Leslie Barns

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Leslie Barns
Leslie Barns 24835709101.jpg
Location1165 Lake Shore Boulevard East
Toronto, Ontario
Coordinates43°39′31″N 79°19′37″W / 43.65861°N 79.32694°W / 43.65861; -79.32694Coordinates: 43°39′31″N 79°19′37″W / 43.65861°N 79.32694°W / 43.65861; -79.32694
Owned byCity of Toronto
Operated byToronto Transit Commission
Structure typeFlexity Outlook streetcar maintenance and storage facility
Other information
Opened22 November 2015 (2015-11-22)[1]
Route map

Leslie Barns is a streetcar maintenance and storage facility at the southeast corner of Leslie Street and Lake Shore Boulevard[2] in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It has been built to house and service the majority of Toronto Transit Commission's fleet of Flexity Outlook light rail vehicles.[3]


While the existing Roncesvalles Carhouse and Russell Carhouse will house some of the vehicles, these older facilities cannot accommodate the entire fleet of Flexity streetcars, which are considerably longer than the Canadian Light Rail Vehicle/Articulated Light Rail Vehicle fleet.[4][5][6][7]

The maintenance facilities at the Harvey Shops within the Hillcrest Complex, as at the two carhouses, are designed for cars with underfloor equipment and maintenance access from pits under the vehicles. The Flexity streetcars have their equipment on the roof, and require a different shop layout for maintenance. Another problem at the Harvey Shops is that most of the service bays can only be accessed by a transfer table that is only 15 metres (49 ft) long while the Flexity cars are 30 metres (98 ft) long. Thus, the Harvey Shops are unsuitable for the new fleet.[8]

The TTC has ordered 204 Flexity streetcars. The plan is to house 60 of them at the west-end Roncesvalles Carhouse, 40 of them at the east-end Russell Carhouse, and the remaining 104 at the Leslie Barns.[1]

The TTC has been considering adding 60 more Flexitys to the current 204-car order to handle growth in demand and possible new streetcar lines along the Waterfront. The Leslie Barns is designed with enough storage so that it plus the two existing carhouses could handle a fleet of 264 vehicles.[9]

Sites considered[edit]

The TTC considered six sites for the new facility.[10] They were:[11]

Site 1 was the TTC's preferred site. Site 2 was rejected because of its proximity to the Film Studio district and the need for an access track through a residential neighbourhood. Sites 3-6 were rejected because they were further from the existing streetcar system than sites 1 and 2.[12]

After the TTC announced its choice, local councillors asked the TTC to investigate additional sites away from their wards. (A local complaint was that the Ashbridges choice would deny the community future additional parkland, and there were concerns about streetcar traffic on Leslie Street.) Thus, four additional sites were briefly studied:[8][13]

  • Hillcrest Complex: Rejected because only 24 cars could be stored and serviced and because of high staffing costs for a small carhouse.[14]
  • Hillcrest Hydro Corridor: Not recommended because of electrical interference, the cost of burying Toronto Hydro's plant, and the added cost of a property lease.[15]
  • Exhibition Loop: Rejected because of lack of room for a servicing facility.[16]
  • Danforth Garage (former Danforth Carhouse): Rejected as it can hold only 20 cars resulting in high staffing costs for a small carhouse.[17]

Connecting track[edit]

Tracks under construction

The Leslie Barns has a double-track, non-revenue streetcar line connecting the facility to the rest of the streetcar network. The line runs about 800 metres (2,600 ft) along Leslie Street from Queen Street East south to North Service Road where the facility entrance is located.[18]

The track on Leslie Street is specially designed to minimize noise and vibration.[1] The track is laid within a concrete channel or "tub" which has vertical concrete wings along a concrete base. This tub will contain a rubber-like substance that will provide vibration isolation between the track and the roadbed.[19]

Before City Council approved the Leslie Street connection, there were community concerns about introducing streetcar traffic on that street which is residential between Queen Street and Mosley Street. Thus, an alternative was suggested to run the connecting track further east through the Russell Carhouse and via the industrial Knox Street to Lake Shore Boulevard.[20] The TTC rejected this proposal because of lower storage capacity at the Russell Carhouse, extra street and bicycle path crossings, extra time for streetcars to enter and leave service and project delays to switch plans.[13]

As of April 2016, most streetcars enter service via Leslie Street at about 7:25 a.m. and return to the carhouse around 9 p.m.[21]


The facility will consist of four buildings: the Carhouse 17,510 square metres (188,500 sq ft), the Traction Power Substation 685 square metres (7,370 sq ft), the Yard Control Huts 16 square metres (170 sq ft), and the Irrigation Hut 25 square metres (270 sq ft), for a combined floor area of 18,236 square metres (196,290 sq ft). The plot of land for the facility occupies 26,000 square metres (6.4 acres). The facility has indoor service bays for 30 Flexity streetcars and can store 100 more in the yard. It can provide fleet repair services for up to 20 vehicles at a time. Outside, there is a 250 metres (820 ft) long braking test track.[1][22][23] In all, there are 8.3 km (5.2 mi) of track on the property.[21]

Service bays in the Leslie Barns accommodate a two-tiered maintenance system. The undersides of the low-floor streetcars are accessed via pits. TTC workers access the HVAC and propulsion systems, which are built into the roof of the low-floor Flexity Outlook vehicles, via overhead catwalks. The carhouse is wired with the overhead catenary system that supplies power to the vehicles. The exception is the paint booth, into which the streetcars are "muled" or pushed.[21]

Leslie Barns has an electronic streetcar-dispatch system to show the position of streetcars in the yard. With the electronic system, operators coming on shift can monitor the location of their assigned streetcar from the lounge. A maintenance worker or "yard jockey" delivers the vehicle to the operator on the west side of the barn.[21]

About 200 TTC maintenance and operations workers will work at the Leslie Barns once all the new streetcars are delivered.[21] The facility will also be the site for all streetcar operator and maintenance training.[1]

The carhouse building has a north-sloping green roof, and a stormwater management pond at the east end of the yard to irrigate the rooftop plantings, a mix of alliums and sedums. Three hundred native trees will also be planted on the property. The carhouse building has specially glazed windows striped to deter birds from flying into the building.[21]

A noise reduction wall was erected around the perimeter of the Leslie Barns to meet Ontario Ministry of the Environment noise limit requirements. The wall will include decorative features such as a red panel design and greenery.[24]

The facility also has a Flexity simulator consisting of the interior of the operator cab for training operators.[25]


Outside the facility walls, along Leslie Street and Lakeshore Boulevard, there will be a linear park incorporating the Martin Goodman Trail, wide multi-use paths, grass, plants and benches. Grading will also reduce the perimeter wall's perceived height. Peek-a-boo panels will permit passersby to watch activity inside the yard. Vines will be trained up mesh panels on the wall.[21]


In June 2009, the Ashbridges Bay Streetcar Maintenance & Storage Facility (now the Leslie Barns) was projected to cost $345 million CAD,[6] but this did not include provision for soil removal and site remediation, nor for the connection track to Queen Street.[12] Site remediation was complicated by the site's prior history as landfill of Lake Ontario.[26]

On November 11, 2009, Toronto City Council chose the site for the Ashbridges Bay Streetcar Maintenance & Storage Facility at the southeast corner of Leslie Street and Lake Shore Boulevard.

In November 2012, the TTC decided to change the name of the carhouse from the "Ashbridges Bay Streetcar Maintenance & Storage Facility" to the more colloquial "Leslie Barns" at the request of the local community and councillors.[27]

By June 2013, the capital cost of the facility was budgeted at $497 million CAD.[28]

By June 2013, the TTC had a contingency plan to store up to 22 older CLRV streetcars at Exhibition Loop in 2014 to make space for Flexity streetcars arriving before the availability of Leslie Barns.[29]

In September 2013, construction began on the spur along Leslie Street from the facility to Queen Street East.[30][31] The construction was projected to require 12 weeks of road closures.

On January 28, 2015, Natalie Alcoba wrote in the National Post that the facility was expected to be almost empty when it opened later in 2015 because Bombardier had fallen far behind delivery of the new vehicles.[32] As of October 2015 only ten new Flexity vehicles were in operation, when the delivery schedule said 43 vehicles should have been delivered.

In May 2015, 60 metres (200 ft) of track was laid 9 centimetres (3.5 in) too high by the contractor and had to be rebuilt, resulting in delays to the track project time line to mid-July 2015.[33]

With the opening of the Leslie Barns on November 22, 2015, the temporary storage of cars at Exhibition Loop ended.[34] Although the Flexity streetcars started operating out of the facility on 22 November 2015, the barns were still under construction and would not be fully occupied by the TTC until early 2016.[1]

On May 28, 2016, the TTC officially opened the Leslie Barns in a ceremony starting off a Doors Open event with the public visiting the facility.[35] However, the Leslie Barns had been in at least partial operation since November 22, 2015.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "TTC's new streetcar facility to enter service this Sunday". News. TTC. November 20, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2015. This Sun., Nov. 22, the TTC's new low-floor streetcars will begin operating out of Leslie Barns, the TTC's new streetcar facility at the corner of Leslie St. and Lake Shore Blvd. E. The Barns is still under construction and won't be fully occupied by the TTC until early next year.
  2. ^ "Project History Leslie Barns". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  3. ^ "Leslie Barns Streetcar Maintenance & Storage Facility". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  4. ^ Alcoba, Natalie (February 2, 2011). "TTC moving ahead with new facility in Leslieville". National Post. Archived from the original on March 21, 2013. Staff are willing to look at housing some of the vehicles at the Hillcrest yard, or the Exhibition Loop, but say the Ashbridges site is necessary for, at the very least, maintenance. The plan is already nine months delayed, and deferring Wednesday's decision by 90 days means the soil removal work cannot begin until August because of migratory birds.
  5. ^ "New Light Rail Vehicle (LRV) Maintenance & Storage Facility". City of Toronto. February 22, 2012. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
  6. ^ a b Nickle, David (June 11, 2009). "TRANSIT: TTC looking to Portlands for its storage facility". Durham Region. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  7. ^ Nickle, David (June 18, 2009). "EAST TORONTO: Residents not happy with possible LRV facility". Inside Toronto. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Munro, Steve (February 9, 2011). "The Ashbridge Carhouse Debate". Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  9. ^ Munro, Steve (January 27, 2015). "Below The Line". Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "Map with locations of sites considered".
  11. ^ Munro, Steve (May 29, 2009). "Port Lands Carhouse and Maintenance Facility". Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  12. ^ a b Munro, Steve (April 13, 2013). "The Saga of Leslie Barns". Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  13. ^ a b Munro, Steve (July 7, 2011). "The Route to Ashbridge Carhouse". Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  14. ^ https://swanboatsteve.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/20110706hillcrestlrvstorage.jpg
  15. ^ https://swanboatsteve.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/20110706hillcresthydrolrvstorage.jpg
  16. ^ https://swanboatsteve.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/20110706cnelooplrvstorage.jpg
  17. ^ https://swanboatsteve.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/20110706danforthlrvstorage.jpg
  18. ^ "North Service Road & Leslie Street". Google. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  19. ^ Munro, Steve (May 28, 2015). "Another Delay For Leslie Street". Steve Munro. Retrieved May 28, 2015. The purpose of the [concrete] "tub" track structure turns out to not be a function of load distribution on the soil below, but to act as a container for a "hockey puck" like substance that will provide vibration isolation between the track and the roadbed. This is similar to the design used on new subway lines where there is a layer of large discs between the concrete ties under the track and the floor of the tunnel.
  20. ^ https://swanboatsteve.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/20110706knoxrevisedchse.jpg
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Kalinowski, Tess (April 10, 2016). "A peek inside Leslie Barns, the TTC's new high-tech garage". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  22. ^ Terpstra, Nigel (November 23, 2012). "Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About TTC's New 'Leslie Barn'". Urban Toronto. Archived from the original on March 21, 2013. Another vital but less-talked about piece of Toronto's evolving transit network is the Ashbridges Bay Streetcar Maintenance & Storage Facility, recently redubbed 'The Leslie Barn.' This 279,463 square foot facility will be sited on a piece of vacant land at the southeast corner of Leslie Street and Lake Shore Blvd.
  23. ^ Bow, James (September 7, 2015). "Leslie Barns". Transit Toronto. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  24. ^ "Construction Overview and FAQs". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  25. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/matt-galloway-drives-streetcar-simulator-1.4270147
  26. ^ Tigchelaar, Mark (January 25, 2019). "Making the Land Under the Leslie Barns Buildable". Urban Toronto. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  27. ^ Munro, Steve (December 30, 2012). "TTC Meeting Wrapup for December 19, 2012". Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  28. ^ Kitchings, Chris (June 20, 2013). "New streetcars will roll out on Spadina, Bathurst first". CTV News. Retrieved June 20, 2013. According to the implementation plan, the capital costs for the streetcars and upgrades have surpassed $2 billion. That figure includes the $1.1-billion price tag for the streetcars themselves, $497 million for a new Leslie Street facility where the streetcars will be stored and maintained, and infrastructure modifications.
  29. ^ Munro, Steve (June 25, 2013). "TTC Low Floor LRV Roll Out Plan Released". Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  30. ^ "Leslie Street closure at Lake Shore Boulevard expected to last 12 weeks". Inside Toronto. September 19, 2013. Archived from the original on September 23, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013. The TTC was expecting a 12-week closure of Leslie Street immediately north of Lake Shore Boulevard to begin as soon as this week.
  31. ^ "Leslie Barns: September 13, 2013 - Construction Update, Closure on Leslie Street". Toronto Transit Commission. September 13, 2013. Archived from the original on September 23, 2013.
  32. ^ Alcoba, Natalie (January 28, 2015). "Massive $500M facility for new TTC streetcars might sit nearly empty when it opens". Toronto: National Post. The problem is, the order is delayed. Instead of the 43 originally anticipated by this time, or even the scaled-back expectation of 15, only three are in service.
  33. ^ "Leslie Street Barns delayed by faulty streetcar track installation". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. May 28, 2015. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  34. ^ Munro, Steve (October 30, 2015). "TTC Service Changes Effective November 22 and December 20, 2015". Retrieved October 31, 2015.
  35. ^ "Doors officially open at TTC's Leslie Barns". Toronto Transit Commission. May 26, 2016. Retrieved May 29, 2016.

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