Let It Be (song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the cover by Ferry Aid, see Ferry Aid. For the song by Benny Benassi, see Hypnotica.
"Let It Be"
U.S. picture sleeve
Single by The Beatles
from the album Let It Be
B-side "You Know My Name (Look Up the Number)"
Released 6 March 1970
Format Vinyl record 7"
Recorded Apple Studio
31 January 1969
EMI Studios
30 April 1969
4 January 1970
Genre Rock, pop, gospel[1]
Length 3:50 (7" version)
Label Apple
Writer(s) Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s) George Martin
Certification 2× Platinum (RIAA)[2]
The Beatles UK singles chronology
"Something" / "Come Together"
(1969)
"Let It Be"
(1970)
"Yesterday"
(1976)
The Beatles US singles chronology
"Something" / "Come Together"
(1969)
"Let It Be"
(1970)
"The Long and Winding Road" / "For You Blue"
(1970)
"Let It Be"
Song by the Beatles from the album Let It Be
Released 8 May 1970
Length 4:03
Label Apple
Producer Phil Spector
Let It Be track listing
The Beatles' "Let It Be" from Let It Be

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"Let It Be" is a song by the Beatles, released in March 1970 as a single, and (in an alternate mix) as the title track of their album Let It Be. At the time, it had the highest debut on the Billboard Hot 100, reaching number 6. It was written and sung by Paul McCartney. It was their final single before McCartney announced his departure from the band. Both the Let It Be album and the US single "The Long and Winding Road" were released after McCartney's announced departure from and subsequent break-up of the group.

The alternate mix on their album "Let It Be" features a different guitar solo and some minor differences in the orchestral sections.

In 1987, the song was recorded by charity supergroup Ferry Aid (which included McCartney). It reached number 1 on the UK Singles Chart for three weeks and reached the top ten in many other European countries.

Composition and recording[edit]

McCartney said he had the idea of "Let It Be" after he had a dream about his mother during the tense period surrounding the sessions for The Beatles ("the White Album") in 1968. According to McCartney, the song's reference to "Mother Mary" was not a biblical reference.[3] The phrase has at times been used as a reference to the Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ;[3] in fact, the words "let it be" are a direct quote from the Prayer of the Annunciation, Mary's response to the Angel Gabriel in Luke 1.38. Nevertheless, McCartney explained that his mother – who died of cancer when he was fourteen – was the inspiration for the "Mother Mary" lyric.[4][5] He later said: "It was great to visit with her again. I felt very blessed to have that dream. So that got me writing 'Let It Be'."[6][7] He also said in a later interview about the dream that his mother had told him, "It will be all right, just let it be."[8] When asked if the song referred to the Virgin Mary, McCartney has typically answered the question by assuring his fans that they can interpret the song however they would like.[3]

The first rehearsal of "Let It Be" took place at Twickenham Film Studios on 3 January 1969, where the group had, the previous day, begun what would become the Let It Be film. During this stage of the film they were only recording on the mono decks used for syncing to the film cameras, and were not making multi-track recordings for release. A single take was recorded, with just McCartney on piano and vocals. The first attempt with the other Beatles was made on 8 January. Work continued on the song throughout the month. Multi-track recordings commenced on 23 January at Apple Studios.[9]

The master take was recorded on 31 January 1969, as part of the "Apple studio performance" for the project. McCartney played Blüthner piano, Lennon played six-string electric bass, George Harrison and Ringo Starr assumed their conventional roles, on guitar and drums respectively, and Billy Preston contributed on organ.[10] This was one of two performances of "Let It Be" that day. The first version, designated take 27-A, would serve as the basis for all officially released versions of the song. The other version, take 27-B, was performed as part of the "live studio performance", along with "Two of Us" and "The Long and Winding Road". This performance, in which Lennon and Harrison harmonised with McCartney's lead vocal and Harrison contributed a subdued guitar solo, can be seen in the film Let It Be.

The film performance of "Let It Be" has never been officially released as an audio recording. The lyrics in the two versions differ a little in the last verse. The studio version has mother Mary comes to me … there will be an answer, whereas the film version has mother Mary comes to me … there will be no sorrow. In addition, McCartney's vocal performance is noticeably different in both versions: in the film version, it sounds a rough in certain moments since he is not using anti-pop on his mic; there are also a couple of falsetto vocals performed by him (extending the vocal 'e' on the word 'be'), for instance in the 'let it be' line that precedes the second chorus. Finally, the instrumental progression featured on the middle of the song after the second chorus (that descends from F to C), which is played twice on all released studio versions, is played (or at least is shown being played) only once in the film.

On 30 April 1969, Harrison overdubbed a new guitar solo on the best take from 31 January.[11] He overdubbed another solo on 4 January 1970. The first overdub solo was used for the original single release, and the second overdub solo was used for the original album release. Some fans mistakenly believe that there were two versions of the basic track – based mostly on the different guitar solos, but also on other differences in overdubs and mixes.[12]

Single version[edit]

The single used the same cover photographs as the Let It Be album, and was originally released on 6 March 1970, backed by "You Know My Name (Look Up the Number)", with a production credit for George Martin. This version includes orchestration and backing vocals overdubbed on 4 January 1970, under the supervision of Martin and McCartney, with backing vocals that included the only known contribution by Linda McCartney to a Beatles song.[12][13] It was during this same session that Harrison recorded the second overdubbed guitar solo. The intention at one point was to have the two overdub solos playing together. This idea was dropped for the final mix of the single, and only the 30 April solo was used, although the 4 January overdub can be heard faintly during the final verse. Martin mixed the orchestration very low in this version.[12]

The single mix made its album debut on the Beatles' 1967–1970 compilation album. Original pressings erroneously show the running time of 4:01 (from the Let It Be album), and not the single version's running time of 3:52. This version was also included on 20 Greatest Hits, Past Masters Volume 2 and 1.

Album version[edit]

On 26 March 1970, Phil Spector remixed the song for the Let It Be album.[14] This version features the "more stinging" 4 January 1970 guitar solo, no backing vocals (except during the first chorus), a delay effect on Starr's hi-hat, and more prominent orchestration.[15] The final chorus has three "let it be …" lines, as the "there will be an answer" line is repeated twice (instead of once as on the single) before the "whisper words of wisdom" line to close the song. On the album, as the preceding track "Dig It" ends, Lennon is heard saying in a falsetto voice, mimicking Gracie Fields: "That was 'Can You Dig It' by Georgie Wood, and now we'd like to do 'Hark, the Angels Come'." Allen Klein brought in Spector to mix the album without telling McCartney or asking for his agreement, because McCartney had not signed Klein's management contract.[16]

Anthology version[edit]

An early version of the song also appears on Anthology 3, which was released on 28 October 1996. This version, take 1, was recorded on 25 January 1969. It is a much more simplified version, as McCartney had still not written the final verse yet ("And when the night is cloudy … I wake up to the sound of music …"). Instead, the first verse is repeated. The song also features studio talk between Lennon and McCartney prior to another take:

Also, following the end of the recording, Lennon can be heard saying, "I think that was rather grand. I'd take one home with me. OK let's track it. (Gasps) You bounder, you cheat!" (This is a reference to the no-overdub policy that the Beatles had adopted for the Get Back project – "tracking" refers to double tracking the vocals on a recording.) The running time of the Anthology version is 4:05.

Let It Be... Naked version[edit]

Still another version of the song appeared on the Let It Be... Naked album in 2003. This version contains a different piano track than the one on the studio and single version; it can be noted that in the intro, McCartney plays an extra A bass note during the A minor chord (very similar to the way he plays the intro in the film version) and also plays a standard A minor chord in the piano at the first beat of measure two in the last verse (on the lyric "mother", also like in the film version), while the other versions have a different piano harmonisation. The backing vocals in the chorus of this version are similar to those in the single version, but are stripped back significantly, while still retaining a reverb-heavy, choral effect. Starr disliked Spector's version where his drumming was augmented by Spector's "tape-delay-effect" to his hi-hats during the song's second verse and added shakers, so Let It Be... Naked features his original "stripped-down-approach" drumming. Also departed were the tom-tom overdub rolls, heard after the guitar solo during the third verse. The guitar solo used in this version – similar to the single version – was taken from the subsequent take as seen in the film "Let It Be". Starr also commented that after the release of Naked, he would now have to listen to McCartney saying, "I told you so", when talking about Spector's production.[17] The song's running time on Let It Be... Naked is 3:52.[18]

Unused mixes[edit]

Glyn Johns mixed the song on 28 May 1969 as he finished the mixing for the Get Back album. This version was never released.[19] He used the same mix on 5 January 1970, which was an attempt to compile an acceptable version of the LP. Again, this version of the LP was never officially released.[20]

Piano theme[edit]

Main piano theme

The piano introduces the song, through a series of chords in the right hand over single notes in the left hand.

Critical assessments[edit]

In 2010, Rolling Stone magazine placed "Let It Be" at number 8 on the Beatles' 100 Greatest Songs.[21][22] Mojo magazine ranked it at number 50 in a similar list, compiled in 2006.[23] AllMusic said it was one of "the Beatles' most popular and finest ballads".[1] Ian MacDonald disagreed, writing that the song "achieved a popularity well out of proportion to its artistic weight" and that it was "'Hey Jude', without the musical and emotional release".[24]

Lennon also commented disparagingly on "Let It Be". Prior to a take during the 31 January 1969 recording session, he asked, "Are we supposed to giggle in the solo?"[10][24] (This is a similar quote to Lewisohn's "The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions" (p. 170) but Lennon says "during the solo" not "in the solo" as quoted here.) In Lennon's Playboy interview in 1980, he disavowed any involvement with composing the song.

As MacDonald explained, Lennon was wrong about "Bridge over Troubled Water" being McCartney's inspiration. Although Simon & Garfunkel's ballad charted just ahead of "Let It Be", the latter was recorded approximately six months before "Bridge over Troubled Water" was written and a full year before Paul Simon's song was released.[24]

"Let It Be" holds the top spot on "The Fans' Top 10" poll included in The 100 Best Beatles Songs: An Informed Fan's Guide by Stephen J. Spignesi and Michael Lewis. The song is ranked third on the 100 Best Beatles Songs list, behind "A Day in the Life" and "Strawberry Fields Forever".

Live performances[edit]

Although the song is performed regularly during McCartney's performances, there are a few notable performances.

  • On 13 July 1985, McCartney performed "Let It Be" as one of the closing acts of the Live Aid charity concert in front of an estimated global television audience exceeding one billion people. It was beset by technical difficulties when his microphone failed for the first two minutes of his piano performance, making it difficult for television viewers and impossible for those in the stadium to hear him. As a result, previous performers David Bowie, Bob Geldof, Alison Moyet and Pete Townshend returned to the stage to back him up. He later joked about changing the lyrics to "There will be some feedback, let it be". He re-recorded his vocals afterwards for future home video releases.
  • Along with a 700-strong congregation, McCartney, Harrison and Starr sang "Let It Be" during a memorial service for Linda McCartney at St Martin-in-the-Fields church in Trafalgar Square, in 1998.[26]
  • McCartney also led a crowd rousing rendition as part of the finale of the Concert for New York City, a benefit concert he organised, featuring many famous musicians, that took place on 20 October 2001 at Madison Square Garden in New York City in response to the 11 September attacks.
  • In 2003, before playing his concert in Moscow's Red Square, McCartney performed a private rendition for Russian president Vladimir Putin in the Kremlin.[27]
  • On 18 July 2008, McCartney performed "Let It Be" with Billy Joel and his band to close the final concert at Shea Stadium in Queens, New York before its demolition.
  • On 4 June 2012, McCartney performed the song as part of his set during the Concert for the Queen, celebrating the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II.

Personnel[edit]

The Beatles
Additional musicians

Singles charts[edit]

The Beatles:[28]

  • Release: 6 March 1970
  • Tracks: 7" single (Apple) "Let It Be" b/w "You Know My Name (Look Up the Number)"
  • Producer: George Martin and Chris Thomas
  • UK chart position: number 2
  • US Hot 100 chart position: number 1 (2 weeks)
  • US easy listening chart position: number 1 (4 weeks)[29]

On the US charts, the song set a number of milestones.

  1. The song gave the Beatles their seventh consecutive year charting a number 1 hit, sharing the all-time record, at the time, with Elvis Presley.
  2. The song gave George Martin his seventh consecutive year producing a number 1 hit, sharing the all-time record, at the time, with Steve Sholes (who produced Presley).
  3. The song gave Lennon and McCartney their seventh consecutive year writing a number 1 hit, an all-time record at the time.

(see List of Billboard Hot 100 chart achievements and milestones)

Cover versions[edit]

"Let It Be" has been covered numerous times by various artists:[30]

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

  • 2001: Piccolo Coro dell'Antoniano (together with fourteen other children choirs from Galassia di Chicco e Doretta group) performed the song live during the Mother's Day Special Program on television. The following year, the song (this time, sung alone) was put into their album Le più belle canzoni dedicate alla mamma [37]
  • 2002: Lesley Garrett sang an operatic version on her 2002 album The Singer.[38]
  • 2002: Johnny Maestro & the Brooklyn Bridge covered the song on their 2002 album Peace on Earth and on 2007's Songs of Inspiration.

2010s

Chart performance[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Unterberger 2009.
  2. ^ RIAA 2009.
  3. ^ a b c A Lesson on Text Criticism and the Beatles’ Let it Be Jeff McLeod, Catholic Stand, 30 July 2013, Accessed 9 February 2014
  4. ^ Miles 1997, p. 20.
  5. ^ Spitz 2005, pp. 73–76.
  6. ^ Spitz 2005, pp. 88–90.
  7. ^ The Beatles 2000, p. 19.
  8. ^ a b c d Sold on Song 2009.
  9. ^ The Beatles Bible 2007.
  10. ^ a b Lewisohn 1988, p. 170.
  11. ^ Lewisohn 1988, p. 175.
  12. ^ a b c Lewisohn 1988, p. 195.
  13. ^ Lewisohn 1996.
  14. ^ Lewisohn 1988, p. 198.
  15. ^ Lewisohn 1988, pp. 195–198.
  16. ^ Spitz 2005, p. 851.
  17. ^ The Observer Music Monthly 2003.
  18. ^ Apple Records 2003.
  19. ^ Lewisohn 1988, p. 176.
  20. ^ Lewisohn 1988, p. 196.
  21. ^ "8. Let It Be". 100 Greatest Beatles Songs. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  22. ^ Rolling Stone 2010.
  23. ^ Alexander, Phil et al. (July 2006). "The 101 Greatest Beatles Songs". Mojo. p. 80. 
  24. ^ a b c MacDonald 1994, p. 270.
  25. ^ Sheff 2000, p. 202.
  26. ^ CNN 1998.
  27. ^ BBC News 2003.
  28. ^ Calkin 2000.
  29. ^ Whitburn 1996.
  30. ^ Second Hand Songs 2007.
  31. ^ Wexler 2007, p. 13.
  32. ^ Ollio, J.P. (1 August 2003). True to Life – Ray Charles | AllMusic. Allmusic. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  33. ^ Liddle, Steven. "Lyn Paul website: New Seekers - Collectors' Items (flexi discs, vinyl and cassettes)". www.lynpaulwebsite.org. London, UK: The Lyn Paul Website. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  34. ^ Let It Be – Nelson Rangell from Amazon
  35. ^ "(I Got No Kick Against) Modern Jazz - Celebration of the Songs of the Beatles". Last.fm. 
  36. ^ Faulkner, Robert (28 December 2000). "The Nylons happily stretch boy-band image ; Entertaining a cappella singing still finds favour". Toronto Star. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  37. ^ CD Album
  38. ^ Allmusic 2009.
  39. ^ Guerra, Joey (2 May 2008). "Idol elimination 'kind of a relief,' White says". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  40. ^ "Tessanne Chin and Adam Levine: "Let It Be"". NBC. 
  41. ^ "Australia No. 1 hits -- 1970's". World Charts. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  42. ^ "Austriancharts.at – The Beatles – Let It Be" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  43. ^ "Ultratop.be – The Beatles – Let It Be" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  44. ^ "Lady Gaga – Chart history" Canadian Hot 100 for Lady Gaga. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  45. ^ "The Beatles: Let It Be" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  46. ^ "Lescharts.com – The Beatles – Let It Be" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  47. ^ "Officialcharts.de – The Beatles – Let It Be". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  48. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  49. ^ "Chart Track: Week 34, 2013". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  50. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – The Beatles search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
  51. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – The Beatles – Let It Be". VG-lista. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  52. ^ "Archive Chart: 24 August 2013". Scottish Singles Top 40. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  53. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – The Beatles – Let It Be" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  54. ^ "Swisscharts.com – The Beatles – Let It Be". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
  55. ^ "Archive Chart: 1970-08-24" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  56. ^ "The Beatles – Chart history" Billboard Hot 100 for The Beatles. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  57. ^ "The Beatles – Chart history" Billboard Adult Contemporary for The Beatles. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  58. ^ "Best of 1970 - Hot 100 Songs". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  59. ^ https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?&file_num=nlc008388.3740&type=1&interval=50&PHPSESSID=clk6bgcc7m04j0ibf4bhtk5lu1
  60. ^ http://www.uk-charts.top-source.info/top-100-1970.shtml

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
"Bridge Over Troubled Water" by Simon And Garfunkel
Billboard Hot 100 number-one single
11 April 1970 (2 weeks)
Succeeded by
"ABC" by The Jackson Five
Preceded by
"Respectable" by Mel and Kim
UK number-one single
4 April 1987 (3 weeks) (Ferry Aid version)
Succeeded by
"La Isla Bonita" by Madonna