Leslie Baruch Brent MBE (5 July 1925 – 21 December 2019) was a British immunologist and zoologist. He was Professor Emeritus, University of London, from 1990. An immunologist, he was the co-discoverer, with Peter Medawar and Rupert Billingham, of acquired immunological tolerance. They injected cells from donor mice into fetal mice, and later neonatal mice, which would as adults receive donor skin grafts without rejection.
Brent was born Lothar Baruch, in Köslin, Germany (now Koszalin, Poland), to German Jewish parents, Charlotte (Rosenthal) and Arthur Baruch. To avoid persecution in the largely non-Jewish Köslin, his family placed him in the Jewish Orphanage Berlin-Pankow in Berlin in 1936. In 1938, at age 13, to escape the rising anti-Semitism of the Sturmabteilung (Storm Troopers) and teachers, Brent was sent to England on the first of the Kindertransports and became a pupil at Anna Essinger's Bunce Court School. His parents and older sister stayed behind in Germany. Because his status as a German national would have made him liable to execution in the event of capture, he was advised to change his name. After the war, he found out that his parents were sent to Riga, Latvia, and executed. There are three stolpersteine for his parents and sister in Berlin. After the war, he became a British citizen and enrolled at University of Birmingham where he was president of the Guild of Undergraduates in 1950–1951. He received his Ph.D. at University College London.
As a secular Jew who escaped the Holocaust, Brent was highly critical of Israel's treatment of the Palestinians.
In 2012 he was interviewed and filmed for the documentary The Essential Link: The Story of Wilfrid Israel by Yonatan Nir, in which he talked about his Kindertransport experience.
He was a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts and an honorary member of the British Society for Immunology.
Brent died in December 2019, at the age of 94. He was posthumously appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the 2020 New Year Honours for services to Holocaust education.
- Laboratory technician, 1941–43
- Army service, 1943–47, Captain
- Lecturer, Department of Zoology, UCL, 1954–1962
- Rockefeller Research Fellow, California Institute of Technology, 1956–57
- Research scientist, National Institute for Medical Research, 1962–65
- Professor of Zoology, University of Southampton, 1965–69
- Professor of Immunology, St. Mary's Hospital Medical School, London, 1969–1990
- European Editor, Transplantation, 1963–68
- Chairman: Wessex Branch, Institute of Biology, 1966–68
- General Secretary, British Transplantation Society, 1971–75
- President, The Transplantation Society, 1976–78
- ^ Brent, Baruch (2009). Sunday's child? : A memoir. New Romney (England): Bank House Books. ISBN 978-1-904408-44-4.
- ^ "Stolpersteine in Berlin". www.stolpersteine-berlin.de. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
- ^ Gerrie, Anthea (11 August 2011). "Revealed: the wartime school that saved lives". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
- ^ Spier, Howard (November 2004). "Leslie Baruch Brent: Ein Sonntagskind" (PDF). AJR Journal. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
- ^ Brent, Leslie Baruch (August 2008). "Building Bridges to Berlin" (PDF). AJR Journal. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
- ^ Wohlan, Margarethe (11 September 2011). "Viele Jahrzehnte wollten wir nicht über die Vergangenheit sprechen". Deutschlandfunk Kultur (in German). Retrieved 29 August 2020.
- ^ Brent, Leslie (15 July 2014). "Editorial". jfjfp.com. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
- ^ "Members - European Academy of Sciences and Arts". www.euro-acad.eu.
- ^ "Honorary members - British Society for Immunology". www.immunology.org.
- ^ "Tributes to immunologist Leslie Brent, 94, who arrived on first Kindertransport". jewishnews.timesofisrael.com. Jewish News Reporter. 24 December 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
- ^ "No. 62866". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 December 2019. p. N16.
- 1925 births
- 2019 deaths
- Jewish emigrants from Nazi Germany to the United Kingdom
- Kindertransport refugees
- Jewish scientists
- British zoologists
- Alumni of University College London
- People educated at Bunce Court School
- Academics of the University of Southampton
- People from Koszalin
- People from the Province of Pomerania
- Jewish agnostics
- Members of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts
- Alumni of the University of Birmingham
- British people of German-Jewish descent
- Members of the Order of the British Empire