Leslie Parrish

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Leslie Parrish
Gary Lockwood Leslie Parrish 1962.JPG
Parrish with Gary Lockwood in Follow the Sun, 1962
Born March 18, 1935 (age 80)
Melrose, Massachusetts, USA
Occupation Actress, Activist, Writer, Producer
Spouse(s) Ric Marlow (1955–1961; divorced)
Richard Bach (1977–1999; divorced)
Website Official website

Leslie Parrish (born March 18, 1935) is an American actress who worked under her birth name, Marjorie Hellen, until she changed it in 1959. She is also an activist, environmentalist, writer and producer.

As a child, she lived in Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey and eventually, at age 10, settled in Upper Black Eddy, Pennsylvania. At age 14 she was a talented and promising piano and composition student at the Philadelphia Conservatory of Music.[1] She earned money for her tuition by working as a maid, teaching piano (at age 16) and doing waitress work. At age 18, in order to earn enough money to continue her education at the Conservatory, her mother convinced her to become a model for one year so she could continue her studies.[2][3]

Modeling and Acting[edit]

In April 1954, as a 19-year-old model with the Conover Agency in New York City, she went under contract to NBC-TV as "Miss Color TV" (she was used during broadcasts as a human test pattern to check accuracy of skin tones).[4][5] She was quickly discovered and in November, 1954 went under contract to Twentieth Century Fox in Hollywood. In 1956, she went under contract to MGM Pictures.[6] Because acting allowed her to help her family financially,[7] she remained in Hollywood and gave up her career in music.

Films and Television[edit]

In 1959, Parrish was cast in her first starring role as Daisy Mae in the motion picture Li'l Abner (Paramount Pictures) changing her name from Marjorie Hellen to Leslie Parrish at the director's request.[8] She then starred in “Portrait of a Mobster” (plus many television shows) and, in 1962, did the film, The Manchurian Candidate in which she co-starred as Laurence Harvey’s wife, Jocelyn Jordan. While it was not a major role, she did it to work in what is generally considered a classic motion picture with director John Frankenheimer and actors Frank Sinatra, Angela Lansbury and Laurence Harvey.[9]

Parrish co-starred/guest-starred in numerous films and television shows throughout the 1960's and 1970's. In 1967, she guest-starred on Star Trek in an episode entitled "Who Mourns For Adonais?". She played Lt. Carolyn Palamas, the goddess love interest for the character Apollo (played by Michael Forest).[10] The following year she played the role of Layle Johnson, love interest of Peter Breck, in an episode of The Big Valley entitled "A Bounty on a Barkley". In the 25 years that Parrish worked in Hollywood she amassed an extensive résumé of films and television credits. She starred opposite with Kirk Douglas in 'For Love or Money', Jerry Lewis in 'Three on a Couch' and starred/guest-starred in nearly 100 films and television shows including The Wild Wild West, My Three Sons, The Man From U.N.C.L.E., Mannix, Police Story, McCloud, and more (see full credits list below).

However, while acting provided financial stability, her main interest was in social causes including the anti war and civil rights movements [11] and, as far back as the mid 1950's, the environment.

Political Activism[edit]

Over time, her interests in social movements and politics became her main work. She was a vocal opponent against the Vietnam War, a member of the 'Jeannette Rankin Brigade', a group of notable and important women who fought against the war and for civil rights.[12] In 1967 she participated in a peace march in Century City (adjacent to Beverly Hills) where she and thousands of other protestors were attacked and beaten by police and the National Guard. The President of the United States was present at the Century Plaza Hotel and helicopters were flying overhead with machine guns pointed at the marchers, [13][14] but no mention of this shocking event was made on television or newspapers.[15]

Parrish started to make speeches in the Los Angeles area, telling residents what the media did not report and speaking out against the war. Impressed with her speaking abilities several anti-war professors from UCLA asked her to organize more like-minded actors and actresses willing to speak out.[16] Within two weeks she had created "STOP!" (Speakers and Talent Organized for Peace), an organization of two dozen members ready to engage the public.[17][18] Within a very short time this organization grew to 125 speakers and many more as time went on..[19]

On August 6, 1967 Parrish helped organize a protest march of 17,000 people on the "Miracle Mile" of Wilshire Boulevard in Los Angeles. This march was thoroughly covered by the media and received national attention. She also created a popular bumper sticker: 'SUPPOSE THEY GAVE A WAR AND NO ONE CAME'.[20][21][22] She and her friends distributed hundreds from their vehicles. Walter Cronkite reported that Bobby Kennedy had one in his plane. Someone later published the bumper sticker, changing the original wording to 'WHAT IF they gave a war and no one came' but to Parrish, the important thing was spreading that message.

In October 1967, a private meeting was arranged between Parrish and Bobby Kennedy by mutual friend and well-known Kennedy photographer, Stanley Tretick.[23][24] She begged Bobby to run for president telling him that huge, influential organizations opposed to the war in Vietnam were ready to support him if he ran. Kennedy refused again and again, saying he could not oppose Lyndon Johnson, a sitting president. [25][26] On November 30, Eugene McCarthy, a brilliant yet little-known senator, declared he would run against the war and challenge Johnson. Parrish was elected chair of his speaker's bureau and utilized STOP! to develop support for McCarthy.[27] On March 12, 1968, McCarthy almost defeated Johnson in the New Hampshire primary winning 42% of the vote. On March 16 (four days later) Bobby Kennedy announced that he would run for president. Two weeks later, on March 31, Johnson declared that he would not run again for president. Parrish remained loyal to McCarthy and was elected a delegate to represent him in August at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.[28]

On April 4, 1968, Parrish and 'Star Trek's' Leonard Nimoy, (who was a STOP! member and supporter of Eugene McCarthy), flew to San Francisco to open McCarthy’s new headquarters there. After they left, they learned that Dr. Martin Luther King had been assassinated. Nimoy and Parrish cried during the speeches they gave that evening. The country was in shock and in mourning. Only two months later on June 6, Bobby Kennedy, who had just won the California primary and would have been the Democratic Party's nominee, was assassinated too. The country once again mourned.

In August, during the Chicago Democratic Convention, McCarthy delegates, including Parrish, spent little time on the convention floor. The real work was outside the Hilton Hotel where violent clashes between spectators and police were being covered by live television [29][30] and thousands of people chanted "The Whole World is Watching."

Hubert Humphrey was nominated by the convention but lost the election to Richard Nixon. While still in Chicago, the peace movement began working toward the 1972 election, hoping to elect George McGovern. McGovern did win primaries and Parrish served as a delegate at the 1972 Democratic Convention in Miami, Florida.[31][32] But McGovern lost to Richard Nixon, partially because of a series of dirty tricks.[33][34]

During this very active era in politics, Parrish worked in numerous political campaigns (presidential, gubernatorial, senatorial, congressional, mayoral) and with many different organizations producing public events and fund-raisers for them. Her last major production was the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (MOBE) held November 16, 1969 at San Francisco's Polo Grounds.[35]

Los Angeles Municipal Government[edit]

In 1969, Parrish joined many in an effort to remove Los Angeles mayor Samuel William "Sam" Yorty from office. She supported and campaigned for a young former police lieutenant named Tom Bradley who was then the city’s first black city councilman. Despite high polling numbers prior to the election, Bradley lost to Yorty giving rise to what was later known as “The Bradley Effect.”[36] Next day, he decided to run again and over the next four years Parrish worked with him closely to help ensure victory in the next mayoral election. In 1973, Tom Bradley became Los Angeles’ first black mayor. Parrish was one of forty activist citizens who served on Bradley's Blue Ribbon Commission to choose new Los Angeles Commissioners.[37] Over the next 20 years, Tom Bradley brought massive development to the city and was re-elected five times, setting a record for length of tenure. Parrish and Tom Bradley remained friends for many years.

Creator of Innovative Television[edit]

The lack of media coverage during the Century City riots in 1967 prompted Parrish to think of a new way to cover such events live to prevent suppression and/or manipulation of the news. In 1969, she began to create a television station that would devote itself to covering public events and provide in-depth analysis and discussions of important developments in the world. In 1974, KVST-TV [38] (Viewer Sponsored Television, Channel 68, Los Angeles) went on the air as part of the PBS system of stations. Film notables, business people and local activists formed the board of directors and provided support for the unique station. After a difficult start, KVST was receiving positive reviews in Los Angeles and nation-wide attention. However, by 1976, internal dissention on the board of directors lead to the demise of the station.[39] The signal was turned off and KVST-TV was never heard from again.[40] In 1979, C-SPAN went on the air. It mirrored many of KVST's objectives including the mobile bus to cover distant events live. It developed the concepts further, and is a major success today.

Environmental Activism[edit]

Parrish’s concern for the environment dates back to the 1950's when Los Angeles’ severe smog, and the reason for it, worried her. In 1979, she and her then-husband, Richard Bach, built an experimental home in southwest Oregon using 100% solar power - no cooling or heating systems ― only solar power to prove it could be done.

While living in Oregon, Parrish saw devastated forests managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and decided to protest a local timber sale.[41] With two neighbors, she and Richard established an organization called "Threatened and Endangered: Little Applegate Valley" (TELAV). They worked for two years researching and writing a 600-page legal-and- scientifically-based protest of BLM’s logging of forests which would not regenerate, which was illegal.[42][43][44] The BLM assistant state director eventually agreed, telling the “Medford Mail Tribune” that …“The sale involves enough improprieties in BLM rules and procedures that it can’t be legally awarded. In order to comply with our own procedures we had no choice but to withdraw the sale and reject all bids.” The TELAV protest document served as the basis for many future timber sale protests in the U.S. and Canada. TELAV continues to fight for the environment to this day and the Little Applegate Valley has never been logged.[45]

In 1999, Parrish created a 240-acre wildlife sanctuary on Orcas Island (in the San Juan Islands, Washington State) to save it from normal development techniques which include logging. She named it the "Spring Hill Wildlife Sanctuary".[46] For seventeen years, she carefully developed the ridge-top property by creating nearly a dozen small, hidden home sites on 25% of the land while preserving the remainder in perpetuity within the San Juan Preservation Trust. While the property is now fully developed there are no breaks in the heavily-forested ridge line. The developed land is invisible from the island community and the forest is intact.

Marriages[edit]

Parrish married Ric Marlow in 1955; the couple divorced in 1961.[47] She married Richard Bach, the author of Jonathan Livingston Seagull, in 1977, whom she met during the making of the movie of the same name. She was a major element in two of his subsequent books—The Bridge Across Forever and One—which primarily focused on their relationship and Bach's concept of soulmates.[48][49] They divorced in 1999.

Complete Film Credits[edit]

  • ‘’The Virgin Queen’’ - character: Anne (credited as Marjorie Hellen), 20th Century Fox (1955)
  • ‘’A Man called Peter’’ - character: Newlywed (credited as Marjorie Hellen), 20th Century Fox (1955)
  • ‘’Daddy Long Legs’’ - character: College Girl (credited as Marjorie Hellen), 20th Century Fox (1955)
  • ‘’How to be Very, Very Popular’’ - character: Girl On Bus (credited as Marjorie Hellen), 20th Century Fox (1955)
  • ‘’The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing’’ - character: Floradora Girl (credited as Marjorie Hellen), 20th Century Fox (1955)
  • ‘’The Lieutenant Wore Skirts’’ - character: Tipsy Girl At Party (credited as Marjorie Hellen), 20th Century Fox (1956)
  • ‘’The Power and the Prize’’ - character: Telephone Operator (credited as Marjorie Hellen), MGM Pictures (1956)
  • ‘’Hot Summer Night’’ - character: Hazel (credited as Marjorie Hellen), MGM Pictures (1957)
  • ‘’Man on Fire’’ - character: Honey (credited as Marjorie Hellen), MGM Pictures (1957)
  • ‘’Tank Battalion’’ - character: Lt. Alice Brent (credited as Marjorie Hellen), American International (1958)
  • ‘’Li'l Abner’’ - character: Daisy Mae, Paramount Pictures (1959)
  • ‘’Portrait of a Mobster’’ - character: Iris Murphy, Warner Bros Pictures. (1961)
  • ‘’The Manchurian Candidate’’ - character: Jocelyn Jordan, United Artists (1962)
  • ‘’For Love or Money’’ - character: Jan Brasher, Universal Pictures (1963)
  • ‘’Sex and the Single Girl’’ - character: Susan, Warner Bros. Pictures (1964)
  • ‘’Three on a Couch’’ - character: Mary Lou Mauve, Columbia Picture (1966)
  • ‘’The Money Jungle’’ - character: Treva Saint, Commonwealth Pictures (1968)
  • ‘’The Candy Man’’ - character: Julie Evans, Allied Artists (1969)
  • ‘’The Devil's 8’’ - character: Cissy, American International (1969)
  • ‘’Brother, Cry for Me’’ (aka: Boca Affair) - character: Jenny Noble, Fine Productions (1970)
  • ‘’D.A.: Conspiracy to Kill’’ - character: Ramona Bertrand, NBC Telefilm (1971)
  • ‘’Banyon’’ - character: Ruth Sprague, NBC Telefilm (1971)
  • ‘’The Giant Spider Invasion’’ - character: Ev, Transcentury Pictures (1975)
  • ‘’The Astral Factor’’ (aka: The Invisible Strangler) - character: Colleen Hudson, Seymour, Borde & Associates (1976)
  • ‘’Crash!’’ - character: Kathy Logan, BLC / Group 1 International (1977)

Complete Television Credits[edit]

  • Steve Canyon - episode "Operation Big Thunder" - character: Brannigan's Girl (originally broadcast on CBS, January 3, 1959)
  • Bold Venture - (SYNDICATED by ZIV Television Prod. 1959)
  • The Rough Riders - episode "Deadfall" - character: Cleopatra (originally broadcast on ABC, May 21, 1959)
  • Tightrope - episode "Gangster's Daughter" - character: Theresa (originally broadcast on CBS, April 12, 1960)
  • Perry Mason - episode "The Case of the Madcap Modiste" - character: Hope Sutherland (originally broadcast on CBS, April 30, 1960)
  • Bat Masterson - episode "The Elusive Baguette" - character: Lucy Carter (originally broadcast on NBC, June 2, 1960)
  • The Aquanauts - episode "Collision" - character: Jill Talley (originally broadcast on CBS, September 21, 1960)
  • The Roaring 20's - episode "Champagne Lady" - character; Bubbles LaPeer (originally broadcast on ABC, October 22, 1960)
  • Bat Masterson - episode "A Time to Die" - character: Lisa Anders (originally broadcast on NBC, December 15, 1960)
  • Hawaiian Eye - episode "Services Rendered" - character: Marcella (originally broadcast on ABC, December 21, 1960)
  • Michael Shayne - episode "Death Selects the Winner" - character: Ellen Cook (originally broadcast on NBC, December 23, 1960)
  • 77 Sunset Strip - episode "The Positive Negative" - character: Amanda Sant (originally broadcast on ABC, January 27, 1961)
  • Acapulco - episode "Fisher's Daughter" - character: unknown (originally broadcast on NBC, April 3, 1961)
  • Surfside 6 - episode "Circumstantial Evidence" - character: Sunny Golden (originally broadcast on ABC, April 17, 1961)
  • The Jim Backus Show (aka: Hot off the Wire) - episode "The Plant" - character: unknown (originally broadcast on CNP Syndicate, April 18, 1961)
  • Bringing Up Buddy - episode "The Couple Next Door" - character: unknown (originally broadcast on CBS, June 28, 1961)
  • Perry Mason - episode "The Case of the Impatient Partner" - character: Vivien Ames (originally broadcast on CBS, September 16, 1961)
  • Follow the Sun - episode "Busman's Holiday" - character: Tiffany Caldwell (originally broadcast on ABC, October 22, 1961)
  • Surfside 6 - episode "The Affairs at Hotel Delight" - character: Lavender (originally broadcast on ABC, November 6, 1961)
  • Perry Mason - episode "The Case of the Left-Handed Liar" - character: Veronica Temple (originally broadcast on CBS, November 25, 1961)
  • Bachelor Father - episode "Kelly and the Yes Man" - character: Kim Fontaine (originally broadcast on ABC, January 9, 1962)
  • Hawaiian Eye - episode "Four-Cornered Triangle" - character: Kathy Marsh (originally broadcast on ABC, February 14, 1962)
  • Ichabod and Me - episode "Bob's Housekeeper" - character: Lily Fontain (originally broadcast on CBS, February 27, 1962)
  • Alcoa Premiere - episode "Chain Reaction" - character: Vicki (originally broadcast on ABC, February 21, 1963)
  • Channing - episode "A Doll's House with Pom Pom and Trophies" - character: Joyce Ruskin (originally broadcast on ABC, December 4, 1963)
  • The Lieutenant - episode "Operation Actress" - character: Toni Kaine (originally broadcast on NBC, March 28, 1964)
  • Kraft Suspense Theatre - episode "The Kamchatka Incident" - character: Susan King (originally broadcast on NBC, November 12, 1964)
  • Kentucky Jones - episode "The Sour Note" - character: Miss Patterson (originally broadcast on NBC, November 21, 1964)
  • The Reporter - episode "Murder by Scandal" - character: Ruth Killiam (originally broadcast on CBS, November 27, 1964)
  • The Wild Wild West - episode "The Night the Wizard Shook the Earth" - character: Greta Lundquist (originally broadcast on CBS, October 1, 1965)
  • Insight - episode "Fire Within" - character: Joanne (originally broadcast on Syndicated, December 4, 1965)
  • Batman - episode "The Penguin's a Jinx" - character: Dawn Robbins (originally broadcast on ABC, January 20, 1966)
  • My Three Sons - episode "Stag at Bay" - character: Flame LaRose (originally broadcast on CBS, September 15, 1966)
  • Green for Danger – pilot episode - character: unknown (originally broadcast on CBS, Fall 1966)
  • The Wild Wild West - episode "The Night of the Flying Pie Plate" - character: Morn/Maggie (originally broadcast on CBS, October 21, 1966)
  • Tarzan - episode "Mask of Rona" - character: Beryl (originally broadcast on NBC, February 17, 1967)
  • Batman - episode "The Duo Defy" - character: Glacia Glaze (originally broadcast on ABC, March 29, 1967)
  • Batman - episode "Ice Spy" - character: Glacia Glaze (originally broadcast on ABC, March 30, 1967)
  • Star Trek - episode "Who Mourns for Adonais?" - character: Lt. Carolyn Palamas (originally broadcast on NBC, September 22, 1967)
  • Good Morning, World - pilot episode "World, Buy Calimari" - character: Audrey Zeiner (originally broadcast on CBS, October 3, 1967)
  • The Man From U.N.C.L.E. - episode "The Master's Touch Affair" - character: Leslie Welling (originally broadcast on NBC, October 16, 1967)
  • The Iron Horse - episode "Dry Run to Glory", character: Eve Lewis (originally broadcast on ABC, January 6, 1968)
  • The Big Valley - episode "A Bounty on a Barkley" - character: Layle Johnson (originally broadcast on ABC, February 26, 1968)
  • Mannix - episode "The Girl in the Frame" - character: Linda Marley (originally broadcast on CBS, March 16, 1968)
  • My Friend Tony - episode "Voices" - character: Lila (originally broadcast on NBC, January 5, 1969)
  • Family Affair - episode "Speak for Yourself, Mr. French" - character: Emily Travers (originally broadcast on CBS, March 17, 1969)
  • Mannix - episode "The Playground" - character: Mona (originally broadcast on CBS, October 18, 1969)
  • Petticoat Junction - episode "The Tenant" - character: Jacquelin Moran (originally broadcast on CBS, November 8, 1969)
  • To Rome with Love - episode "A Palazzo Is Not a Home" - character: Elaine (originally broadcast on CBS, November 16, 1969)
  • Love, American Style - episode "Love and the Mountain Cabin" - character: Mrs. Pfister (originally broadcast on ABC, December 8, 1969)
  • Mannix - episode "The Other Game in Town" - character: T.C. (originally broadcast on CBS, October 31, 1970)
  • Love, American Style - episode "Love and the Pulitzer Prize" - character: Michelle Turner (originally broadcast on ABC, February 5, 1971)
  • Hogan’s Heroes - episode "Kommandant Gertrude" - character: Karen (originally broadcast on CBS, February 28, 1971)
  • Bearcats! - episode "Blood Knot" - character: Liz Blake (originally broadcast on CBS, November 4, 1971)
  • Marcus Welby M.D. - episode "Cross Match" - character: Elaine Perino (originally broadcast on NBC December 14, 1971)
  • Cade’s County - episodes "Slay Ride" - Part 1 - character: Jana Gantry (originally broadcast on CBS, January 31, 1972)
  • Cade’s County - episodes "Slay Ride" - Part 2 - character: Jana Gantry (originally broadcast on CBS, February 6, 1972)
  • O'Hara, U.S. Treasury - episode "Operation: Smokescreen" - character: Olga Miles (originally broadcast on CBS, March 10, 1972)
  • Adam 12 - episode "Gifts and Long Letters" - character: Sharon Blake (originally broadcast on NBC, December 20, 1972)
  • The Magician - episode "Shattered Image" - character: Lydia (originally broadcast on NBC, January 8, 1974)
  • Police Story - episode "The Ripper" - character: Mrs. Delaley (originally broadcast on NBC, February 12, 1974)
  • McCloud - episode "The Gang That Stole Manhattan" - character: Lynne O'Connell (originally broadcast on NBC, October 13, 1974)
  • Logan’s Run - episode "The Collectors" - character: Joanna (originally broadcast on CBS, September 13, 1977)
  • Police Story - episode "No Margin for Error" - character: Georgie Hayes (originally broadcast on NBC, April 30, 1978)

VARIETY SHOW (Live TV):

  • The Red Skelton Show - Daisy June in "Clem Kadiddlehopper in Dog Patch" (originally broadcast on CBS, January 12, 1960)
  • The Red Skelton Show - Daisy June in "Clem's Theatre" (originally broadcast on CBS, April 4, 1961)
  • The Red Skelton Show - Daisy June in "Clem and the Kadiddlehopper Hop" (originally broadcast on CBS, January 23, 1962)

IN-DEPTH INTERVIEW PROGRAM:

  • Monday Through Friday - Hosted by Rafer Johnson and Leslie Parrish (KLAC Channel 13, Los Angeles, 1975)

TALK SHOW:

  • Here’s Hollywood - Jack Linkletter (Interviewer) – S.2, Ep.52 (originally broadcast on November 19, 1962)
  • The Tonight Show - Jerry Lewis (guest-host) – (originally broadcast on NBC, May 24, 1966)

GAME SHOW PROGRAMS:

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ "19 year-old serves as guinea pig for Color TV". Tuscaloosa News. May 10, 1954. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Looking at Hollywood". Chicago Tribume Archive (page 14) (Chicago Tribune). November 13, 1954. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "19 year-old serves as guinea pig for Color TV". Tuscaloosa News. May 10, 1954. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  4. ^ "Identification Girl". People today: 55, 56, 57, 58. September 22, 1954. 
  5. ^ "19 year-old serves as guinea pig for Color TV". Tuscaloosa News. May 10, 1954. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Leslie Parrish (1935-)". Brian's Drive-In Theater. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Why can't a starlet save...". Lewiston Evening Journal: 7. December 8, 1954. 
  8. ^ "The Private Life and Times of Marjorie Hellen". Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "The Manchurian Candidate". Reader. Chicago Reader. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Production diary from 'Who Mourns for Adonais?'". These are the Voyages - Star Trek TOS. Jacobs Brown Press. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "Woman Power in the United States". Ramparts: 31. February 1968. 
  12. ^ "Woman Power in the United States". Ramparts: 22–31. February 1968. 
  13. ^ Green, Paul (2007). Pete Duel: A Biography. McFarland. p. 88. ISBN 978-0786430628. 
  14. ^ Faragher, Johnny. "Day of Protest, Night of Violence 1967". Scribd. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  15. ^ Elaine Elinsen, Stan Yogi (2009). Wherever There's A Fight. Heyday Publishing. ISBN 978-1597141147. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  16. ^ Green, Paul (2007). Pete Duel: A Biography. McFarland. p. 85. ISBN 978-0786430628. 
  17. ^ Burstyn, Ellen (2007). Lessons in Becoming Myself. Penguin. p. 151. ISBN 978-1594482687. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  18. ^ "Leslie Parrish finally shakes 'Daisy Mae' Image" (PDF). Fulton History Newspapers (Weekly Observer). March 3, 1968. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  19. ^ Green, Paul (2007). Pete Duel: A Biography. McFarland. p. 85. ISBN 978-0786430628. 
  20. ^ "Blessed are the Educators". Inner Michael. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  21. ^ "Famous Quotes". IZ Quotes. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  22. ^ "War Quotes". Quonation. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  23. ^ Kelly, Kitty (2012). Capturing Camelot: Stanley Tretick's Iconic Images of the Kennedys. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-0312643423. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  24. ^ Duggan, Bob. "How Photographer Stanley Tretick Captured Kennedy’s Camelot". Big Think. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  25. ^ Burstyn, Ellen (2007). Lessons in Becoming Myself. Penguin. p. 154. ISBN 978-1594482687. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  26. ^ Shesol, Jeff (998). Mutual Contempt: Lyndon Johnson, Robert Kennedy, and the Feud that Defined a Decade. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 412. ISBN 978-0393318555. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  27. ^ Burstyn, Ellen (2007). Lessons in Becoming Myself. Penguin. p. 154. ISBN 978-1594482687. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  28. ^ Green, Paul (2007). Pete Duel : A Biography. McFarland. p. 84. ISBN 9780786441174. 
  29. ^ Green, Paul (2007). Paul Dean: A Biography. McFarland. p. 87. ISBN 9780786441174. 
  30. ^ Duncan, David Douglas (1969). Self-Portrait: U.S.A. Harry N. Abrams. pp. 200, 201 (photo). ISBN 978-1199573766. 
  31. ^ "The Internet's Most Comprehensive Source of U.S. Political Biography". Political Graveyard. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  32. ^ Wagner, Eleanor Klein. Independent Political Coalitions, Electoral, Legislative and Community: Oral History Transcript. Forgotten Books. p. 251. ISBN 978-1152521582. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  33. ^ Parry, Robert (June 14, 2012). "Admissions on Nixon’s ‘Treason’". consortiumnews.com. Consortium News. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  34. ^ "The Nixon Administration and Watergate". History Commons. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  35. ^ "City March, Rally Draw Huge, Peaceful Crowds". The Sanford Daily (37) (Stanford). November 17, 1969. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  36. ^ "Bradley Effect". BallotPedia. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  37. ^ "Leslie Parrish". AmIAnnoying.com. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  38. ^ A Trumpet to Arms - Alternative Media in America. South End Press. 1981. p. 222. ISBN 978-0896081932. 
  39. ^ Wagner, Eleanor Klein (1977). Independent Political Coalitions, Electoral, Legislative and Community: Oral History Transcript - 'The Deliberate Destruction of KVST-TV'. Forgotten Books. pp. 106, 107 (pages 10, 11 online text). ISBN 978-1-152-52158-2. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  40. ^ Wagner, Eleanor Klein (1977). Independent Political Coalitions, Electoral, Legislative and Community: Oral History Transcript. Forgotten Books. pp. 251, 252. ISBN 9781152521582. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  41. ^ "Wild Setting". Bioregional Congress. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  42. ^ Bach, Richard (1984). The Bridge Across Forever. Pan Publishing. pp. 254–261. ISBN 9780440108269. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  43. ^ North, Gary (1983). Tactics of Christian Resistance - Chapter: 'Computer Guerrillas' (PDF). Geneva Divinity. pp. 210, 215–218. ISBN 978-0939404070. 
  44. ^ Bratt, Chris. "Honoring community voices" (PDF). Applegator. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  45. ^ "TELAV - Threatened and Endangered: Little Applegate Valley". Deep Wild. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  46. ^ "Spring Hill Conservation Easement". San Juan Preservation Trust. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  47. ^ "The Private Life and Times of Marjorie Hellen". Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  48. ^ "Finding Peace and Purpose in a troubled World". Triumph of the Spirit. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  49. ^ Podolsky, J.D. (April 27, 1992). "The Seagull has Landed". People Magazine 37 (19). Retrieved 13 August 2015. 

Sources

  • The International Leslie Parrish Website - The Official Site / Full Biography page
  • Cushman, Marc (2014). These are the Voyages - Star Trek TOS, Season Two. Jacob Brown Media Group. ISBN 978-1199573766. 
  • Duncan, David Douglas (1969). Self-Portrait: U.S.A. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-0989238151. 
  • Armstrong, David (1981). A Trumpet to Arms: Alternative Media in America. South End Press. ISBN 978-0896081932. 
  • Chance, Norman (2011). Who Was Who On TV - Volume 1. Xlibris. ISBN 978-1456821289. 
  • Wagner, Eleanor Klein (1977). Independent Political Coalitions, Electoral, Legislative and Community: Oral History Transcript. Forgotten Books. ISBN 978-1176537408. 
  • Bach, Richard (1984). The Bridge Across Forever. Pan Publishing. ISBN 9780440108269. 
  • Green, Paul (2007). Pete Duel: A Biography. McFarland. ISBN 978-0786430628. 
  • Who's Who in America 1978-1979 - Volume 2 (40th Edition). Marquis Who's Who. 1978. p. 2504. ISBN 9780837901404. 

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