In non-consequentialist ethical thought, there is a moral distinction between killing and letting die. Whereas killing involves intervention, letting die involves withholding care.
Also in medical ethics there is a moral distinction between euthanasia and letting die. Legally, patients often have a right to reject life-sustaining care, in areas that do not permit euthanasia.
- Bennett Jonathan (1993) Negation and abstention: two theories of allowing In B Steinbock and A Norcross (eds) KUling and Letting Die, pp 230-56 New York: Fordham University Press.