Letalnica bratov Gorišek

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Letalnica bratov Gorišek
Slovenska vojska je tudi letos podprla Smučarsko zvezo Slovenije pri izvedbi zaključka svetovnega pokala v smučarskih poletih v Planici 7.jpg
Letalnica bratov Gorišek in 2016
Constructor(s) Janez Gorišek (planning)
Vlado Gorišek
Location Planica, Slovenia
Operator ZŠRS Planica
Opened 6 March 1969 (test)
21 March 1969 (official)
Renovated 1979, 1985, 1994,
2000, 2003, 2005,
2010, 2013–2015
Size
K–point 200 metres (660 ft)
Hill size 240 metres (790 ft)
Longest jump
(unofficial / fall)
253.5 metres (832 ft)
Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer
(22 March 2018)
Hill record 251.5 metres (825 ft)
Poland Kamil Stoch
(25 March 2017)
Top events
Ski Flying World Championships 1972, 1979, 1985, 1994, 2004, 2010, 2020
World Cup 1987, 1991, 1994, 1997, 1999–2003, 2005–2009, 2011–2013, 2015–2018

Letalnica bratov Gorišek (English: Flying hill of Gorišek brothers) is a ski flying hill and the biggest of eight hills located at the Planica Nordic Centre[1] in Planica, Slovenia. It was built in 1969 and is named after the original constructors and brothers Vlado (also known as Lado) and Janez Gorišek. With a total of 28 world records set it is the world leading ski jump hill in this statistic. The world's steepest zip-line with average incline of 38.33% (20.9°) and maximum incline of 58.7% (30.5°) incline opened at the hill on 19 September 2015.[2]

Yugoslavian ski jumper Miro Oman made the premiere test jump of 135 metres (443 ft) on 6 March 1969. The first ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships were organized on this hill in 1972. After Matti Nykänen set a world record jump of 191 metres (627 ft) at the SFWC 1985, a new rule was instituted by the FIS that no points for jumps over this distance would be awarded in order to prevent world record hunting. On 17 March 1994 Andreas Goldberger touched the snow with his hand at 202 metres (663 ft) for the first ever albeit disqualified over two hundred metre jump. Just a few minutes later Toni Nieminen landed on his feet at 203 metres (666 ft) and officially became the first man in history to jump over two hundred metres. In addition, the first ever jumps over 160 m, 170 m, 180 m, 190 m, 200 m, 210 m, 220 m and 230 m were recorded at the hill. The hill will host the FIS Ski Flying World Championships in 2020.[3]

The hill is also known for annually hosting Red Bull 400 world series event, the stepeest 400 metres uphill run in the world, with over 1,000 competitors from around the globe.

History[edit]

Landing zone in 2005
Inrun in 2015

Velikanka bratov Gorišek (original name) was planned, constructed and developed by Slovenian constructors, engineers and brothers, Vlado and Janez Gorišek. At the time, a lead engineer of Planica was a Bloudek's successor Stano Pelan, who proposed to enlarge Bloudkova velikanka; however, they decided for a new hill on another location instead.

At that time, Janez Gorišek was working as an engineer in Libya, where he prepared a plan and profile for a new hill. Construction started in summer of 1967 and was mainly completed in late 1968. During the construction, Janez was still working in Africa, so his older brother Vlado was fully in charge of the construction site. Original construction point was at K153, with inrun 145 metres long and height difference between take-off table and bottom of the hill 127 metres.

On 6 March 1969, the hill was tested for the first time and Miro Oman from Yugoslavia was selected to be the first man to jump. He jumped 135 metres from the second gate and set the first hill record.[4]

The hill was officially opened and hosted a three-day competition called Planica Ski Flying Week from 21 to 23 March 1969. There were 60 competitors from 15 countries with Jiří Raška winning the competition. A total of 90,000 people has gathered in the three days of competition. The world record was improved five times and finally stopped at 165 metres (541 ft), set by Manfred Wolf from East Germany.

In 1972, the hill hosted the first ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships, where the Swiss ski jumper Walter Steiner became the first ski flying world champion.

In 1984, in the honour of Planica's 50th anniversary, organizing committee decided to modernize the hill. First big renovation works were done in summer and fall of 1984. Soldiers from the Yugoslav Army, volunteers and different working organizations helped at the construction site under the command of Gorišek brothers. 1,500 cubic metres of material was dug out and filled into the landing zone. They also dug out 300 cubic metres of material from inrun. Old wooden inrun tower was replaced with steel and take-off table was pushed back for five metres.

During the 1986–87 season, two World Cup ski flying individual events were organized on the hill for the first time. Polish ski jumper Piotr Fijas set the last parallel style world record on the first day of competition when he jumped 194 metres (636 ft). However, this record was only recognized seven years later at FIS congress in Rio de Janeiro when they cancelled the "191 metres" rule.

At the first round of the training on 17 March 1994, Austrian ski jumper Andreas Goldberger landed at 202 metres (663 ft), making the first ever jump over 200 metres; however, he touched the snow with his hands, and the jump was counted as invalid. Just a few minutes later, Finnish ski jumper Toni Nieminen landed on his feet at 203 metres (666 ft) and officially became the first man in history who jumped over 200 metres.

In the 1999–2000 season, ski flying team event was organized at the hill for the first time in history. Two world records were set by Austrian ski jumpers Thomas Hörl with 224.5 metres (737 ft) and Andreas Goldberger with 225 metres (738 ft).[5] Germany became the first ever team ski flying winner.

In 2010, Planica got new chairlift, judge tower renovated, landing zone widened, profile adjusted, and take-off angle lowered to keep jumpers closer to the ground. All this was needed to fulfill international FIS standards.

In 2015, the hill was completely renovated and opened after one-year break. A new profile was drawn by Janez Gorišek with the help of his son Sebastjan Gorišek, who is also a constructor. The hill's new construction point was at K200 and the hill size at HS 225. The take-off table was moved five metres higher and pushed back for twelve metres compared to the old one.

In 2017, the hill size was changed from HS225 to HS240.[citation needed]

Events[edit]

Date Hillsize Competition Winner Second Third
21–23 March 1969   K153 KOP Czechoslovakia Jiří Raška Norway Bjørn Wirkola East Germany Manfred Wolf
26 March 1972   K165 SFWC Switzerland Walter Steiner East Germany Heinz Wosipiwo Czechoslovakia Jiří Raška
15–17 March 1974   K165 KOP Switzerland Walter Steiner Finland Esko Rautionaho Norway Dag Fossum
18–20 March 1977   K165 KOP Austria Reinhold Bachler East Germany Thomas Meisinger Czechoslovakia Ladislav Jirásko
17–18 March 1979   K185 SFWC Austria Armin Kogler East Germany Axel Zitzmann Poland Piotr Fijas
16–17 March 1985   K185 SFWC Finland Matti Nykänen East Germany Jens Weißflog Czechoslovakia Pavel Ploc
14 March 1987   K185 WC Austria Andreas Felder Norway Ole Gunnar Fidjestøl West Germany Thomas Klauser
15 March 1987   K185 WC Norway Ole Gunnar Fidjestøl Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Matjaž Zupan Poland Piotr Fijas
23 March 1991   K185 WC Sweden Staffan Tällberg Switzerland Stephan Zünd Germany André Kiesewetter
24 March 1991   K185 WC Germany Ralph Gebstedt Austria Stefan Horngacher Germany Dieter Thoma
19 March 1994   K185 SFWC (d1) / WC first day of World Championships / World Cup event canceled due to strong wind
20 March 1994   K185 SFWC (d2) / WC Czech Republic Jaroslav Sakala Norway Espen Bredesen Italy Roberto Cecon
13th SFWC final standings (19-20 March) Czech Republic Jaroslav Sakala Norway Espen Bredesen Italy Roberto Cecon
22 March 1997   K185 WC Japan Takanobu Okabe Japan Kazuyoshi Funaki Finland Jani Soininen
23 March 1997   K185 WC Japan Akira Higashi Slovenia Primož Peterka Norway Lasse Ottesen
19 March 1999   K185 WC Germany Martin Schmitt Japan Kazuyoshi Funaki Germany Christof Duffner
20 March 1999   K185 WC Japan Hideharu Miyahira Germany Martin Schmitt Japan Noriaki Kasai
21 March 1999   K185 WC Japan Noriaki Kasai Japan Hideharu Miyahira Germany Martin Schmitt
18 March 2000   K185 WC-T
first ever ski flying
team event
 Germany
Sven Hannawald
Hansjörg Jäkle
Martin Schmitt
Michael Uhrmann
 Finland
Ville Kantee
Risto Jussilainen
Jani Soininen
Janne Ahonen
 Japan
Takanobu Okabe
Kazuyoshi Funaki
Hideharu Miyahira
Noriaki Kasai
19 March 2000   K185 WC Germany Sven Hannawald Finland Janne Ahonen Austria Andreas Goldberger
17 March 2001   K185 WC-T  Finland
Jussi Hautamäki
Risto Jussilainen
Tami Kiuru
Veli-Matti Lindström
 Austria
Wolfgang Loitzl
Andreas Goldberger
Martin Koch
Stefan Horngacher
 Japan
Hideharu Miyahira
Kazuya Yoshioka
Masahiko Harada
Noriaki Kasai
18 March 2001   K185 WC Germany Martin Schmitt Finland Risto Jussilainen Norway Tommy Ingebrigtsen
23 March 2002   K185 WC-T  Finland
Matti Hautamäki
Veli-Matti Lindström
Risto Jussilainen
Janne Ahonen
 Germany
Christof Duffner
Martin Schmitt
Michael Uhrmann
Sven Hannawald
 Austria
Martin Koch
Andreas Widhölzl
Andreas Goldberger
Wolfgang Loitzl
24 March 2002   K185 WC individual event canceled; weather conditions
21 March 2003   K185 WC-T  Finland
Veli-Matti Lindström
Janne Ahonen
Tami Kiuru
Matti Hautamäki
 Norway
Henning Stensrud
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Roar Ljøkelsøy
Tommy Ingebrigtsen
 Austria
Thomas Morgenstern
Stefan Thurnbichler
Florian Liegl
Andreas Widhölzl
22 March 2003   K185 WC Finland Matti Hautamäki Poland Adam Małysz Austria Martin Höllwarth
23 March 2003   K185 WC Finland Matti Hautamäki Germany Sven Hannawald Japan Hideharu Miyahira
20–21 February 2004   K185 SFWC-I Norway Roar Ljøkelsøy Finland Janne Ahonen Finland Tami Kiuru
22 February 2004   K185 SFWC-T Norway Norway Finland Finland Austria Austria
19 March 2005   HS215 WC Finland Matti Hautamäki Austria Andreas Widhölzl Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren
20 March 2005   HS215 WC Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren Norway Roar Ljøkelsøy Austria Andreas Widhölzl
18 March 2006   HS215 WC Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren Norway Roar Ljøkelsøy Austria Martin Koch
19 March 2006   HS215 WC Finland Janne Happonen Austria Martin Koch Slovenia Robert Kranjec
23 March 2007   HS215 WC Poland Adam Małysz Switzerland Simon Ammann Slovenia Jernej Damjan
24 March 2007   HS215 WC Poland Adam Małysz Norway Anders Jacobsen Austria Martin Koch
25 March 2007   HS215 WC Poland Adam Małysz Switzerland Simon Ammann Austria Martin Koch
14 March 2008   HS215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Finland Janne Ahonen Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren
15 March 2008   HS215 WC-T  Norway
Tom Hilde
Johan Remen Evensen
Anders Jacobsen
Anders Bardal
 Finland
Janne Happonen
Matti Hautamäki
Jussi Hautamäki
Janne Ahonen
 Austria
Martin Koch
Thomas Morgenstern
Andreas Kofler
Gregor Schlierenzauer
16 March 2008   HS215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Austria Martin Koch Finland Janne Happonen
20 March 2009   HS215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Poland Adam Małysz Russia Dimitry Vassiliev
21 March 2009   HS215 WC-T  Norway
Tom Hilde
Johan Remen Evensen
Anders Jacobsen
Anders Bardal
 Poland
Kamil Stoch
Łukasz Rutkowski
Stefan Hula
Adam Małysz
 Russia
Denis Kornilov
Pavel Karelin
Ilya Rosliakov
Dimitry Vassiliev
22 March 2009   HS215 WC Finland Harri Olli Poland Adam Małysz Switzerland Simon Ammann
Slovenia Robert Kranjec
19–20 March 2010   HS215 SFWC-I Switzerland Simon Ammann Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Norway Anders Jacobsen
21 March 2010   HS215 SFWC-T  Austria
Wolfgang Loitzl
Thomas Morgenstern
Martin Koch
Gregor Schlierenzauer
 Norway
Anders Jacobsen
Anders Bardal
Johan Remen Evensen
Bjørn Einar Romøren
 Finland
Janne Happonen
Olli Muotka
Matti Hautamäki
Harri Olli
18 March 2011   HS215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Austria Thomas Morgenstern Austria Martin Koch
19 March 2011   HS215 WC-T  Austria
Thomas Morgenstern
Andreas Kofler
Martin Koch
Gregor Schlierenzauer
 Norway
Anders Bardal
Johan Remen Evensen
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Tom Hilde
 Slovenia
Peter Prevc
Jernej Damjan
Jurij Tepeš
Robert Kranjec
20 March 2011   HS215 WC Poland Kamil Stoch Slovenia Robert Kranjec Poland Adam Małysz
16 March 2012   HS215 WC Slovenia Robert Kranjec Switzerland Simon Ammann Austria Martin Koch
17 March 2012   HS215 WC-T  Austria
Thomas Morgenstern
Andreas Kofler
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Martin Koch
 Norway
Rune Velta
Anders Fannemel
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Anders Bardal
 Germany
Maximilian Mechler
Severin Freund
Andreas Wank
Richard Freitag
18 March 2012   HS215 WC Austria Martin Koch Switzerland Simon Ammann Slovenia Robert Kranjec
22 March 2013   HS215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Slovenia Peter Prevc Poland Piotr Żyła
23 March 2013   HS215 WC-T  Slovenia
Jurij Tepeš
Peter Prevc
Andraž Pograjc
Robert Kranjec
 Norway
Rune Velta
Kim René Elverum Sorsell
Anders Bardal
Andreas Stjernen
 Austria
Wolfgang Loitzl
Stefan Kraft
Martin Koch
Gregor Schlierenzauer
24 March 2013   HS215 WC Slovenia Jurij Tepeš Norway Rune Velta Slovenia Peter Prevc
20 March 2015   HS225 WC Slovenia Peter Prevc Slovenia Jurij Tepeš Austria Stefan Kraft
21 March 2015   HS225 WC-T  Slovenia
Jurij Tepeš
Anže Semenič
Robert Kranjec
Peter Prevc
 Austria
Stefan Kraft
Michael Hayböck
Manuel Poppinger
Gregor Schlierenzauer
 Norway
Johann André Forfang
Kenneth Gangnes
Anders Fannemel
Rune Velta
22 March 2015   HS225 WC Slovenia Jurij Tepeš Slovenia Peter Prevc Norway Rune Velta
17 March 2016   HS225 WC Slovenia Peter Prevc Norway Johann André Forfang Slovenia Robert Kranjec
18 March 2016   HS225 WC Slovenia Robert Kranjec Slovenia Peter Prevc Norway Johann André Forfang
19 March 2016   HS225 WC-T  Norway
Daniel-André Tande
Anders Fannemel
Kenneth Gangnes
Johann André Forfang
 Slovenia
Jurij Tepeš
Anže Semenič
Robert Kranjec
Peter Prevc
 Austria
Stefan Kraft
Manuel Poppinger
Manuel Fettner
Michael Hayböck
20 March 2016   HS225 WC Slovenia Peter Prevc Slovenia Robert Kranjec Norway Johann André Forfang
24 March 2017   HS225 WC Austria Stefan Kraft Germany Andreas Wellinger Germany Markus Eisenbichler
25 March 2017   HS225 WC-T  Norway
Robert Johansson
Johann André Forfang
Anders Fannemel
Andreas Stjernen
 Germany
Markus Eisenbichler
Richard Freitag
Karl Geiger
Andreas Wellinger
 Poland
Piotr Żyła
Dawid Kubacki
Maciej Kot
Kamil Stoch
26 March 2017   HS225 WC Austria Stefan Kraft Germany Andreas Wellinger Japan Noriaki Kasai
23 March 2018   HS240 WC Poland Kamil Stoch Norway Johann André Forfang Austria Stefan Kraft
24 March 2018   HS240 WC-T  Norway
Daniel-André Tande
Andreas Stjernen
Robert Johansson
Johann André Forfang
 Germany
Markus Eisenbichler
Stephan Leyhe
Andreas Wellinger
Richard Freitag
 Slovenia
Domen Prevc
Robert Kranjec
Anže Semenič
Peter Prevc
25 March 2018   HS240 WC Poland Kamil Stoch Austria Stefan Kraft Norway Daniel-André Tande

World records[edit]

Since 1969, a total of 28 official world records has been set at the hill.[6] The longest jump ever at the hill was set by Gregor Schlierenzauer in March 2018 when he reached 253.5 metres (832 ft), but the jump was invalid due to him touching the hill after landing.[7]

Date Athlete Length
21 March 1969 Norway Bjørn Wirkola 156 metres (512 ft)  
21 March 1969 Czechoslovakia Jiří Raška 156 metres (512 ft)  
22 March 1969 Norway Bjørn Wirkola 160 metres (520 ft)  
22 March 1969 Czechoslovakia Jiří Raška 164 metres (538 ft)  
23 March 1969 East Germany Manfred Wolf 165 metres (541 ft)  
15 March 1974 Switzerland Walter Steiner 169 metres (554 ft)  
16 March 1979 East Germany Klaus Ostwald 176 metres (577 ft)  
15 March 1985 United States Mike Holland 186 metres (610 ft)  
15 March 1985 Finland Matti Nykänen 187 metres (614 ft)  
15 March 1985 Finland Matti Nykänen 191 metres (627 ft)  
14 March 1987 Poland Piotr Fijas 194 metres (636 ft)  
17 March 1994 Austria Martin Höllwarth 196 metres (643 ft)  
17 March 1994 Finland Toni Nieminen 203 metres (666 ft)  
18 March 1994 Norway Espen Bredesen 209 metres (686 ft)  
Date Athlete Length
22 March 1997 Norway Espen Bredesen 210 metres (690 ft)  
22 March 1997 Norway Lasse Ottesen 212 metres (696 ft)  
19 March 1999 Germany Martin Schmitt 214.5 metres (704 ft)  
20 March 1999 Norway Tommy Ingebrigtsen 219.5 metres (720 ft)  
16 March 2000 Austria Thomas Hörl 224.5 metres (737 ft)  
18 March 2000 Austria Andreas Goldberger 225 metres (738 ft)  
20 March 2003 Poland Adam Małysz 225 metres (738 ft)  
20 March 2003 Finland Matti Hautamäki 227.5 metres (746 ft)  
22 March 2003 Finland Matti Hautamäki 228.5 metres (750 ft)  
23 March 2003 Finland Matti Hautamäki 231 metres (758 ft)  
20 March 2005 Norway Tommy Ingebrigtsen 231 metres (758 ft)  
20 March 2005 Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren 234.5 metres (769 ft)  
20 March 2005 Finland Matti Hautamäki 235.5 metres (773 ft)  
20 March 2005 Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren 239 metres (784 ft)  

Technical data[edit]

Specifications:[8][9]

  • K-point – 200 m
  • hillsize – 240 m
  • inrun angle – 35.1°
  • inrun length – 133.8 m
  • takeoff table height – 2.93 m
  • landing zone angle – 30.6° to 35.6°
  • takeoff table to bottom height – 135 m

In popular culture[edit]

In 1974, the Letalnica bratov Gorišek appeared as the main location in The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner, a German film directed by Werner Herzog which portrayed Swiss ski jumper Walter Steiner who works as a carpenter for his full-time occupation.[10]

In 1997, the landscape painting of the flying hill, drawn by Vinko Bogataj, appeared at the end of the footage on the American ABC's Wide World of Sports show presented by Brent Musburger. Clip shows an interview with Vinko Bogataj about his agony of defeat.[11]

In 2014, an image of the flying hill was portrayed at the American The Queen Latifah Show hosted by Queen Latifah. Image was used in the background at the parody sketch "Norwegian Sven Nordquist, the oldest ski jumper in Sochi".[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The New Planica Nordic Centre". slovenia.si. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  2. ^ "planica zipline". planica-zipline.si. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  3. ^ A.G. (9 June 2016). "Planici SP v poletih, ne pa tudi v nordijskih disciplinah" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  4. ^ "New world record this year in Planica?" (PDF) (in Slovenian). dolenjski list. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Thomas Hoerl set world record". mopo. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  6. ^ Da. B. (15 March 2016). "Kdo in kdaj je pod Poncami podrl rekord?" (in Slovenian). Zurnal24. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  7. ^ R. K (22 March 2018). "Video: Schlieri podrsal pri 253,5 m; na tekmo 10 Slovencev" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Iz 24UR: Velikanka čaka letalce" (in Slovenian). POP TV. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  9. ^ "Svetovna velikanka čaka le še na skakalce" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  10. ^ "The Great Ecstasy of the Woodcarver Steiner - Werner Herzog". Werner Herzog Filmproduktion. Retrieved 26 Jan 2012.
  11. ^ "Vinko Bogataj interview and his landscape painting of the flying hill shown at the end of the footage". ABC. Retrieved 30 Mar 2015.
  12. ^ "Photo of the flying hill in the background of the comedy sketch of The Queen Latifah Show". The Queen Latifah Show. Retrieved 2 Mar 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°28′35″N 13°43′16″E / 46.47639°N 13.72111°E / 46.47639; 13.72111