lesponts-de-martel.ch
SFSO statistics

Les Ponts-de-Martel is a municipality in the district of Le Locle in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Les Ponts-de-Martel is first mentioned in 1360 as Martel.[3]

Geography[edit]

Aerial view of Les Ponts-de-Martel

Les Ponts-de-Martel has an area, as of 2009, of 18.2 square kilometers (7.0 sq mi). Of this area, 10.8 km2 (4.2 sq mi) or 59.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 5.56 km2 (2.15 sq mi) or 30.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.85 km2 (0.33 sq mi) or 4.7% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.07 km2 (17 acres) or 0.4% is either rivers or lakes and 0.97 km2 (0.37 sq mi) or 5.3% is unproductive land.[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 2.2% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.6%. Out of the forested land, 27.1% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.4% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 3.8% is used for growing crops and 39.9% is pastures and 15.5% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.[4]

The municipality is located in the Le Locle district, on the north side of the Vallée de la Sagne et des Ponts. It consists of the village of Les Ponts-de-Martel and the hamlets of Martel-Dernier and Petit-Martel. The settlement of Le Joratel went to the municipality of Brot-Plamboz in 1920.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per fess, Azure a Bridge Argent and Gules a Hammer Or in bend sinistre.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Les Ponts-de-Martel has a population (as of December 2016) of 1,294.[2] As of 2008, 6.5% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of 1%. It has changed at a rate of 0.2% due to migration and at a rate of 1.1% due to births and deaths.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (1,215 or 93.7%) as their first language, German is the second most common (47 or 3.6%) and Albanian is the third (7 or 0.5%). There are 6 people who speak Italian and 1 person who speaks Romansh.[8]

As of 2008, the population was 48.7% male and 51.3% female. The population was made up of 565 Swiss men (44.7% of the population) and 51 (4.0%) non-Swiss men. There were 610 Swiss women (48.2%) and 39 (3.1%) non-Swiss women.[9] Of the population in the municipality, 604 or about 46.6% were born in Les Ponts-de-Martel and lived there in 2000. There were 373 or 28.8% who were born in the same canton, while 174 or 13.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 102 or 7.9% were born outside of Switzerland.[8]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 27% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 53.3% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 19.7%.[7]

As of 2000, there were 532 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 601 married individuals, 110 widows or widowers and 54 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000, there were 497 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.4 persons per household.[7] There were 155 households that consist of only one person and 60 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 482 apartments (82.7% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 56 apartments (9.6%) were seasonally occupied and 45 apartments (7.7%) were empty.[10] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.67%.[7]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][11]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 30.81% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (21.3%), the LPS Party (17.23%) and the FDP (10.89%). In the federal election, a total of 560 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 59.4%.[12]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Les Ponts-de-Martel had an unemployment rate of 4.1%. As of 2008, there were 82 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 36 businesses involved in this sector. 91 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 24 businesses in this sector. 271 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 46 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 591 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 43.5% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 358. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 68, of which 67 were in agriculture and 1 was in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 79 of which 42 or (53.2%) were in manufacturing and 37 (46.8%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 211. In the tertiary sector; 73 or 34.6% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 24 or 11.4% were in the movement and storage of goods, 8 or 3.8% were in a hotel or restaurant, 1 was in the information industry, 3 or 1.4% were the insurance or financial industry, 5 or 2.4% were technical professionals or scientists, 17 or 8.1% were in education and 69 or 32.7% were in health care.[13]

In 2000, there were 265 workers who commuted into the municipality and 278 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 1.0 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. About 24.9% of the workforce coming into Les Ponts-de-Martel are coming from outside Switzerland.[14] Of the working population, 11.7% used public transportation to get to work, and 51.1% used a private car.[7]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 121 or 9.3% were Roman Catholic, while 748 or 57.7% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 2 members of an Orthodox church (or about 0.15% of the population), there were 3 individuals (or about 0.23% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 291 individuals (or about 22.44% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 9 (or about 0.69% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 4 individuals who were Buddhist and 5 individuals who belonged to another church. 213 (or about 16.42% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 45 individuals (or about 3.47% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Education[edit]

In Les Ponts-de-Martel about 472 or (36.4%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 111 or (8.6%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 111 who completed tertiary schooling, 64.9% were Swiss men, 20.7% were Swiss women, 9.0% were non-Swiss men and 5.4% were non-Swiss women.[8]

In the canton of Neuchâtel most municipalities provide two years of non-mandatory kindergarten, followed by five years of mandatory primary education. The next four years of mandatory secondary education is provided at thirteen larger secondary schools, which many students travel out of their home municipality to attend.[15] The kindergarten in Les Ponts-de-Martel is combined with Brot-Plamboz. During the 2010-11 school year, there were 2 kindergarten classes with a total of 34 students between the municipalities. In the same year, there were 5 primary classes with a total of 87 students.[16]

As of 2000, there were 61 students in Les Ponts-de-Martel who came from another municipality, while 53 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[14]

Notable residents[edit]

The village was the original home of the Swiss watchmaker Mathey-Tissot.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Les Ponts-de-Martel in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 24-October-2011
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 Archived June 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 24-October-2011
  8. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived August 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ Canton of Neuchatel Statistics, République et canton de Neuchâtel - Recensement annuel de la population (in German) accessed 13 October 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived September 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived September 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived May 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 May 2010
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived December 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  14. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (in German) accessed 24 June 2010
  15. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  16. ^ Statistical Department of the Canton of Neuchâtel Mémento de l'année scolaire 2010/2011 (in French) accessed 17 October 2011