Lethocerus deyrollei

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Lethocerus deyrollei
Lethocerus deyrollei.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Family: Belostomatidae
Genus: Lethocerus
Species: L. deyrollei
Binomial name
Lethocerus deyrollei
Vuillefroy, 1864
Synonyms

Kirkaldyia deyrollei (Vuillefroy, 1864)

Lethocerus deyrollei is a species of giant water bug (family Belostomatidae) that traditionally is included in the genus Lethocerus, although recent authorities places it in the Kirkaldyia.[1] They are large (4.8–6.5 cm or 1.9–2.6 in long), predatory and nocturnal insects. They are one of the best known giant water bugs and are found in Japan, Korea, east China, east Indochina and the Amur region of Russia.[1] They are very common in much of their range,[1] but have declined drastically in some regions and are considered threatened in Japan.[2][3] They live in still waters with vegetation, hatching in the summer months and then overwintering half a year later as adults.[4] They primarily feed on small fish, amphibians and aquatic insects, but have also been recorded taking water snakes and young turtles.[5][6]

The eggs of this species are laid out of water, generally on vegetation. Males exhibit parental care by keeping eggs damp. This is achieved by climbing up to the egg mass and having the water drip off their bodies onto the eggs. Eggs that are not kept damp in this way fail to hatch.

Infanticide behaviour[edit]

Females of the species are known to destroy eggs guarded by males (ovicide, a form of infanticide), which secures care for their future offspring.[4] It appears that a "counterstrategy" has evolved in males, which spend a much greater time with the eggs than is necessary to keep them wet. Most of the water is deposited on eggs within 90 seconds, but males have been reported to stay with eggs much longer than that. This is because males which stay with the egg mass cannot be detected by females.[4] Brooding males will also attack female intruders, being successful in defending their eggs about one third of the time, though some are seriously injured in doing this.[7] Males will only put up a fight as eggs are first being destroyed, and have been witnessed to abruptly cease defending their eggs and begin copulating with the encroaching female.[7]

Infanticide has also been recorded in another insect, the burying beetle Nicrophorus orbicollis.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c P. J. Perez-Goodwyn (2006). Taxonomic revision of the subfamily Lethocerinae Lauck & Menke (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae)". Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. A (Biologie) 695: 1–71.
  2. ^ Hirai, T.; and Hidaka, K. (2002). Anuran-dependent predation by the giant water bug, Lethocerus deyrollei (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae), in rice fields of Japan. Ecological Research 17(6): 655-661.
  3. ^ Ohba, S. (2007). Notes on predators and their effect on the survivorship of the endangered giant water bug, Kirkaldyia (= Lethocerus) deyrolli (Heteroptera, Belostomatidae), in Japanese rice fields. Hydrobiologia 583(1): 377-381.
  4. ^ a b c Ichikawa, N. (1995) Male counterstrategy against infanticide of the female giant water bug Lethocerus deyrollei (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 8:181-186.
  5. ^ Ohba, S.; Izumi, Y.; and Tsumuki, H. (2012). Effect of loach consumption on the reproduction of giant water bug Kirkaldyia deyrolli: dietary selection, reproductive performance, and nutritional evaluation. Journal of Insect Conservation 16(6): 829-838.
  6. ^ BBC News (26 May 2011). Giant water bug photographed devouring baby turtle. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  7. ^ a b Ichikawa, N. (1991), Egg mass destroying and guarding behaviour of the giant water bug Lethocerus deyrollei Vuillefroy (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae). Journal of Ethology 9: 25-29.
  8. ^ Trumbo, S. T. (1990). Reproductive benefits of infanticide in a biparental burying beetle Nicrophorus orbicollis. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 27: 269-273.