Leslie Cheung

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Leslie Cheung
張國榮
Leslie Chung.jpg
Leslie Cheung circa 1999
PronunciationCheung Kwok-wing[1]
Born
Cheung Fat-chung

(1956-09-12)12 September 1956
Died1 April 2003(2003-04-01) (aged 46)
Cause of deathSuicide by jumping
Resting placePo Fook Hill, Sha Tin
Citizenship
Alma materUniversity of Leeds
Occupation
  • Singer
  • actor
Years active1977–2003
Partner(s)
  • Teresa Mo (1977–1979)
  • Shirley Yim (1979–1980)
  • Ngai Sze-pui (1981–1983)
  • Cindy Yeung (1984–1985)
  • Daffy Tong (1985–2003)
Musical career
Also known asGor Gor (Chinese: 哥哥; lit.: 'Elder brother')[2][3][4]
Genres
InstrumentsVocals
Labels
Cheung Kwok-wing
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Cheung Fat-chung
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Leslie Cheung Kwok-wing[A] (12 September 1956 – 1 April 2003) was a Hong Kong singer and actor. Throughout a 26-year career from 1977 until his death, Cheung released over 40 music albums and cast in 56 films.[5] He was one of the most prominent pioneers that shaped the identity of Cantopop during the 1980s and became known for his flamboyant, often outrageous stage appearance. His venture into acting in the 1990s was recognised for his portrayal of queer characters with actual personality in a then conservative film industry.[6] His career was marked with both praise and criticism, with numerous public discussions focusing on his sexual ambiguity and androgynous persona.

Born Cheung Fat-chung in British Hong Kong, Cheung studied abroad in England from the age of 12 until returning to Hong Kong in 1976 to pursue a career in show business. He achieved wide popularity with his 1984 self-titled album and its single "Monica", whose upbeat dance production introduced a new popular trend to Cantopop in addition to the contemporary pool of sentimental ballads. Cheung's continued success with a string of hit albums in the mid- and late-1980s, most notably 1987 best-seller Summer Romance, won him numerous awards, including Most Popular Male Artist at the 1988 and 1989 Jade Solid Gold Best Ten Music Awards. In addition to music, Cheung had breakthrough movie roles as a disillusioned teenager in Nomad (1982) and as a police officer torn between justice and brotherhood in A Better Tomorrow (1986). He announced his "retirement" from music and emigrated to Canada in 1989 in the wake of the political turmoil in mainland China, but remained active in his burgeoning acting career.

Cheung achieved widespread recognition as an actor in the 1990s. He played a womaniser longing for the return of his estranged mother in Days of Being Wild (1990), which won him Best Actor at the 1991 Hong Kong Film Awards.[7] His role as a homosexual Peking opera actor in Farewell My Concubine (1993) catapulted him to prominence in the western world. Cheung's reputation as a queer celebrity consolidated with his role in the 1997 drama Happy Together, a film explicitly depicting a homosexual male relationship. His comeback as a recording artist in the late 1990s, particularly with his 1996 album Red, was noted for sonic experimentation[8] and extravagant, graphic imagery.[9] He was awarded the Golden Needle Award, the highest distinction of the RTHK Top 10 Gold Songs Awards, in 1999.[10] In 2000, he was honoured as "Asia's Biggest Superstar" at the CCTV/MTV Music Honours in mainland China.[11] Cheung committed suicide by jumping off the 24th floor of the hotel Mandarin Oriental on 1 April 2003, having been diagnosed with severe clinical depression.

Early life[edit]

Portrait of Leslie Howard, a British actor in tux and bowtie
Cheung's English name was inspired by the actor Leslie Howard (pictured) in Gone with the Wind.

Cheung was born Cheung Fat-chung in Kowloon, British Hong Kong, the youngest of 10 children in a middle-class Hakka family. His father, Cheung Wut-hoi, was a well-known tailor specialised in suits whose customers included Western celebrities such as film director Alfred Hitchcock and actors Marlon Brando and Cary Grant.[12][13] Despite his father's reputation in the fashion industry, Cheung was uninspired by the profession.[14] Cheung told many interviews that he had an unhappy childhood,[6] feeling emotionally estranged from his father and siblings, and frequently witnessing arguments and fights in the household. He felt "depressed sometimes" and longed for affection from his parents who were absent from home.[14] His father's abusive treatment of his mother had a lasting impact on Cheung's perspectives on marriage.[15] When Cheung's father married another woman, his emotional life further deteriorated. He was brought up by his grandmother, whom he was very close with. Cheung summed up his upbringing as a "silent resentment" with "nothing worth remembering", except for the death of his grandmother when he was in primary school, which was the "one thing that I do remember about my childhood."[14]

Cheung attended Rosaryhill School for secondary education in Hong Kong and, at age 12, enrolled at Norwich School in England.[14][15] During his time at Rosaryhill, Cheung was academically poor but excelled in English. He discovered a newfound interest in Western films and immersed himself in music, studying the original soundtrack of Romeo and Juliet.[14] When in England, he recalled that there were "racial problems", but managed to make friends. During weekends, he worked as a bartender and would sometimes do amateur singing at his relatives' restaurant in Southend-on-Sea. He came across the film Gone with the Wind and chose Leslie as his English name inspired by the actor Leslie Howard, feeling that "The name can be a man's or woman's, it's very unisex."[15] Cheung attended the University of Leeds, where he studied textile management. After one year of study, in 1976, he returned to Hong Kong when his father became paralyzed on one side after a stroke. As the father wanted all of his children to be at home, Cheung abandoned his study and became a salesman for Levi's for a living. Cheung recalled that during this time, "I had no plans; there I was, feeling like I was hanging in the middle of nowhere."[16]

Career[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

Upon returning to Hong Kong, Cheung went back to high school as a mature student and formed a band, where he was the lead singer, with his classmates. In May 1977, the band members signed up individually for Rediffusion Television (RTV)'s Asian Singing Contest. Only Cheung remained until the final round of the Hong Kong division, where he finished as the first runner-up with a rendition of "American Pie".[17] He proceeded to the pan-Asian division, finishing fifth.[14] Soon after the competition, RTV offered Cheung a three-year contract as a second-rate actor for RTV.[18] He also signed with Polydor Records with hopes of releasing music albums.[14]

Cheung's career in show business did not take off immediately. His first film role was in Erotic Dream of the Red Chamber (紅樓春上春, 1978), a softcore porn production that features his bare buttocks.[6] His first two albums were solely recorded in English, and his third album, Lover's Arrow (情人箭, 1979) was recorded in Cantonese.[18] The albums failed commercially, and critics lambasted Cheung's voice as "chicken-like".[17] Cheung's first public performance at the 1977 Hong Kong Pop Folk Music Festival was booed off the stage by the audience.[14] He described his early days into show business as "full of uncertainty ... I remember well that my singing career at the early stage was like 'a person running into a rock', full of despair and obstacles."[17] Seeing little potential in Cheung, Polydor allowed him to depart on his own terms.[14]

1982–1989: Cantopop success and film crossover[edit]

Cheung signed with Capital Artists, a record label closely associated with the then-dominant television network TVB, in 1982. His first hit single, "The Wind Blows On" (風繼續吹; 1982), is a cover version of Momoe Yamaguchi's Japanese single "The Other Side of Goodbye" (さよならの向こう側). The song was successful on charts, revitalising Cheung's image as a Cantopop singer.[18] The titular album was Cheung's first to be certified gold by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) Hong Kong.[19] His second album with Capital, Craziness (一片痴, 1983), is a compilation of songs he recorded for TVB dramas.[20] The album was also a success, receiving a gold certification from the IFPI Hong Kong.[21] He continued his movie crossover with roles mostly in teenage films, and earned his first major recognition for starring in Nomad (1982).[22] While Cheung had already been a well-known actor with likeable personae in TVB productions, his role as a disillusioned teenager in Nomad foresaw his future reputation as an icon of rebel.[23] The role garnered Cheung a nomination for Best Actor at the 1983 Hong Kong Film Awards.[18]

The year 1984 was when Cheung achieved mass stardom. He released the hit single "Monica", a cover of the single by Japanese singer Kōji Kikkawa. The song topped charts in Hong Kong[24] and was one of the 10 gold-certified songs honoured at TVB's 1984 Jade Solid Gold Best Ten Music Awards[25] and the 1984 RTHK Top 10 Gold Songs Awards.[26] The song's upbeat dance production introduced a new musical trend to Cantopop, in addition to the traditional sentimental ballads that had dominated the scene.[24] Cheung's 1984 self-titled album, which included "Monica", was his first to be certified platinum by the IFPI Hong Kong and sold over 200,000 copies.[24][27] He starred in the TVB drama Once Upon an Ordinary Girl (儂本多情) and the film Behind the Yellow Line. In the latter, he co-starred with actress Maggie Cheung and singer-actress Anita Mui. Both productions were commercially successful and put Cheung into the limelight as a prominent entertainer.[24] As Cheung's fame expanded, the media began to pit him against fellow singer-actor Alan Tam, as the two were the most successful male Cantopop singers as the moment. The publicised so-called rivalry contributed to Cantopop's booming sales and lasted until the end of the 1980s.[28]

Cheung's next albums with Capital were met with similar success. For Your Heart Only (為你鍾情, 1985) yielded the hit single "Wind Wind" (不羈的風), which was among the 10 gold-certified songs honoured at both TVB's Jade Solid Gold and RTHK Top 10 awards. The album also included songs Cheung recorded for TVB dramas, propelling his image as a romantic male lead.[24] His 1986 single "Who Feels the Same?" (有誰共鳴) won the Gold Song Gold Award, the distinction for the most popular song of the year, at TVB's Jade Solid Gold Awards. With this achievement, Cheung became an arguably undisputed royalty of Cantopop.[29] After the release of "Who Feels the Same?", he left Capital and joined Cinepoly Records.[24] A turning point in his burgeoning acting career was in the John Woo-directed 1986 crime-action A Better Tomorrow, in which he co-starred with Ti Lung and Chow Yun-fat. He played a youthful and impulsive police officer torn between justice and his criminal brother.[22]

Cheung's career ascended to a new peak in 1987,[24] when he released his first album under Cinepoly, Summer Romance. The album was the best-selling Cantopop release of the year, earning seven times platinum certification from the IFPI Hong Kong and sold over 350,000 copies.[30] Its lead single, "Sleepless Night" (無心睡眠), won the Gold Song Gold Award at the 1987 Jade Solid Gold Awards.[24] The next two albums, Virgin Snow and Hot Summer, both were released in 1988 and sold well, receiving gold and platinum certifications from the IFPI Hong Kong.[24][27] He also had starring roles in the films A Chinese Ghost Story and Rouge.[15][31] The performance of Cheung and his co-star Anita Mui in Rouge consolidated the pair's reputation as the top Hong Kong entertainers.[32] Yiu-wai Chu, author of the book Hong Kong Cantopop: A Concise History (2017), noted that Cheung and Mui formed an "unprecedented" chemistry showcasing "mystic power of charisma", not only in films but also on stage performances together.[31] The two were also close friends in real life.[33]

Cheung embarked on a 23-date tour at the Hong Kong Coliseum in mid-1988, sponsored by Pepsi. The tour was a sold-out and accumulated over 250,000 spectators.[34] He also held several shows catering to the Chinese community in North America, visiting Atlantic City, Calgary, Toronto, and Vancouver.[35] In the wake of the intense political atmosphere in mainland China in the late 1980s, which would culminate in the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, successful Cantopop singers announced public withdrawal from the music industry and emigrated to western countries. Cheung followed suit, announcing his "retirement" from Cantopop and emigrating to Vancouver, Canada in 1989.[36] Prior to his retirement, Cheung released three further albums under Cinepoly—Leslie '89, Salute, Final Encounter—all of which received platinum certifications from the IFPI Hong Kong.[27] He won Most Popular Male Artist twice, at the 1988 and 1989 Jade Solid Gold Best Ten Music Awards.[37][38] His "farewell concert tour", in support of the album Final Encounter, ran for 33 consecutive sold-out shows at the Hong Kong Coliseum.[31] Cheung donated profits of his 1989 album Salute to the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, which was named the Leslie Cheung Memorial Scholarship after his death.[39]

1990–1995: Music hiatus and major film roles[edit]

Wong Kar-wai at a film festival. He is wearing sunglasses and sports a buzzcut hairstyle in tuxedo and a bowtie
Cheung's role in Days of Being Wild, directed by Wong Kar-wai (pictured), earned him a Hong Kong Film Award for Best Actor

In addition to music, Cheung had his breakthrough movie role in the crime-action A Better Tomorrow (1986), which would pave the way for his upcoming career in cinema.[40] Cheung announced his "retirement" and emigrated to Canada in 1989,[41] in the aftermath of the handover of Hong Kong, but subsequently returned to show business in 1990.

He also won Best Actor at the 1994 Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards in the comedy-drama Ashes of Time (1994).[42]

The turning point in Cheung's acting career came in 1986 with his starring role in John Woo's (吳宇森) A Better Tomorrow,[43] which broke Hong Kong's box office record. In the following years Cheung was praised for his performances in films which found popularity with audiences worldwide, including A Chinese Ghost Story (1987), Rouge (1987) and Wong Kar-Wai's Days of Being Wild (1991).[44]

Although Cheung quit his career as a pop singer from 1989 to 1995, he continued his music career as a songwriter. He composed more than ten songs during that time. In 1993, he won Best Original Movie Song Award from Golden Horse Film Festival for the theme song Red Cheek, White Hair to the film The Bride with White Hair (as a film score composer). In 1995, he wrote all three theme songs for the film The Phantom Lover. As for songwriting, Cheung won four nominations for Best Original Movie Song Award at the Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards and two nominations for Best Original Film Song at the Hong Kong Film Awards. In 1998, he was a member of the jury at the 48th Berlin International Film Festival.[45]

1995–1999: Return to music[edit]

Cheung in a white shirt performing, surrounded by bodyguards
Cheung at a 1997 concert

In 1995 Cheung signed a contract with Rock Records, returning to music as a singer. At the same year, he released his first post-"retirement" album, Beloved. Beloved achieved large market success with the award of IFPI Best Selling Album.[46][47]

In 2001 Cheung collaborated with William Chang, the art director of Wong Kar-Wai's Days of Being Wild (1991), to make his music video Bewildered, about the intimacy between two gay men.[48] Japanese ballet dancer Nishijima Kazuhiro played Cheung's lover in the video.[48] The music video was demonized for advocating homosexuality and was banned by TVB, but Cheung refused to edit the scenes and censor himself.[48]

2000–2003: Later years[edit]

Cheung's last concert tour was the Passion Tour, which took place in Hong Kong and overseas from 2000 to 2001. Cheung collaborated with fashion designer Jean Paul Gaultier, transforming Cheung "From Angel to Devil" in four costumes: the Angel, the Pretty Boy, the Latin Lover, and the Devil – denoting cross-cultural drag and focusing on Cheung's androgyny and bisexuality.[48] Although Passion Tour was acclaimed in Japan, Korea, and Canada for Cheung's glamour and dignity in using drag performance through Gaultier's costume designs, in Hong Kong it was received with disapproval.[48] His final concert tour, the Passion Tour (2000–01), visited Asia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The tour broke attendance records throughout Asia, including a record for the first foreign artist to hold 16 concerts in Japan.[49]

While Cheung could sell well over 200,000 copies for an album in his 1980s heyday, his later albums struggled to match the same success, only 50,000 copies each.[50]

In 2011, CCTV commented the "Passion Tour" that from performance form, art concept, costume props and audience response, all represent the highest standard of Chinese concerts, no one has ever surpassed.[48]

Personal life[edit]

In 1977, during the filming the RTV television series Love Story, the then 20-year-old Cheung met and fallen in love with his 17-year-old co-star, Teresa Mo (毛舜筠), and they got along after they finished the series. In 1979, Cheung proposed to Mo with flowers in marriage. But his sudden proposal startled Mo and she began to distance herself from him. Although Cheung and Teresa Mo eventually broke up shortly after the proposal and briefly lost contact, they later remained close friends again when they reunited for the 1992 film All's Well, Ends Well.

Cheung later went into a brief relationship with an actress Shirley Yim [zh], the younger sister of Michelle Yim, but they broke up in 1980, due to their incompatibly for each other's lifestyles.

Cheung and Ngai Sze-pui (倪詩蓓), a Hong Kong model and actress whom he met on the set of ATV television series Agency 24, were in a relationship for two years from 1981 to 1983.[51] [52]

In 1984, at the house of Albert Yeung, Cheung met Cindy Yeung (楊諾詩), the youngest daughter of Albert Yeung who had recently returned from Boston. Cindy Yeung was also a fan of Cheung and was seven years younger than him. Cheung and Yeung went out on several dates until the latter returned to Boston. They continued their relationship through phone calls and letters, but would later part ways on the following year but still remained good friends. Cheung felt that if he was not in showbiz, he may have already been married with children like most of his friends.

In an interview in 1992, Cheung stated that "My mind is bisexual. It's easy for me to love a woman. It's also easy for me to love a man, too" and "I believe that a good actor would be androgynous, and ever changing."[48]

He announced his same-sex relationship with his childhood friend Daffy Tong Hok-tak (唐鶴德) during a concert in 1997, earning him prestige in LGBT communities in China, Japan, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.[48] His relationship with Daffy lasted for almost 20 years until his death in 2003.

Cheung responded to questions regarding his love life: "In terms of lovers, I think I can be a better friend than a lover. Because I am a workaholic. To share my romance, that person has to compromise something." This statement was out during the interview following the release of the film Okinawa Rendez-vous in 2000.[53]

In a 2001 interview with Time magazine, Cheung said: "It's more appropriate to say I'm bisexual. I've had girlfriends. When I was 22 or so, I asked my girlfriend Teresa Mo to marry me."[54]

Citizenship[edit]

He moved to Vancouver in 1990 and became a Canadian citizen by naturalization.[55]

Charity work[edit]

Cheung was a supporter of several charities concerning children's welfare. He was a patron of the Children's Cancer Foundation, a charity that cares for young children with cancer and their families. Cheung donated HK$1 million (US$128,000) in 1996 and launched five sets of RED cards to help raise funds for the Children's Cancer Foundation.[56]

He was the first Cantopop star to launch a charity fundraiser at a concert. In 1996, although he rarely sang in public at that time, he sang three theme songs from his films to raise money for the elderly.[57]

For his 1997 concert at the HK Coliseum, Cheung set up a collection booth for the RED Card charity. Donations of HK$100 or above could obtain a set of cards. Cheung said, "I will lead the way, so I donated HK$1,000,000 to Hong Kong children's cancer fund in my own name." The concert raised more than HK$800,000, to which Cheung and his friends added more than HK$100,000, and made up a million Hong Kong dollars to donate to the cancer fund.[58]

He was also a patron of the End Child Sexual Abuse Foundation (ECSAF), founded by veteran actress Josephine Siao (蕭芳芳).

In 1999, at a party to raise relief funds in the aftermath of the Taiwan earthquake, Cheung participated in a fried rice tasting event. He donated HK$250,000 for a bowl of rice; this was matched by fan donations, bringing the total to HK$500,000.[59]

In 2000, Sun Entertainment opened the "Star Second-hand Shop", where second-hand goods donated by celebrities were auctioned to raise money for the "Sun Love Fund". Leslie Cheung was known for his very good taste, and he was the first to donate three well-loved, carefully selected pieces to the auction.[60] Leslie also donated his beloved badminton racket to IDclub Taiwan, to be auctioned to raise money for the children's cancer fund.[61]

In 1999 and 2000, he appeared in TVB charity shows to help raise funds for ECSAF, in which he was appointed a goodwill ambassador in 2002.[62]

In 2003, Cheung donated HK$100,000 to the Seedling protection fund, who were holding a large-scale charity night on the 12th of March. He told his party guests to give him cash instead of presents, then he donated all of the money that he received to the fund.[63]

Death and legacy[edit]

Leslie Cheung leapt from the 24th floor of the Mandarin Oriental hotel (right) located at the Central district, Hong Kong Island.
3rd anniversary of Cheung's death, in Central, Hong Kong, 2006
"Miss You Much Leslie" exhibition at Times Square (Hong Kong), April 2013

Cheung died of suicide on 1 April 2003 at 6:43 pm (HKT).[64] He leapt from the 24th floor of the Mandarin Oriental hotel, located in the Central district of Hong Kong Island.[65] He left a suicide note saying that he had been suffering from depression. He was 46 years old.[66][67][68][69][70][71]

As one of the most popular performers in Asia, Cheung's death broke the hearts of millions of his fans across Asia and shocked the Asian entertainment industry and Chinese community worldwide.[66][72][73][74][75][76] The day after Cheung's death, his partner Daffy Tong confirmed that Cheung suffered from clinical depression and had been seeing Professor Felice Lieh Mak, a famous therapist, for treatment for almost a year. He also revealed that Cheung had previously attempted suicide in November 2002.[48] Later at his funeral, Cheung's niece disclosed that her uncle had severe clinical depression and suffered much over the past year. He was cremated & his ashes were buried in Po Fook Hill, Shatin.

Despite the risk of infection from SARS and the WHO's warning on traveling to Hong Kong, tens of thousands attended Cheung's memorial service, which was held for the public, on 7 April 2003, including celebrities and other fans, many from other parts of the world such as mainland China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Southeast Asia, the United States, and Canada. Cheung's funeral was held on 8 April 2003. For almost a month, Cheung's death dominated newspaper headlines in Hong Kong and his songs were constantly on the air. His final album, Everything Follows the Wind (一切隨風), was released three months after his death.

Cheung's suicide note (translation):

"Depression! Many thanks to all my friends. Many thanks to Professor Felice Lieh-Mak (麥列菲菲) (Cheung's last psychiatrist). This year has been so tough. I can't stand it anymore. Many thanks to Mr. Tong. Many thanks to my family. Many thanks to Sister Fei (沈殿霞). In my life I have done nothing bad. Why does it have to be like this?"

In a 2012 interview, Cheung's eldest sister, Ophelia, stated Cheung was diagnosed with clinical depression caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain.[77] She said that reporters were frequently found outside of her brother's home which hampered his ability to get to his doctor's facility. Thus, he would come over to her house to consult with his doctor. He would ask his sister, "Why am I depressed? I have money and so many people love me." He was reluctant to take medication for his depression.[78]

In 2013, Cheung's former music agent Florence Chan organised two memorial concerts entitled Miss You Much Leslie on 31 March and 1 April for the 10th anniversary of Cheung's death. Big names of the Hong Kong entertainment industry performed at the concert at Hong Kong Coliseum. In addition, in 2013, Cheung's fans from around the world made two million orizuru cranes for the Guinness World Record as a tribute to the anniversary.[79]

On 12 September 2016, on what would have been Cheung's 60th birthday, over one thousand fans joined Florence Chan in the morning at Po Fook Hill Ancestral Hall (寶福山) for prayers. At night, Cheung's fans club, Red Mission organised "Leslie Cheung 60th Red Hot Birthday Party" to commemorate Cheung. It was an outdoor birthday party at Central Harbourfront Event Space with a big LED screen[80] projecting Cheung's past video clips, concerts, songs and pictures. Eason Chan (陳奕迅) as a member of Red Mission joined the party singing one of Cheung's song "4 season" (春夏秋冬) as a tribute to Cheung.[81] In the same month, another fans club, United Leslie also celebrated the big day of this renowned star. United Leslie organised an exhibition and movie screening of Cheung's two selected movies in PMQ, Central of Hong Kong.[82]

Struggling with Hong Kong media and social prejudice[edit]

Cheung is well known for his prominent roles portraying gay characters in Happy Together and Farewell My Concubine.[68] A pair of red high heels Cheung wore during a performance of his song Red were described as "a top draw"[83] at an exhibit on androgynous fashion in Hong Kong. Many media outlets focused primarily on arguing about his gay identity instead of on his artistic achievement in film and music.[48] Before his death, Cheung mentioned in interviews that he had become depressed because of negative comments about gender-crossing in his Passion Tour concert.[48] He had planned to retire from stage performance because of the strain of being a gay artist in Hong Kong, facing stigmatization, surveillance, and marginalization.[48]

Asteroid[edit]

In 2018, 55383 Cheungkwokwing was named in memory of Leslie Cheung. The main-belt asteroid was discovered by Bill Yeung at the Desert Eagle Observatory in 2001.

Awards and nominations[edit]

RTHK Top 10 Gold Songs Awards (十大中文金曲)[edit]

Year Category Recipient Result
1984 Top 10 Gold Songs "Monica" Won
1985 Top 10 Gold Songs "Wild Wind" (不羈的風) Won
1986 Top 10 Gold Songs "Past Love" (當年情) Won
1987 Top 10 Gold Songs "Sleepless Night" (無心睡眠) Won
Best CD Summer Romance Won
Sales Award (Best-Selling Album of the Year) Summer Romance Won
1988 Top 10 Gold Songs "Silence is Golden" (沉默是金) Won
Top 10 Gold Songs "Don’t Need Too Much" (無需要太多) Won
IFPI Award Leslie Cheung (張國榮) Won
1999 Top 10 Gold Songs "Left Right Hand" (左右手) Won
Golden Needle Award (金針獎) Leslie Cheung (張國榮) Won
2000 Top 10 Gold Songs "Big Heat" (大熱) Won
2002 Silver Jubilee Award Leslie Cheung (張國榮) Won

Jade Solid Gold Best Ten Music Awards (十大勁歌金曲頒獎典禮)[edit]

Year Category Recipient Result
1983 Top 10 Gold Songs "Wind Blows On" (風繼續吹) Nominated
1984 "Monica" Won
1985 "Wild Wind" (不羈的風) Won
1986 "Past Love" (當年情) Won
"Who Resonates With Me" (有誰共鳴) Won
Gold Song Gold Award (金曲金獎) Won
1987 Top 10 Gold Songs "Sleepless Night" (無心睡眠) Won
Gold Song Gold Award (金曲金獎) Won
1988 Top 10 Gold Songs "Silence is Golden"(沉默是金) Won
"Closer" (贴身) Won
Most Popular Male Artist (最受歡迎男歌星) Leslie Cheung (張國榮) Won
1989 Top 10 Gold Songs "Starting from Zero" (由零开始) Won
Most Popular Male Artist (最受歡迎男歌星) Leslie Cheung (張國榮) Won
1999 Honours Award (榮譽大獎) Won
2000 Four Channel Award (Best Album of the Year) Untitled Won
Honours Award (榮譽大獎) Leslie Cheung (張國榮) Won

Other music awards[edit]

Year Award Category Recipient Result
1988 Ultimate Song Chart Awards Ultimate Male Artist Gold Award Leslie Cheung (張國榮) Won
1989 Won
IFPI Award Side Face (側面) Won
1999 Ultimate Song Award (No. 1 Song of the Year) "Left Right Hand"(左右手) Won
Metro Radio Hit Music Awards Metro Radio Hit Song of the Year Won
Metro Radio Top 10 Hit Songs Won
2000 CCTV-MTV Music Honours Asia's Biggest Superstar Leslie Cheung (張國榮) Won
2001 Chinese Pop Music Media Awards Best Male Singer Won

Hong Kong Film Awards[edit]

Year Category Film Result
1983 Best Actor Nomad (烈火青春) Nominated
1988 A Better Tomorrow 2 (英雄本色2) Nominated
Best Original Film Song A Chinese Ghost Story (倩女幽魂) Nominated
1989 Best Actor Rouge (胭脂扣) Nominated
1991 Days of Being Wild (阿飛正傳) Won
1994 Best Original Film Song The Bride With White Hair (白髮魔女傳) Nominated
1995 Best Actor He's a Woman, She's a Man (金枝玉葉) Nominated
Best Original Film Song Won
1996 The Phantom Lover (夜半歌聲) Nominated
1997 Best Actor Viva Erotica (色情男女) Nominated
Best Original Film Song Who's the Woman, Who's the Man? (金枝玉葉2) Nominated
1998 Best Actor Happy Together (春光乍洩) Nominated
2003 Inner Senses (異度空間) Nominated

Golden Horse Awards[edit]

Year Category Film Result
1991 Best Leading Actor Days of Being Wild (阿飛正傳) Nominated
1993 Best Original Song The Bride With White Hair (白髮魔女傳) Won
1994 He's a Woman, She's a Man (金枝玉葉) Nominated
1995 The Phantom Lover (夜半歌聲) Nominated
1996 Best Leading Actor Temptress Moon (風月) Nominated
Best Original Song Nominated
Who's the Woman, Who's the Man? (金枝玉葉2) Nominated
1997 Best Leading Actor Happy Together (春光乍洩) Nominated
2000 Double Tap (鎗王) Nominated
2002 Inner Senses (異度空間) Nominated

Other film awards[edit]

Year Award Category Film Result
1991 Asia Pacific Film Festival Best Actor Days of Being Wild (阿飛正傳) Nominated
1993 Cannes Film Festival Best Actor Farewell My Concubine (霸王別姬) Nominated
1994 Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards Best Actor Ashes of Time (東邪西毒) Won
Japan Film Critics Society Farewell My Concubine Won
Venice Film Festival Best Actor Ashes of Time Nominated
1996 Cannes Film Festival Best Actor Temptress Moon (風月) Nominated
1997 Cannes Film Festival Best Actor Happy Together (春光乍洩) Nominated

Ming Pao Power Academy Awards[edit]

Year Category Recipient Result
2000 Honorary Award Leslie Cheung (張國榮) Won
Outstanding Male Singer Won
2002 Best Actor Inner Senses (異度空間) Won

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ His alias in Chinese is Cheung Kwok-wing traditional Chinese: 張國榮; simplified Chinese: 张国荣; Jyutping: Zoeng1 Gwok3-wing4, and Leslie is his English name. See Hong Kong name for naming conventions of Hong Kong people

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Leslie Cheung profile". Archived from the original on 18 November 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  2. ^ Lisa Oldham Stokes (2007). Historical Dictionary of Hong Kong Cinema. Scarecrow Press. p. xxvii. ISBN 978-0-8108-5520-5.
  3. ^ "Sina Entertainment News" (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. 3 April 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Sina Entertainment News". Sina Corp. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  5. ^ Leung 2008, p. 85.
  6. ^ a b c Cribb 2003, p. 95.
  7. ^ "List of Award Winner of The 10th Hong Kong Film Awards". Hkfaa.com.
  8. ^ "In memory of Leslie Cheung". China Daily. 31 March 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  9. ^ Chu 2017, p. 211.
  10. ^ "RTHK Classics Channel". Rthk.org.hk.
  11. ^ Chan 2000, p. 62.
  12. ^ Michel Ciment, Hubert Niogret, "Interview of Leslie Cheung", Positif no. 455/1999, Berlin, conducted on 21 February 1998
  13. ^ Shima 1999.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Cheung, Leslie (1985). Leslie Cheung Autobiography (radio programme) (in Cantonese). Commercial Radio Hong Kong. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (help) The autobiography was also included in the compilation album History.His-Story (2004), Capital Artists.
  15. ^ a b c d Corliss, Richard (30 April 2001). "Forever Leslie". Time. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  16. ^ Thomas, Kevin (22 June 1997). "A Career In Full Plume". Los Angeles Times.
  17. ^ a b c Parke, Douglas (30 March 2020). "Leslie Cheung – 7 things you didn't know about the Canto-pop icon, actor and LGBT pioneer". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d Chu 2017, p. 78.
  19. ^ "1983 Awards". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.
  20. ^ Chu 2017, p. 78–79.
  21. ^ "1984 Awards". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016.
  22. ^ a b Stokes & Braaten 2020, p. 91.
  23. ^ "Nomad". Hong Kong Film Archive. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i Chu 2017, p. 79.
  25. ^ "1984 Jade Solid Gold Awards". TVB. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008.
  26. ^ "1984 Gold Songs". RTHK. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008.
  27. ^ a b c "Gold Disc Award". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  28. ^ Chu 2017, p. 206; Wang 2020, p. 369.
  29. ^ Chu 2017, p. 207.
  30. ^ Lok, Laramie (12 September 2018). "Happy birthday, Leslie Cheung: the Canto-pop prince's five most remarkable dancing scenes". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  31. ^ a b c Chu 2017, p. 80.
  32. ^ "Encore screening of Leslie Cheung, Anita Mui classics". The Standard. 29 August 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  33. ^ "In Pictures: Remembering Hong Kong's Leslie Cheung – actor and Cantopop superstar". Hong Kong Free Press. 3 January 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  34. ^ "Leslie Cheung storms the Coliseum". TV Entertainment Times Hong Kong. 1 August 1988.
  35. ^ "Leslie Cheung's tearful farewell in Toronto" 張國榮巡迴告別演唱 淚灑多倫多. 香港周刊 Hong Kong Weekly. 5 October 1989.
  36. ^ Leung 2008, p. 87.
  37. ^ "1988 JSG Best Ten Awards". TVB. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  38. ^ "1989 JSG Best Ten Awards". TVB. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
  39. ^ "Leslie Cheung Memorial Scholarship". Hkapa.edu. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  40. ^ "Leslie Cheung, 46, Pop Singer And Film Actor in Gay Roles". Agence France-Presse. 2 April 2003.
  41. ^ Chu 2017, p. 107.
  42. ^ "List of Winners of 1994 Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards". Filmcritics.org.hk. 17 February 1995.
  43. ^ Lisa Oldham Stokes (2007). Historical Dictionary of Hong Kong Cinema. Scarecrow Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-8108-5520-5.
  44. ^ Yingjin Zhang; Zhiwei Xiao (2002). Encyclopedia of Chinese Film. London & New York: Routledge. p. 118. ISBN 0-203-19555-8.
  45. ^ "Berlinale: 1998 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
  46. ^ "Leslie Cheung's Beloved are sold more than 300,000" Archived 14 April 2005 at the Wayback Machine, Min Pao Weekly, 28 Oct 1995, see
  47. ^ Achievements of Leslie Cheung Archived 13 February 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Yau, Ching (2010). As Normal As Possible. HKU: Hong Kong University Press. pp. 133–149.
  49. ^ "Leslie Cheung's Popularity in Korea". Tw.twent.chinayes.com. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013.
  50. ^ Langlois 2017, p. 427.
  51. ^ "倪詩蓓現狀_張國榮女友倪詩蓓資料簡介及照片曝光【圖】-老男人繁體中文版". Alididi.info. 19 September 2010. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  52. ^ "Leslie Cheung: The life of a legend". Time Out: Hong Kong. 4 February 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  53. ^ {https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1ckXGoqnhw}
  54. ^ Corliss, R. (2001). "Forever Leslie", Time (Asia Edition). Retrieved 17 December 2005.
  55. ^ Lisa Odham Stokes, Michael Hoover, City on fire: Hong Kong cinema, p. 363, 1999.
  56. ^ 為兒童癌病基金賣卡籌款 張國榮帶頭捐一百萬. 1996.12.12 蘋果日報
  57. ^ 东方日报
  58. ^ 1997--明报周刊
  59. ^ 经济日报
  60. ^ --2000太阳报
  61. ^ ---2000 东方日报
  62. ^ 張國榮「護苗」出錢出力 2002-05-21
  63. ^ 2003.3.12 东方日报
  64. ^ 陳淑芬細說 哥哥最後電話, Apple Daily, 29 March 2013
  65. ^ Corliss, R. (2003). "That old feeling: Days of being Leslie" Time magazine Asia Edition. Retrieved 17 December 2005.
  66. ^ a b Stephen Kelly, "WHY DOES IT HAVE TO BE LIKE THIS?" Leslie Cheung, 1956–2003", 8 May 2003
  67. ^ "Leslie Cheung Kwok-Wing commits suicide." Archived 16 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Hong Kong Entertainment News in Review (2003). Retrieved 17 December 2005
  68. ^ a b "Actor Leslie Cheung 'found dead'", BBC, 1 April 2003
  69. ^ "Activities to Commemorate Leslie Cheung" Archived 4 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Xinhua, 2 April 2005
  70. ^ Yu Sen-lun, "The Leslie Cheung Legend Lives on", TaiPei Times, 10 April 2003
  71. ^ Bruce Einhorn, "Hong Kong: A City in Mourning", Bloomberg BusinessWeek, 14 April 2003
  72. ^ "Leslie Cheung, Larger Than Life". 18 April 2008. Archived from the original on 18 April 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  73. ^ "Jonathan Crow, "Leslie Cheung", AOL Allmovie". Movies.aol.com. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  74. ^ "Leslie Cheung's Suicide" Archived 29 August 2005 at the Wayback Machine Gothamist, 3 April 2003
  75. ^ "Week of 5 April 2003". "Life in Legacy. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  76. ^ "Forty Thousands Fans Farewell Leslie Cheung in the Raining Night", Modern Business News, 4 April 2003
  77. ^ 李明皙. "Leslie Cheung's depression cause was biological, according to his sister". Big5.china.com.cn.
  78. ^ "张国荣忧鬱揭秘 生前求助白龙王不果". Oriental Daily.
  79. ^ Leslie Cheung's origami display delayed Yahoo!! Malaysia
  80. ^ "Red Mission 繼續張國榮歌影迷國際聯盟". Red Mission. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  81. ^ "Leslie Cheung is remembered on his 60th birthday". 12 September 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  82. ^ "Leslie Cheung Movie Screening". PMQ Hong Kong. 19 September 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  83. ^ "The gender benders 丨 Focus HK". data:blog.title. Retrieved 10 May 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Simon Broughton, Mark Ellingham, World Music Volume 2: Latin and North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, BBC Radio, 2000, ISBN 1-85828-636-0
  • Kei Mori, "夢想之欠片 (Broken pieces of dreams)", Renga Shyobo Shinshya Co Ltd, Tokyo, Japan, 2004, ISBN 4-902603-55-1
  • Chitose Shima, "Leslie Cheung Interview", All About Leslie, p25–40, Sangyo Henshu Center Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, 1999, ISBN 4-916199-10-3
  • Chitose Shima, Time of Leslie Cheung, Sangyo Henshu Center Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, 2004, ISBN 4-916199-59-6
  • Lisa Oldham Stokes (2007). Historical Dictionary of Hong Kong Cinema. Scarecrow Press. pp. 76–79. ISBN 978-0-8108-5520-5.
  • City Entertainment Editor Committee, Leslie Cheung's Movie World 2 (1991–1995), City Entertainment, Hong Kong, 2006, ISBN 962-8114-98-0
  • De Hui, Leslie Cheung's Movie Life I, II, Shanghai Bookstore Publishing House, Shanghai, 2006, ISBN 7-80678-557-4.
  • Yingjin Zhang; Zhiwei Xiao (2002). Encyclopedia of Chinese Film. London & New York: Routledge. p. 118. ISBN 0-203-19555-8.
  • Helen Hok-Sze Leung, "In Queer Memory: Leslie Cheung (1956-2003)" In "Undercurrents Queer Culture and Postcolonial Hong Kong", UBC Press, Vancouver, 2008, p. 85 -105, ISBN 978-0-7748-1469-0

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Hong Kong Film Awards
Preceded by
Chow Yun-Fat for All About Ah Long
Best Actor
1991 for Days of Being Wild
Succeeded by
Eric Tsang for Alan and Eric Between Hello and Goodbye
Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards
Preceded by
None
Best Actor
1994
Succeeded by
Stephen Chow
RTHK Top 10 Gold Songs Awards
Preceded by
Anita Mui
Golden Needle Award
1999
Succeeded by
Jacky Cheung
Jade Solid Gold Best Ten Music Awards
Preceded by
Alan Tam
Most Popular Male Artist
1988, 1989
Succeeded by
Andy Lau
Preceded by
Vacant
Honours Award
1999, 2000
Succeeded by
Anita Mui
Ultimate Song Chart Awards
Preceded by
None
Ultimate Male Artist Gold Award
1988, 1989
Succeeded by
Anthony Lun
Ming Pao Power Academy Awards
Preceded by
None
Honorary Award
2000 (& Andy Lau)
Succeeded by
Stephen Chow
Preceded by
None
Outstanding Male Singer
2000
Succeeded by
Eason Chan
Preceded by
Andy Lau for Love on a Diet
Outstanding Actor in Film
2002 for Inner Senses
Succeeded by
Andy Lau for Running on Karma