|Nickname(s)||The Flying Gypsy|
|Died||c. August 1927 (disappeared)
Mid Atlantic Ocean
Royal Air Force
|Years of service||1916–1919
No. 17 Squadron RAF
No. 150 Squadron RAF
No. 24 Squadron RAF
|Battles/wars||World War I
• Macedonian Front
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross
Order of the British Empire
|Other work||Disappeared in attempt to fly Atlantic Ocean from east to west.|
Flying Officer Leslie Hamilton DFC, MBE, was a British World War I flying ace credited with six aerial victories. He disappeared while attempting the first non-stop east-west flight across the Atlantic Ocean. His Fokker F.VIIa, named St. Raphael, was last seen in mid-Atlantic by SS Josiah Macy, a Standard Oil ship.
World War I service
Hamilton was commissioned into the Corps of Royal Engineers as a second lieutenant on 12 June 1916. He was promoted to lieutenant on 12 December 1917, and having transferred to the Royal Flying Corps to train as a pilot, was appointed a flying officer on 17 January 1918.
Hamilton was posted to No. 17 Squadron stationed in Salonika, Greece, flying a SE.5a. His first victory was on 21 April and was shared with fellow ace Acheson Goulding. After No. 17 Squadron was merged with No. 47 Squadron to form No. 150 Squadron, Hamilton scored five more wins. The four triumphs he notched between 4 May and 4 September were shared with other aces, such as Gerald Gibbs, Frederick Travers, and Gerald Gordon Bell. Hamilton's sixth and last win, on 18 September 1918, was a solo one.
He was subsequently awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, which was gazetted in February 1919. His citation read:
- Lieutenant Leslie Hamilton. (Salonika)
- A gallant and skilful scout pilot who never hesitates to attack enemy formations, however superior in numbers. During recent operations he has rendered exceptional service. He has himself brought down, or assisted to bring down, six enemy machines.
Post war RAF career
Hamilton was granted a short-service commission in the RAF on 24 October 1919, but relinquished both his temporary and short service commissions at his own request on 28 November, and was transferred to unemployed list. However, he soon returned to RAF service, being granted another short service commission on 14 July 1920 with the rank of flying officer.
In 1922 he was serving in No. 24 Squadron, based at Kenley, and in June he took part in the 3rd RAF Aerial Pageant at Hendon Aerodrome, coming second in a race between Avro 504s, and with the rest his squadron giving a demonstration of formation flying in Bristol Fighters. In September the same year he took part in the first King's Cup Race, flying an Airco DH.9C belonging to Lady Anne Savile (Princess Loewenstein-Wertheim), who flew with him as a passenger. They came sixth.
In the June 1923 King's Birthday Honours he was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire. In July he took part in the Fourth RAF Aerial Pageant, again taking part in the Avro 504 race, and again coming second. He was granted a permanent commission in the RAF on 5 September.
In July 1924 he took part on the Fifth RAF Aerial Pageant, as part of team representing Kenley in an aerial relay race. Each team consisted of an Avro 504, a Bristol Fighter and a Sopwith Snipe, with Hamilton flying the Avro in the winning team. No. 24 Squadron mounted another Aerial Pageant at Kenley in a week later organised by the Air Ministry and the Empire Press Union for the benefit of 170 members of the Canadian Weekly Newspaper Association. Hamilton, flying an Avro 504, gave a demonstration of stunt flying. Hamilton was posted to the Inland Area Aircraft Depot at Henlow on 17 September 1924, and on 3 December was placed on half-pay. He was restored to full pay on 15 September 1925, only to resign his commission for good on 19 September.
Hamilton acquired a Martinsyde F.6 (G-EBDK) from F. P. Raynham, and on 29 January 1925 he flew from London to St. Moritz, Switzerland, via Paris, Zurich, and Chur, a total distance of 450 miles, being airborne for eight hours. In August he competed in two events at the Royal Aero Club Meeting at Lympne Aerodrome, Kent.
Hamilton, along with Geoffrey de Havilland, Hubert Broad and others, was a founder member of the British Private Aircraft Owners' Club on 17 February 1926. During the General Strike in May Hamilton was one of the pilots taking part a scheme organised by the Royal Aero Club to deliver newspapers by air. Hamilton also entered the 1926 King's Cup Race, but was obliged to withdraw as his engine was not ready in time.
In 1926–27 Hamilton operated a private flying taxi service in Switzerland and the South of France flying a Vickers Viking IV amphibious aircraft (G-EBED). (A replica of G-EBED can be seen at Brooklands Museum.)
Atlantic flight and disappearance
Hamilton was then involved in an attempt to make the first flight across the Atlantic from east to west, flying from England to Ottawa, Canada. Princess Lowenstein-Wertheim, a widowed aircraft enthusiast, provided the finance and the aircraft, a Fokker F.VIIa (G-EBTQ) fitted with a 500 hp Bristol Jupiter engine, and named St. Raphael. The aircraft, flown by Hamilton and Frederick F. Minchin from Imperial Airways, with Princess Lowenstein-Wertheim as passenger, took off from Upavon Aerodrome, Wiltshire, on 31 August 1927 at 7.15 a.m. They flew along the south coast of Wales, across to Ireland, making their departure over the Aran Islands. The last confirmed sighting was made by the oil tanker SS Josiah Macy at 9.44 p.m in the mid-Atlantic. Around 6 a.m the next morning the Dutch steamer SS Blijdendijik reported seeing a white light travelling eastward in the sky when about 420 miles east-south-east of New York, which, if it were St. Raphael, was far to the south of its intended route, suggesting that they were lost. The aircraft was never seen again.
- "Leslie Hamilton". The Aerodrome. 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 30 June 1916.
- The London Gazette: . 16 August 1918.
- The London Gazette: . 26 March 1918.
- Shores et.al. (1990).
- The London Gazette: . 7 February 1919.
- The London Gazette: . 24 October 1919.
- The London Gazette: . 28 November 1919.
- The London Gazette: . 28 November 1919.
- The London Gazette: . 23 July 1920.
- "Personals: Married". Flight. XIII (655): 474. 14 July 1921. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "The Third R.A.F. Aerial Pageant". Flight. XIV (705): 369–372. 29 June 1922. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "King's Cup Race". Flight. XIV (716): 527–531. 14 September 1922. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 1 June 1923.
- "The Fourth R.A.F Aerial Pageant". Flight. XV (758): 360. 5 July 1923. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 4 September 1923.
- "The Fifth R.A.F. Aerial Pageant". Flight. XVI (810): 422. 3 July 1924. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "An Aerial Pageant at Kenley". Flight. XVI (811): 436. 10 July 1924. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Royal Air Force Appointments". Flight. XVI (824): 663. 9 October 1924. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 9 December 1924.
- The London Gazette: . 15 December 1925.
- The London Gazette: . 25 September 1925.
- "London–St. Moritz Flight". Flight. XVII (842): 82. 12 February 1925. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Royal Aero Club 1925 August Meeting at Lympne". Flight. XVII (866): 479–480. 30 July 1925. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "British Private Aircraft Owners' Club". Flight. XVIII (896): 110. 25 February 1926. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Air Transport". Flight. XVIII (909): 310. 27 May 1926. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "The King's Cup Race". Flight. XVIII (916): 423. 15 July 1926. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "The Activities of Mr. Leslie Hamilton". Flight. XIX (956): 250. 21 April 1927. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Powered Aircraft". Brooklands Museum. 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- Moore, Craig (2014). "Vickers 54 Viking Mk IV amphibious biplane". Surviving Restored World War One Aircraft 1914-1918. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "The Atlantic Flights". Flight. XIX (976): 634. 8 September 1927. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- Shores, Christopher F.; Franks, Norman & Guest, Russell F. (1990). Above the Trenches: a Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. London, UK: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9.
- "By Air To Anywhere". British Pathé. 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "By Air Taxi Over The Alps". British Pathé. 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Crash of a Fokker F7a in the Atlantic". B3A Aircraft Accidents Archives. 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "The German Princess lost in flight off Canada". Pamea's Blog. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "The Atlantic Challenge". Century of Flight. 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2015.