Lettering includes calligraphy and lettering for purposes such as blueprints and comic books, as well as decorative lettering such as sign painting and creating custom lettering graphics, for instance on posters, for a letterhead or business wordmark, lettering in stone or graffiti. Lettering may be drawn or applied using stencils.
In the past, almost all decorative lettering other than that on paper was created as custom or hand-painted lettering; the use of fonts in place of lettering has increased due to new printing methods and phototypesetting and digital typesetting, which allow fonts to be printed at any desired size.
- Leslie Cabarga (15 February 2004). Logo, Font & Lettering Bible. Adams Media. pp. 6–9. ISBN 1-58180-436-9.
- Jan Middendorp (2004). Dutch Type. 010 Publishers. pp. 260–272. ISBN 978-90-6450-460-0.
- Mosley, James. "English Vernacular". Typefoundry (blog). Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Shinn, Nick. "The Golden Age of Hand Lettering in American Advertising". Type Culture. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Callingham, James (1871). Sign Writing and Glass Embossing.
- Pool, Albert-Jan. "FF DIN: Digital Block Letters" (PDF). FontShop. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Mosley, James. "Lettres à jour: public stencil lettering in France". Type Foundry (blog). Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Simonson, Mark. "Not a font". Mark Simonson Studio (blog). Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Coles, Stephen. "Lettering is not type". Type Network.
- Johnson, Alastair. "The Misery of Edwin Drood". Booktryst. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
Many textbooks on lettering or books of example alphabets were published in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
- A Textbook on Lettering and Sign Painting (International Correspondence Schools, 1902)
- Modern painting, hardwood finishing and sign writing (1914)
- Writing & Illuminating & Lettering by Edward Johnston (1917)
- Muster-Alphabete : verschiedener Schriftarten in den neuesten Formen (1880)