|Hockey Hall of Fame, 1947|
Patrick in 1917–18
December 31, 1883|
Drummondville, QC, CAN
|Died||June 1, 1960
Victoria, BC, CAN
|Height||6 ft 1 in (185 cm)|
|Weight||180 lb (82 kg; 12 st 12 lb)|
|Played for||New York Rangers (NHL)
Victoria Cougars (WCHL)
Victoria Aristocrats (PCHA)
Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA)
Spokane Canaries (PCHA)
Renfrew Creamery Kings (NHA)
Edmonton Pros (Exhib)
Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA)
Brandon Hockey Club (NWHL)
Curtis Lester "Les, The Silver Fox" Patrick (December 31, 1883 – June 1, 1960) was a professional ice hockey player and coach associated with the Victoria Aristocrats/Cougars of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (Western Hockey League after 1924), and the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL). Along with his brother Frank Patrick and father Joseph Patrick, he founded the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and helped develop several rules for the game of hockey. Patrick won six Stanley Cups as a player, coach and manager.
The son of a wealthy lumberman, Patrick was a great rover and defenceman who first came to prominence in 1900 when he played for McGill University. In 1904 he was the star for the Brandon team in the Northwestern and Manitoba Hockey Leagues and became the first defenceman known to score a goal. With Patrick at cover point, Brandon challenged the Ottawa Senators for the Stanley Cup in that season, but were defeated in the two-game, total-goal series.
He had greater success with the famed Montreal Wanderers in the 1906 and 1907 seasons. Scoring 41 goals as a rushing defenceman in just 28 scheduled games while serving as captain of the Redbands, Patrick led them to the Stanley Cup in both seasons. He followed that up by being signed as a high-priced free agent by the Renfrew Creamery Kings in the National Hockey Association's first year of operation, by which time Patrick was recognized as one of hockey's great stars.
Women's ice hockey
By 1910 the entire Patrick family would affect the Nelson, British Columbia Ladies Hockey Club. Sisters Myrtle, Cynda and Dora Patrick were all involved with the club. In 1911 the Nelson Ladies Club was coached by Lester, and Dora was the captain.
Pacific Coast Hockey Association
The Patricks long had western ties. Their father Joe was a major lumber entrepreneur in British Columbia — and in 1911 he, Lester and his brother Frank had their greatest gamble, the formation of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association, backed with money from the sale of the family business. Luring away many eastern stars, the PCHA from the start was a prominent force in hockey, and for 15 years it would contest (along with the Western Canada Hockey League in the early 1920s) the Stanley Cup with its eastern rivals, the NHA and the National Hockey League.
Patrick invented 22 new rules that remain in the NHL rulebook to this day. He introduced the blue line, the forward pass, and the playoff system, a change adopted by other leagues and sports around the world. After a suggestion by his father Joe, he began using numbers on players' sweaters and in programs to help fans identify the skaters. A new rule allowed the puck to be kicked everywhere but into the net, and allowed goaltenders to fall to the ice to make a save. He was responsible for crediting assists when a goal was scored, and invented the penalty shot. It's no wonder he was later called "the Brains of Modern Hockey."
Lester himself was the captain and star of the Victoria Aristocrats, winning First Team All-Star accolades three of the five seasons he played for them. The franchise — plagued by small crowds — was moved to Spokane, Washington and became the Spokane Canaries in 1916, and Patrick achieved his fourth and final First Team All-Star berth. After that season the Canaries were disbanded, and Patrick joined the Stanley Cup champion Seattle Metropolitans.
The Aristocrats were revived in 1918 as the Victoria Cougars, and Patrick took over as player-manager. Despite playing in only about half the games, he was named to the Second All-Star team once more before retiring as a player after the 1922 season.
New York Rangers
Patrick is famous for an incident which occurred during the Stanley Cup finals of 1928. At the age of 44 years, 3 months, 9 days, while serving as coach and general manager of the Rangers, Patrick inserted himself into the April 8 playoff game to play goal against the Montreal Maroons, when starting goaltender Lorne Chabot suffered an eye injury after being hit by the puck in the second period. This is a record for the oldest goalie to play in the Stanley Cup Finals that still stands today. At the time it was not common for teams to have a backup goaltender, and the opposing team's coach had to allow a substitute goaltender. However the Maroon's manager-coach Eddie Gerard refused to give permission for the Rangers to use Alec Connell, the Ottawa Senator's star netminder who was in the stands, as well as minor-leaguer Hugh McCormick. Odie Cleghorn, the then-coach of the Pittsburgh Pirates, stood in for Patrick as coach for the remainder of the game, and directed the Rangers to check fiercely at mid-ice which limited the Maroon players to long harmless shots. Patrick saved 18 to 19 shots while allowing one goal in helping the Rangers to an overtime victory. For the next three games, the league gave permission for the Rangers to use Joe Miller from the New York Americans in goal. The Rangers went on to win the Stanley Cup.
Patrick also guided the Rangers to another championship in 1933.
He resigned as coach in 1939 for his one-time great center Frank Boucher, and Patrick was again a Stanley Cup-winning general manager when Boucher led the Rangers to their last Cup for 54 years in 1940.
Patrick donated a trophy to the Western Hockey League, the Lester Patrick Cup, to go to the playoff champions of that league, and the trophy now resides in the Hockey Hall of Fame. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1947.
Suffering from cancer, Lester died at his Victoria home after a heart attack on June 1, 1960, at the age of 76. Exactly four weeks later, he was followed by his brother Frank, 75. Frank's death was also attributed to a heart attack.
The Lester Patrick Trophy, awarded for outstanding contributions to hockey in the United States, is named for him. He was also the namesake of the Patrick Division, one of the former divisions of the NHL teams.
The Patricks have been dubbed "Hockey's Royal Family." Lester himself was the father of Lynn Patrick and the grandfather of Craig Patrick, both of whom are themselves Honoured Members of the Hockey Hall of Fame. Another son, Muzz Patrick, was a star player and eventually coach and general manager of the Rangers. Lester's grandson Glenn Patrick played in the NHL during parts of the 1970s while another grandson, Dick Patrick (Muzz's son) has been president of the Washington Capitals since 1982 (he is also a minority owner).
Awards and achievements
- Stanley Cup Champion (6): 1906, 1907 as a player; 1925, 1928, 1933, 1940 as an Owner/Manager/Coach.
Regular season and playoffs
|1909–10||Renfrew Creamery Kings||NHA||12||24||0||24||25||—||—||—||—||—|
|1926–27||New York Rangers||NHL||1||0||0||0||2||—||—||—||—||—|
|1927–28||New York Rangers||NHL||—||—||—||—||—||1||0||0||0||0|
|Team||Year||Regular season||Post season|
|NYR||1926–27||44||25||13||6||56||1st in American||Lost in semi-finals|
|NYR||1927–28||44||19||16||9||47||2nd in American||Won Stanley Cup|
|NYR||1928–29||44||21||13||10||52||2nd in American||Lost in Stanley Cup Finals|
|NYR||1929–30||44||17||17||10||44||3rd in American||Lost in semi-finals|
|NYR||1930–31||44||19||16||9||47||3rd in American||Lost in semi-finals|
|NYR||1931–32||48||23||17||8||53||1st in American||Lost in Stanley Cup Finals|
|NYR||1932–33||48||23||17||8||53||3rd in American||Won Stanley Cup|
|NYR||1933–34||48||21||19||8||50||3rd in American||Lost in quarter-finals|
|NYR||1934–35||48||22||20||6||50||3rd in American||Lost in semi-finals|
|NYR||1935–36||48||19||17||12||50||4th in American||DNQ|
|NYR||1936–37||48||19||20||9||47||3rd in American||Lost in Stanley Cup Finals|
|NYR||1937–38||48||27||15||6||60||2nd in American||Lost in quarter-finals|
|NYR||1938–39||48||26||16||6||58||2nd in NHL||Lost in semi-finals|
- Whitehead 1983, p. 24
- Whitehead 1983, p. 5
- Norton 2009, p. 35
- "Pacific Coast Hockey Association History". hockeylegend.com. 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Rangers defeated Maroons, but Lost Goalie for Series The Montreal Gazette — April 9, 1928, page16. Retrieved 2010-08-16
- "The Day The Coach Played Goalie". CNN. April 3, 1961.
- Whitehead 1983, p. 180
- "Lester Patrick Trophy". National Hockey League. 2010. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Whitehead 1983, p. 238
- Mancuso & Petterson 2007, p. 55
- Whitehead 1983
- Bowlsby, Craig H. (2012), Empire of Ice: The Rise and Fall of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association, 1911–1926, Vancouver: Knights of Winter, ISBN 978-0-9691705-6-3
- Cosentino, Frank (1990), The Renfrew Millionaires: The Valley Boys of Winter 1910, Burnstown, Ontario: General Store Publishing House, ISBN 0-919431-35-6
- Fischler, Stan (1976). Those Were The Days: The Lore of Hockey by the Legends of the Game. New York, NY: Dodd, Mead & Company. ISBN 0-396-07015-9.
- Mancuso, Jim; Petterson, Scott (2007). Hockey in Portland (2007 ed.). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-4804-9.
- Norton, Wayne (2009). Women on Ice: The Early Years of Women's Hockey in Western Canada (2009 ed.). Ronsdale Press. ISBN 1-55380-073-7.
- Whitehead, Eric (1983). The Patricks: Hockey's Royal Family (1983 ed.). Formac Publishing Company. ISBN 0-88780-103-X.
- Biographical information and career statistics from Hockey-Reference.com, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database
- Lester Patrick, History by the Minute
|Head coach of the New York Rangers
|General Manager of the New York Rangers