Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc
The Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc is a volcanic arc that forms the eastern boundary of the Caribbean Plate. It is part of a subduction zone, also known as the Lesser Antilles subduction zone, where the oceanic crust of the South American Plate is being subducted under the Caribbean Plate. This subduction process formed a number of volcanic islands, from the Virgin Islands in the north to the islands off the coast of Venezuela in the south. The Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc includes seventeen active volcanoes, notably Soufriere Hills on Montserrat; Mount Pelée on Martinique; La Grande Soufrière on Guadeloupe; Soufrière Saint Vincent on Saint Vincent; and the submarine volcano Kick 'em Jenny which lies about 10 km north of Grenada.
- Macdonald, R., C.J. Hawkesworth, and E. Heath. (2000). The Lesser Antilles volcanic chain: a study in arc magmatism. Earth-Science Reviews, Volume 49, Issues 1-4, March 2000, Pages 1–76. doi:10.1016/S0012-8252(99)00069-0.
- Christeson et al. (2003) Deep structure of an island arc backstop, Lesser Antilles subduction zone. Journal of Geophysical Research, V.108, p. 2327]