Upsilon Scorpii

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Upsilon Scorpii
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Scorpius constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of υ Scorpii (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Scorpius
Right ascension 17h 30m 45.83712s[1]
Declination –37° 17′ 44.9285″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 2.70[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B2 IV[3]
U−B color index –0.854[2]
B−V color index –0.221[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +8.0[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –2.37[1] mas/yr
Dec.: 30.09[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 5.66 ± 0.18[1] mas
Distance 580 ± 20 ly
(177 ± 6 pc)
Details
Mass 11.4 ± 0.5[5] M
Radius 6.1[6] R
Temperature 22,831 ± 169[6] K
Age 20.0 ± 2.6[5] Myr
Other designations
υ Sco, 34 Sco, 34 Scorpii, CD-37 11638, HD 158408, HIP 85696, HR 6508, SAO 208896.[7]

Upsilon Scorpii (υ Scorpii, abbreviated Upsilon Sco, υ Sco), also named Lesath,[8] is a star located in the "stinger" of the southern zodiac constellation of Scorpius, the scorpion. On the night sky it lies near the 1.6 magnitude star Lambda Scorpii, and the two form an optical pair that is sometimes called the "Cat's Eyes".[9]

Nomenclature[edit]

υ Scorpii (Latinised to Upsilon Scorpii) is the star's Bayer designation.

It bore the traditional name Lesath (alternatively spelled Leschath, Lesuth), from the Arabic las'a "pass (or bite) of a poisonous animal"; but this is a miscorrection by Scaliger (a European astronomer who knew Arabic) for earlier "Alascha", which came from Arabic al laţkha "the foggy patch", referring to the nearby open cluster M7. In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[10] to catalogue and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN approved the name Lesath for this star on 21 August 2016 and it is now so entered in the IAU Catalog of Star Names.[8]

Together with Lambda Scorpii (Shaula), Lesath is listed in the Babylonian compendium MUL.APIN as dSharur4 u dShargaz, meaning "Sharur and Shargaz".[11] In Coptic, they were called Minamref[12] The indigenous Boorong people of northwestern Victoria named it as Karik Karik (together with Lambda Scorpii),[13] "the Falcons"[14]

Namesake[edit]

USS Lesuth (AK-125) was a United States Navy Crater class cargo ship named after the star.

Properties[edit]

This star has apparent magnitude +2.7[2] and belongs to spectral class B2 IV,[3] with the luminosity class of 'IV' indicating it is a subgiant star. From parallax measurements, it is approximately 580 light years from the Sun.[1] The star's luminosity is 12,300[15] times that of the Sun, while its surface temperature is 22,831[6] kelvins. The star has a radius of 6.1[6] times solar and 11[5] times the mass of the Sun.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752free to read, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357 
  2. ^ a b c d Gutierrez-Moreno, Adelina; Moreno, Hugo (June 1968), "A photometric investigation of the Scorpio-Centaurus association", Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 15: 459, Bibcode:1968ApJS...15..459G, doi:10.1086/190168 
  3. ^ a b Houk, Nancy; Smith-Moore, M. (1979), Michigan catalogue of two-dimensional spectral types for the HD stars, 3, Ann Arbor, Michigan: Dept. of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Bibcode:1982mcts.book.....H 
  4. ^ Wielen, R.; et al. (1999), Sixth Catalogue of Fundamental Stars (FK6). Part I. Basic fundamental stars with direct solutions (35), Astronomisches Rechen-Institut Heidelberg, Bibcode:1999VeARI..35....1W 
  5. ^ a b c Tetzlaff, N.; Neuhäuser, R.; Hohle, M. M. (January 2011), "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 410 (1): 190–200, arXiv:1007.4883free to read, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x 
  6. ^ a b c d Underhill, A. B.; et al. (November 1979), "Effective temperatures, angular diameters, distances and linear radii for 160 O and B stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 189: 601–605, Bibcode:1979MNRAS.189..601U, doi:10.1093/mnras/189.3.601 
  7. ^ "ups Sco -- Star", SIMBAD, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2012-01-01 
  8. ^ a b "IAU Catalog of Star Names". Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  9. ^ Schaaf, Fred (2007), The 50 best sights in astronomy and how to see them: observing eclipses, bright comets, meteor showers, and other celestial wonders, John Wiley and Sons, p. 95, ISBN 0-471-69657-9 
  10. ^ IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN), International Astronomical Union, retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  11. ^ Rogers, J. H. (February 1998), "Origins of the ancient constellations: I. The Mesopotamian traditions", Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 108 (1): 9–28, Bibcode:1998JBAA..108....9R 
  12. ^ p. 1678, Burnham's Celestial Handbook: An Observer's Guide to the Universe Beyond the Solar System, Volume 3, Robert Burnham, New York, Dover Publication, Inc., 1978.
  13. ^ Hamacher, Duane W.; Frew, David J. (2010). "An Aboriginal Australian Record of the Great Eruption of Eta Carinae" (PDF). Journal of Astronomical History & Heritage. 13 (3): 220–34. arXiv:1010.4610free to read. Bibcode:2010JAHH...13..220H. 
  14. ^ Stanbridge, WM (1857). "On the Astronomy and Mythology of the Aboriginies of Victoria" (PDF). Transactions Philosophical Institute Victoria. 2: 137–140. 
  15. ^ Kaler, James B., "LESATH (Upsilon Scorpii)", Stars, University of Illinois, retrieved 2012-01-28