Leslie, Arkansas

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Leslie, Arkansas
City
Location in Searcy County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Searcy County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 35°49′47″N 92°33′28″W / 35.82972°N 92.55778°W / 35.82972; -92.55778Coordinates: 35°49′47″N 92°33′28″W / 35.82972°N 92.55778°W / 35.82972; -92.55778
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Searcy
Area
 • Total 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
 • Land 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,020 ft (311 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 441
 • Density 688.6/sq mi (253.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 72645
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-39460
GNIS feature ID 0077477

Leslie is a city in Searcy County, Arkansas, United States. Located within the Boston Mountains, the most rugged subset of The Ozarks, the city was founded as a railroad and lumber town. Renamed from the original Wiley’s Cove in 1887, the city saw prosperity relating to these industries through the 1920s. Today, this history is available to residents and visitors in the form of several properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places throughout the city. The population was 441 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Leslie is located at 35°49′47″N 92°33′28″W / 35.82972°N 92.55778°W / 35.82972; -92.55778 (35.829662, -92.557788).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.

Major Highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,898
1920 1,472 −22.4%
1930 657 −55.4%
1940 779 18.6%
1950 610 −21.7%
1960 506 −17.0%
1970 563 11.3%
1980 501 −11.0%
1990 446 −11.0%
2000 482 8.1%
2010 441 −8.5%
Est. 2014 418 [2] −5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 482 people, 224 households, and 127 families residing in the city. The population density was 645.6 people per square mile (248.1/km²). There were 278 housing units at an average density of 372.3 per square mile (143.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.38% White, 0.21% Native American, and 0.41% from two or more races. 1.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 224 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.9% were non-families. 40.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $14,485, and the median income for a family was $21,607. Males had a median income of $23,250 versus $15,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,446. About 23.9% of families and 31.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.7% of those under age 18 and 25.5% of those age 65 or over.

Leslie is the home of the Qumran Bet Community, one of only a few Karaite Jewish communities outside Israel.[5]

History[edit]

In 1819 Arkansas was separated from Missouri, but still included in what is now Oklahoma. The two states were separated and Arkansas admitted to the Union in 1836, just two years before Sam Leslie's arrival. The Indians were peaceful and cooperative in Wiley's Cove. There were two Indian chiefs in Samuel Leslie's time: one called Wiley and the other was Al. The Leslie area was called Wiley's Cove after Chief Wiley, and Al's Cove was in the Rumley area. Samuel built a small house on land in which he lived temporarily while the Indians moved aside, and then he built a two story southern type home with a separate kitchen and slave quarters. This house was located where the Legion Hut now stands; the well at the north corner of the hut was the original well for the Samuel Leslie homestead. He also owned a store and trading post nearby. It is said he gave away some of the land to encourage other settlers to come into the community. The name Wiley's Cove was changed to Leslie by the Postal Department on November 9, 1887. Andrew Jackson Leslie requested the name to be changed in honor of his father, Samuel Leslie.

The following is documented and was submitted to Wikipedia on May 20, 2015

A land patent filed by Samuel B. Leslie for 42.63 acres with final receipt dated Oct. 25, 1886 . [6] According to a Will in Probate Court dated 12th day of January 1897, died in his home on the 30th day of August, 1896. [7]

On February 9th 1903, citizens of Leslie, AR petitioned the court asking that certain territory be incorporated as the town of Leslie, Searcy County, AR. [8] and petition was signed by 20 qualified voters. Ordered, adjudged and considered by the court that said petition be granted and allowed, signed by J. A. Moore, County Judge, Searcy County, Ark.

In the 1920's Leslie was booming during the years the railroad was here and the population was app. 20,000 or more and were 3 saw mills, one which produce pickle barrels. [9] When the railroad pulled out, the towns population plummeted due to people having to move away to find work.

Education[edit]

Leslie is served by the Searcy County School District.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ http://www.webring.com/hub?ring=karaitejudaism
  6. ^ recorded in the Homestead Entry Book "B", page 78 in the office of Circuit Clerk, Searcy County, Arkansas and purports to be a copy of the United States Land Records at Harrison, Arkansas.
  7. ^ Will of Probate recorded Book "A-2", pages 551-553 In the office of Circuit Clerk, Searcy County, AR.
  8. ^ filed and recorded in Book "I" page 145 of the records of deeds of Searcy County, AR.
  9. ^ as stated by several of the old timers who were born, raised, lived and died in the area.
  10. ^ School District Reference Map (2010 Census) Searcy County, AR (PDF) (Map). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 

External links[edit]