Leslie, Arkansas

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Leslie, Arkansas
Location of Leslie in Searcy County, Arkansas
Location of Leslie in Searcy County, Arkansas
Coordinates: 35°49′47″N 92°33′28″W / 35.82972°N 92.55778°W / 35.82972; -92.55778Coordinates: 35°49′47″N 92°33′28″W / 35.82972°N 92.55778°W / 35.82972; -92.55778
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountySearcy
Area
 • Total0.76 sq mi (1.97 km2)
 • Land0.76 sq mi (1.96 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,020 ft (311 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total441
 • Estimate 
(2017)[2]
415
 • Density547.49/sq mi (211.45/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72645
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-39460
GNIS feature ID0077477

Leslie is a city in Searcy County, Arkansas, United States. Located within the Boston Mountains, the most rugged subset of The Ozarks, the city was founded as a railroad and lumber town. Renamed from the original Wiley's Cove in 1887, the city saw prosperity relating to these industries through the 1920s. Today, this history is available to residents and visitors in the form of several properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places throughout the city. The population was 441 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Leslie is located at 35°49′47″N 92°33′28″W / 35.82972°N 92.55778°W / 35.82972; -92.55778 (35.829662, -92.557788).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all land.

Major highway[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,898
19201,472−22.4%
1930657−55.4%
194077918.6%
1950610−21.7%
1960506−17.0%
197056311.3%
1980501−11.0%
1990446−11.0%
20004828.1%
2010441−8.5%
Est. 2017415[2]−5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 482 people, 224 households, and 127 families residing in the city. The population density was 645.6 people per square mile (248.1/km²). There were 278 housing units at an average density of 372.3 per square mile (143.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.38% White, 0.21% Native American, and 0.41% from two or more races. 1.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 224 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.9% were non-families. 40.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $14,485, and the median income for a family was $21,607. Males had a median income of $23,250 versus $15,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,446. About 23.9% of families and 31.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.7% of those under age 18 and 25.5% of those age 65 or over.

Leslie is the home of the Qumran Bet Community, one of only a few Karaite Jewish communities outside Israel.[6]

History[edit]

In 1819 Arkansas was separated from Missouri, but was still included in what is now Oklahoma. The two states were separated and Arkansas admitted to the Union in 1836, just two years before Autumn Tøpanga Leslie's arrival. The Indians were peaceful and cooperative in Wiley's Cove. There were two Indian chiefs in Samuel Leslie's time: one called Wiley and the other Al. The Leslie area was called Wiley's Cove after Chief Wiley, and Al's Cove was in the Rumley area. Samuel built a small house on land in which he lived temporarily while the Indians moved aside, and then he built a two-story southern type home with a separate kitchen and slave quarters. This house was located where the Legion Hut now stands; the well at the north corner of the hut was the original well for the Samuel Leslie homestead. He also owned a store and trading post nearby. It is said he gave away some of the land to encourage other settlers to come into the community. The name Wiley's Cove was changed to Leslie by the Postal Department on November 9, 1887. Andrew Jackson Leslie requested the name to be changed in honor of his father, Samuel Leslie.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Leslie is served by the Searcy County School District.[7] The zoned schools are Marshall ABC Preschool, Marshall Elementary School, Leslie Intermediate School, and Marshall High School.

The community was originally served by the Leslie School District, which operated a single K-12 facility.[8] On July 1, 2004, the Leslie district and the Marshall School District consolidated to form the Searcy County School District,[9] with the Marshall district annexing Leslie. This was done because the Leslie district had fewer than 350 students and an Arkansas law passed in 2004 required school districts to have at least 350 students. Leslie High School closed in 2007, and high school students moved to Marshall HS. Originally a PreK-6 school named Leslie Elementary School, the remaining school in Leslie was reconfigured in 2012 as a 5-6 school named Leslie Intermediate School now serving the entire Searcy County district, and it was reconfigured as 4-6 in 2014. In 2012 Marshall Elementary School in Marshall was reconfigured as a lower elementary school serving the whole district.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ http://www.webring.com/hub?ring=karaitejudaism
  7. ^ School District Reference Map (2010 Census) Searcy County, AR (PDF) (Map). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
  8. ^ "Leslie Public School." Leslie School District. June 4, 2003. Retrieved on October 16, 2017.
  9. ^ "ConsolidationAnnex_from_1983.xls." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on October 13, 2017.
  10. ^ "Executive Summary Searcy County Public Schools." AdvancED. p. 2 (PDF p. 4). Retrieved on October 16, 2017.

External links[edit]