Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners
|Formation||30 June 1984|
|Founder||Mark Ashton, Mike Jackson|
|Headquarters||Gay's The Word, then The Fallen Angel|
|Secessions||Lesbians Against Pit Closures|
Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners (LGSM) was an alliance of lesbians and gay men who supported National Union of Mineworkers during the year-long strike of 1984–1985. By the end of the strike, eleven different LGSM groups had emerged throughout the UK, with the London group alone raising £22,500 by 1985 (equivalent to £69,000 in 2019) in support.
During the strike, the Thatcher administration sequestered the funds of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), meaning that it was pointless for supporters of the strike to send donations to the national union. Instead, support groups throughout the UK were encouraged to "twin" directly with the various mining communities in England, Scotland and Wales. Among these organisations, the LGSM was formed by Mark Ashton and his friends, after the two men collected donations for the miners at the 1984 Lesbian and Gay Pride march in London. The London LGSM group met and fundraised in numerous locations, including the Gay's the Word bookshop. The group grew rapidly and moved out of Gay's The Word to a larger venue: The Fallen Angel, a gay pub in Graham Street, Islington. The London group was twinned with the Neath, Dulais and Swansea Valleys Miners Support Groups.
In November 1984, a group of lesbians broke away from LGSM to form a separate group, Lesbians Against Pit Closures, although some lesbians remained active in the LGSM campaign rather than joining the women-only group.
In addition to raising approximately £22,500 for the families who were on strike, there were reciprocal visits. The largest single fundraising event that LGSM organised was the "Pits and Perverts" benefit concert, which was held in the Electric Ballroom in Camden Town, London on 10 December 1984. The event was headlined by Bronski Beat and its lead singer, Jimmy Somerville. The title of the benefit is claimed by many to have originated as a headline in the British tabloid The Sun, but this remains unproven and probably erroneous.
The alliances which the campaign forged between the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community and British labour groups proved to be an important turning point in the progression of LGBT issues in the United Kingdom. Miners' labour groups began to support, endorse and participate in various gay pride events throughout the UK, including leading London's Lesbian and Gay Pride parade in 1985. Additionally, at the 1985 Labour Party conference in Bournemouth, a resolution committing the party to the support of LGBT rights passed, due to block voting support from the National Union of Mineworkers. The miners' groups were also among the most outspoken allies of the LGBT community in the 1988 campaign against Section 28.
An archive of the London group's work is kept at the People's History Museum in Manchester, England. It includes the minutes of the weekly meetings, correspondence, press cuttings, publicity material, enamel badges, photographs and the group's banner.
The London group's alliance with the Welsh mining village of Onllwyn is dramatised in the 2014 film, Pride, which was directed by Matthew Warchus. Several of the surviving group members participated in the film's promotion.
In 2015, following the film's release, the surviving members of the organisation held a 30th anniversary reunion to raise funds for the Mark Ashton Fund, an HIV/AIDS charitable fund administered by the Terrence Higgins Trust. The group was chosen to lead the 2015 Birmingham Pride parade, in recognition of their historic status. They were also slated to lead the 2015 Pride in London parade, but withdrew in favour of marching further back in the parade after organisers refused to allow other affiliated groups, such as trade union contingents, to march immediately alongside the LGSM. They also accepted invitations to 2015 Pride marches in Derry, Doncaster, Newcastle upon Tyne, Sunderland, Norwich, Liverpool Pride, Belfast and Leeds Pride.
LGSM announced on 9 October 2015 that the group would "wind down as a current campaigning force", saying that they did not want to become "a LGBT version of the British Legion". The group elected four original core members to carry the legacy of the group onwards. These were Mike Jackson (Secretary), Dave Lewis (Press Officer), Martin Goodsell and Brett Haran (both Treasurers). The remit of the four is to continue fundraising by selling merchandise (t-shirts, badges, the book Pride, etc.); respond to speaker requests; develop and maintain the website and to attend directly related mineworkers' legacy events such as the Durham Miners' Gala. The legacy group gained the approval of a substantial majority of the former members in supporting Jeremy Corbyn as Labour leader in August 2016.
Pride the book
The group were approached in 2016 by UK publisher John Blake Books to produce a book about LGSM and they accepted. Author Tim Tate was chosen. He made extensive audio recordings of original members of LGSM and the mining families and activists they twinned with in South Wales. These verbatim interviews are woven together with the author's explanatory narrative. The book was published in 2017 by John Blake, it is available both in paperback and digital editions.
- Fisher 2014.
- Kelliher 2014.
- Hartley 2016.
- Hall–Carpenter Archives 1989, p. 215–216.
- Clews 2012. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFClews2012 (help)
- Robinson 2007.
- Frost 2014.
- Doward 2014.
- Kellaway 2014.
- Healy 2014.
- "Groups who inspired Pride film reunite after 30 years". BBC News. 15 March 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Tabberer, Jamie (17 March 2015). "Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners to lead this year's Birmingham Pride march". Gay Star News.
- Payton, Naith (24 May 2015). "Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners to lead this year's London Pride". PinkNews.
- Conway, Terry (8 June 2015). "Pride 2015 and Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners". Left Unity.
- "Ten Years and Going Strong". Doncaster Pride. 2017.
- Metcalfe, Will (10 July 2015). "Group who inspired hit film Pride set to lead the Newcastle Pride parade". ChronicleLive.
- Duke, Simon (27 September 2015). "Sunderland Pride: Hundreds turn out to annual event on Wearside". ChronicleLive.
- "Lesbians & Gays Support the Miners". Norwich Pride. 2015.
- Clews, Colin (6 August 2015). "LGSM at Leeds Pride". lgsm.org.
- Lewis, Dave (October 2015). "Important statement on the future of LGSM". lgsm.org.
- Lewis, Dave (11 August 2016). "LGSM statement of support for Jeremy Corbyn's campaign to be re-elected Leader of the Labour Party". lgsm.org.
- Tate 2017.
- Blain, Terence (9 October 2013). "Pits and Perverts by Micheál Kerrigan". Irish Theatre Magazine. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014.
- Clarke, Cath (12 September 2014). "Meet the people who inspired 'Pride'". Time Out London.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Clews, Colin (10 September 2012). "1984. Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners. Part One". Gay in the 80s.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Clews, Colin (13 September 2012). "1985. Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners. Part Two". Gay in the 80s.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Clews, Colin (27 May 2013). "1984. 'Pits and Perverts' Benefit Concert". Gay in the 80s.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Clews, Colin (15 September 2014). "1984. Politics: Lesbians Against Pit Closures". Gay in the 80s.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Doward, Jamie (21 September 2014). "The real-life triumphs of the gay communist behind hit movie Pride". The Guardian.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Field, Nicola (19 August 2014). "New film Pride tells an extraordinary story of solidarity in struggle". Socialist Worker.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Field, Nicola (1995). Over the Rainbow: Money, Class and Homophobia. London: Pluto Press. pp. 163–165. ISBN 978-0-7453-0826-5. OL 7955132M.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Field, Nicola (26 November 2013). "Veteran activists remember LGBT solidarity with miners". Socialist Worker.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Fisher, Emily (29 September 2014). "Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners material at the People's History Museum". PHMMcr.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Francis, Hywel (2015) [1st pub. Iconau:2009]. History on our Side: Wales and the 1984-85 Miners' Strike. London: Lawrence and Wishart. ISBN 978-1-910448-15-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Frost, Peter (11 September 2014). "'Pits and Perverts:' The Legacy of Communist Mark Ashton". Morning Star.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Goodspeed, Ray (3 October 2014). "Here We Go! – Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners 1984-1985". Left Unity.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Hall–Carpenter Archives (1989). Walking After Midnight: Gay Men's Life Stories. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-02957-5. OL 15164674W.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Hartley, Eve (29 February 2016). "LGBT History Month: How One Bookshop Battled Homophobic Attacks While Supporting The Miners Strike". The Huffington Post.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Healy, Patrick (18 September 2014). "An Unlikely Alliance at the Barricades: 'Pride' Recalls Alliance Between Gay Activists and Miners". The New York Times.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Jones, Owen (23 December 2014). "Heroes of 2014: Mike Jackson of Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners". The Guardian.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Kellaway, Kate (31 August 2014). "When miners and gay activists united: the real story of the film Pride". The Guardian.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Kelliher, Diarmaid (2014). "Solidarity and Sexuality: Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners 1984–5". History Workshop Journal. Oxford Journals. 77 (1): 240–262. doi:10.1093/hwj/dbt012. S2CID 41955541.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Knight, Karina (10 September 2014). "Pride! The power of solidarity". Solidarity.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Leeworthy, Daryl (5 March 2015). "'Don't worry about him, he's a Scargill man': The Miners' Strike and after". History On The Dole. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 5 March 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Nelson, Jeff (10 October 2014). "Meet the Real-Life Heroes Who Inspired the Movie Pride". People.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Robinson, Lucy (2007). Gay men and the left in post-war Britain: how the personal got political. Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-7434-9. OL 21837097M.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Tate, Time (2017). Pride: The Unlikely Story of the True Heroes of the Miners' Strike. John Blake Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-78606-291-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Volfson, Olga (16 May 2018). "À Londres, la jeune génération queer s'empare de " Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners " après le film " Pride "". Komitid (in French).
- Wilson, Colin (21 September 2014). "Dear Love of Comrades: The politics of Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners". rs21.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to LGSM.|