Leslie François Manigat
|34th President of Haiti|
February 7, 1988 – June 20, 1988
|Prime Minister||Martial Célestin|
|Preceded by||Henri Namphy|
|Succeeded by||Henri Namphy|
Leslie François Saint Roc Manigat
August 16, 1930
|Died||June 27, 2014 (aged 83)|
|Political party||Rally of Progressive National Democrats|
|Spouse(s)||1) Marie-Lucie Chancy |
2) Mirlande Hyppolite (1970–2014; his death)
Leslie François Saint Roc Manigat (August 16, 1930 – June 27, 2014) was a Haitian politician who was elected as President of Haiti in a tightly controlled military held election in January 1988. He served as President for only a few months, from February 1988 to June 1988, before being ousted by the military.
Leslie Manigat was a professor at the prestigious l'Université de Paris-VIII Vincennes, where he gave courses on World History. He also published articles on education in various Haitian newspapers: Le Nouvelliste, La Phalange, and Le Matin.
1988 Haitian presidential elections
According to the Provisional Electoral Council (Conseil Electoral Provisoire, or CEP) he won the presidential election of January 17, 1988 with 50.29% of the votes, defeating ten other candidates. However, voter turnout was well under 10%. Few historians and vote monitors consider this election to have been democratic. He was inaugurated on February 7, 1988, and named Martial Célestin as his Prime Minister in March. He was overthrown by Gen. Henri Namphy on June 20, 1988 in the June 1988 Haitian coup d'état. He ran for president again in the February 2006 election but was defeated, receiving 12.40% of the vote and placing a distant second behind René Préval.
He died on June 27, 2014 at the age of 83.
Leslie Manigat won The Haiti Grand Prize of literature 2004, given at the Miami Book Fair International of 2004. Nominees for the Prize were: Edwidge Danticat, René Depestre, Jean-Claude Fignolé, Odette Roy Fombrun, Frankétienne, Gary Klang, Dany Laferrière and Josaphat-Robert Large.
- Une date littéraire, un événement pédagogique - Essay, Port-au-Prince, 1962
- L'Amérique latine au XXe Siècle - History, Université de Paris I Sorbonne, 1973
- "Haiti Ex-President Leslie Manigat Has Died - ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- Padgett, Tim (2010-11-15). "Former First Lady Mirlande Manigat Could Be Next Haitian President". TIME. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- Bibliographie des Etudes littéraires haïtiennes 1804-1984 (Bibliography of Haitian literary Studies) by Léon-François Hoffmann, EDICEF/AUPELF, Vanves, 1992
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- Editions Richelieu, Univers Contemporain, Paris, 1973
- Jacques Nicolas Léger, Haiti: Her History and Her Detractors, 1907
| President of Haïti
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