Lesser capybara

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Lesser capybara
Hydrochoerus isthmius (27839968482).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Caviidae
Genus: Hydrochoerus
Species: H. isthmius
Binomial name
Hydrochoerus isthmius
Goldman, 1912
Lesser Capybara range.png
Range of the lesser capybara

The lesser capybara (Hydrochoerus isthmius)[2] is a large semiaquatic rodent of the family Caviidae found in eastern Panama, northwestern Colombia and western Venezuela.[3] It was recognized as a distinct subspecies of capybara in 1912, and was elevated to species status in 1991. It breeds year-round, with an average litter size of 3.5.[1] Individuals may be diurnal or nocturnal and solitary or social depending on season, habitat and hunting pressure.[1] This species is reported to be common in Panama but rare in Venezuela.[1] It is threatened by subsistence hunting, the destruction of gallery forests and swamp drainage, specifically the swamp drainage of the Magdalena River.[1] Its karyotype has 2n = 64 and FN = 104.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e Delgado, C.; Emmons, L. (2016). "Hydrochoerus isthmus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T136277A22189896. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T136277A22189896.en. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Hydrochoerus isthmius (lesser capybara). University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved on June 11, 2009.
  3. ^ a b Woods, C.A.; Kilpatrick, C.W. (2005). "Infraorder Hystricognathi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 1556. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.