Lesser kiskadee

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Lesser kiskadee
Lesser kiskadee (Pitangus lictor panamense).jpg
Philohydor lictor panamense
Chagres River, Panama
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Tyrannidae
Genus: Philohydor
Lanyon, W, 1984
P. lictor
Binomial name
Philohydor lictor
(Lichtenstein, 1823)
  • Pitangus lictor

The lesser kiskadee (Philohydor lictor) is a species of passerine bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is the only species in the genus Philohydor. It is found in Argentina, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad, Guatemala, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and swamps.

The lesser kiskadee was described by the German naturalist and explorer Hinrich Lichtenstein in 1823 and given the binomial name Lanius lictor.[2] The present genus Philohydor was introduced by the American ornithologist Wesley Edwin Lanyon in 1984.[3] The word Philohydor is from Ancient Greek philos for "-loving" and hudōr, "water". The specific epithet lictor is the Latin word for a magistrate's bodyguard who carried out sentences.[4] It is sometimes placed in the genus Pitangus with the great kiskadee.[5]

There are two subspecies:[6]

  • P. l. panamensis (Bangs & Penard, TE, 1918) – east Panama and north Colombia
  • P. l. lictor (Lichtenstein, MHK, 1823) – east Colombia through the Guianas south to Bolivia, east and central Brazil

The lesser kiskadee is 15–18 cm (5.9–7.1 in) in length and weighs around 25 g (0.88 oz). It lives in eastern Panama and throughout the northern parts of South America, usually near water.[7]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Philohydor lictor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Lichtenstein, Hinrich (1823). Verzeichniss der Doubletten des Zoologischen Museums der Königl (in German). Berlin: T. Trautwein. p. 49.
  3. ^ Lanyon, Wesley Edwin (1984). A phylogeny of the kingbirds and their allies. American Museum Novitates, Number 2797. New York: American Museum of Natural History. p. 23.
  4. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 226, 303. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  5. ^ Dickinson, E.C.; Christidis, L., eds. (2014). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-9568611-2-2.
  6. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Tyrant flycatchers". World Bird List Version 7.3. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  7. ^ Mobley, J. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Lesser Kiskadee (Philohydor lictor)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 17 January 2018.

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