Leslie Lynch King Sr.
|Leslie Lynch King Sr.|
Leslie Lynch King Sr., circa 1900
Leslie Lynch King|
July 25, 1884
Chadron, Nebraska, U.S.
February 18, 1941 (aged 56)|
Tucson, Arizona, U.S.
Forest Lawn Memorial Park,|
Glendale, California, U.S.
|Known for||Biological father of Gerald Ford|
Dorothy Ayer Gardner (1912–1913)|
Margaret Atwood (1919–1941)
Gerald Ford (1913–2006)|
Marjorie B. King (1921–1993)
Leslie Henry King (1923–1976)
Patricia Jane King (1925–1980)
Charles Henry King |
Martha Porter King
Leslie Lynch King Sr. (July 25, 1884 – February 18, 1941) was the biological father of U.S. President Gerald Ford. Because of his alcoholism and abusive behavior, his wife, Dorothy Gardner, left him sixteen days after Ford's birth. King is believed to have seen him only once, while Ford was in high school.
King was born in Chadron, Nebraska, the son of businessman Charles Henry King and Martha Alicia (née Porter) King. King attended military academy in Missouri. His father founded several small trading towns in Nebraska and Wyoming along the railroad. He also became a banker and was very successful. In 1908, the family moved to Omaha, Nebraska, where his parents commissioned the construction of a large Victorian mansion.
In May 1908, King, his father, Dana C. Bradford and H. C. Brome incorporated the Omaha Wool and Storage company, a business King would later take over. King was prone to violence, and in November of 1908 he and his father were indicted for beating one of their employees. King's father later took a primary house in Los Angeles and since the company's business interests were largely in Wyoming, the younger King would become the primary manager. King would later take a residence in Los Angeles as well.
Marriage and family
While one of his sisters, Marietta, was at Wellesley College in Wellesley, Massachusetts, King met and courted her roommate, Dorothy Ayer Gardner of Harvard, Illinois. They were married on September 7, 1912 at Christ Episcopal Church. Dorothy and King returned to Omaha where King was working. King was ten years older than his wife. When they returned to Omaha, Dorothy discovered that King was not as wealthy as he claimed, in fact he was deep in debt. On their honeymoon to the West Coast and then in Omaha, King abused his wife, and eventually threw her out. Dorothy returned to her parents' home in Illinois, and a few weeks later Leslie came to their home and Dorothy agreed to return to Omaha with him
They initially lived with his parents at 3202 Woolworth in the Hanscom Park neighborhood, a central part of the city. After returning from Illinois, however, they moved into a basement apartment. Their son, Leslie Jr., was born on July 14, 1913. Dorothy had quickly learned that King was abusive, short-tempered and had trouble with alcohol. A few days after their son's birth, King gestured at his wife and son with a knife and threatened to kill them. Dorothy quickly completed plans to leave her husband; she would not tolerate the abuse, or the threats to their son's safety. King also quarreled with his mother-in-law.
Sixteen days after the birth, Dorothy Gardner King left Omaha with her son for Oak Park, Illinois, home of her sister Tannisse and brother-in-law Clarence Haskins James. From there, she moved to the home of her parents Levi Addison Gardner and Adele Augusta (née Ayer) in Grand Rapids, Michigan. On December 19, 1913, an Omaha court granted a divorce to the Kings. Leslie King refused to pay child support, and the court found that he had no money and no job. King's father had recently fired him for mismanaging a warehouse, overdrawing his bank account, and poor personal conduct. In 1916, Charles H. King agreed to pay the delinquent alimony and future child support until his death on the stipulation that Dorothy drop charges against Leslie.
On February 1, 1917, Dorothy Gardner King married Grand Rapids businessman Gerald Rudolff Ford. They called her son Gerald Ford Jr., although he was not formally adopted. In honor of his stepfather, in 1935 at the age of 22, young Gerald legally changed his name to Gerald Rudolph Ford, adopting the more-common spelling of his middle name. The Fords also had three sons together.
King married Margaret Atwood in Reno, Nevada, in 1919. They had three children:
- Marjorie Bell King (1921 – April 8, 1993)
- Leslie "Bud" Henry King (March 28, 1923 – December 2, 1976)
- Patricia Jane King (1925-1980)
Later years and death
Gerald Ford's mother and stepfather did not tell him of his biological father until shortly before he turned fifteen, in 1928. Ford described his biological father as "a carefree, well-to-do man who didn't really give a damn about the hopes and dreams of his firstborn son". Ford's paternal grandfather, Charles Henry King, took care of his first grandson and paid Ford's mother child support until shortly before his death in 1930. After his death, King inherited $50,000 ($687,000 in 2016 dollars), and Dorothy got a judgement from Nebraska courts to force King to pay support, but King was living in Wyoming, outside of Nebraska's legal jurisdiction, and continued to refuse.
King met his firstborn son again for the first time when Ford was a sophomore in high school. King came to Michigan to pick up a new car and visited Ford where the future president was working at a restaurant in Grand Rapids. They had a superficial conversation. King, who had never paid child support, handed Ford $25. It is believed that the two had no further contact, although it is also reported that Ford visited King Sr. one summer at King's spacious home in Wyoming when Ford was working at Yellowstone, and that King once visited his son at Yale when Ford was assistant football coach there.
In 1939, King moved from his home in Riverton, Wyoming to Lincoln, Nebraska. In Nebraska, he was arrested for failing to pay alimony, particularly what was due after the death of King's father in 1931.
King died on February 18, 1941, in Tucson, Arizona. He was buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park, in Glendale, California, near his parents. In 1949, his widow Margaret King married Roy Mather.
- University of Texas Ford Genealogy Archived December 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Youth Told 'You're my Son' News Journal (Mansfield, Ohio) (originally in the Los Angeles Times) August 14, 1974, page 3, accessed February 20, 2017 at https://web.archive.org/web/20170221110129/https://www.newspapers.com/clip/9063428/youth_told_youre_my_son_news_journal/
- Wool Company is Incorporated, The Kearney Daily Hub (Kearney, Nebraska) May 19, 1908, page 1, accessed February 22, 2017 at https://www.newspapers.com/clip/9101569/wool_company_is_incorporated_the/
- Mrs. King Tells Hers Story, Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, Nebraska) October 21, 1913, page 8, accessed February 20, 2017 at https://www.newspapers.com/clip/9063640/mrs_king_tells_hers_story_omaha_daily/
- Claims Kings Beat Him, Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, Nebraska) November 22, 1908, page 5, accessed February 22, 2017 at https://www.newspapers.com/clip/9101596/claims_kings_beat_him_omaha_daily_bee/
- List of Indictments found, Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, Nebraska) December 5, 1908, page 8, accessed February 22, 2017 at https://www.newspapers.com/clip/9101610/list_of_indictments_found_omaha_daily/
- Cannon and Cannon, 2103, p40
- Gullan 2004
- Cannon and Cannon 2013, p41
- "Gerald R. Ford", excerpt from an essay on Gerald Ford by James M. Cannon for Character Above All: Ten Presidents from FDR to George Bush (Wilson, Robert A., editor (1995)), essay hosted on PBS website , accessed August 21, 2009.
- Cannon and Cannon 2013, p41
- Cannon and Cannon 2013, p42
- Father Has Agreed to Pay Son's Alimony, Omaha World Herald (Omaha, Nebraska) October 19, 1916, page 1
- Ford, Gerald. A Time to Heal: The Autobiography of Gerald R. Ford. Harper & Row. p. 48. ISBN 9780060112974.
- Holmes 2012, p125
- Young 1997
- "Nebraska-born, Ford Left State as Infant", The Associated Press, The New York Times, December 27, 2006 (website registration required).
- Cannon and Cannon 2013, p46-47 (Cannon reports it as $20)
- Holmes 2012, p124
- Say King Failed to Pay Alimony, The Lincoln Star (Lincoln, Nebraska) May 5, 1939, page 15, accessed February 20, 2017 at https://web.archive.org/web/20170221110213/https://www.newspapers.com/clip/9063779/say_king_failed_to_pay_alimony_the/
- Gullan, Harold I. First Fathers: The men who inspired our presidents. Wiley, 2004. p241-243
- Holmes, David L. The Faiths of the Postwar Presidents: From Truman to Obama. Vol. 5. University of Georgia Press, 2012. p124 via Project MUSE (subscription required)
- James Cannon, Scott Cannon. Gerald R. Ford: An Honorable Life. University of Michigan Press, 2013. via Project MUSE (subscription required)
- Wead, Doug. The Raising of a President: The Mothers and Fathers of Our Nation's Leaders. Simon and Schuster, 2005. p400-401
- Young, Jeff C. The Fathers of American Presidents: From Augustine Washington to William Blythe and Roger Clinton. McFarland & Company, 1997. p205-207