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The Leubingen Tumulus is an early bronze age royal grave of the Leubingen culture, (which, after further finds at Auntjetitz became known as Auntjetitz or Unetice culture), dating to about 1940 BC, located near the hills of Kyffhäuser in the Leubingen district in the eastern German state of Thuringia. A burial chamber, the site was first unearthed in 1877 by art professor, archaeologist Friedrich Klopfleisch (1831–1898). This is the grave of a member of an elite individual based on the rich contents of the burial chamber as well as the presence of metal in the funerary gifts. Excavations on the site in 2011 have revealed the remains of one of the largest buildings in prehistoric Germany, with 470 square meters (5,057 square feet) of floor space, a trove of bronze objects, and a cemetery of 44 farmers.
This grave consists of a Burial Chamber roughly the form of a hut/house of the time. It has a saddle-shaped roof made out of heavy oak beams covered in stones with an earthen burial mound on top of the structure. The mound is 7 metres (23 ft) high and contains a burial chamber of 3.90 by 2.10 metres (12.8 by 6.9 ft) with a maximum height of 1.70 metres (5.6 ft).
Contents of the Grave
In a central position lay the body of a man about 50 years old, draped over his loins at an angle of ca. 40° lies the body of a young woman who was seemingly killed right after the death of the man.
- Aside his right shoulder:
- An open bracelet
- Two pins
- Two rings
- A spiral made out of gold.
- At his feet:
- A stone battle-hammer which was pierced
- A rectangular stone (anvil?)
- Two bronze edge-axes (axe with elevated edges to prevent it from moving too much on the handle it was attached to)
- Three bronze chisels
- Three bronze daggerblades which were placed in leather and oak bark scabbards.
- Also found there was the blade of a stapled halberd (Stabdolch).
- In a corner of the Burial Chamber stood a big ceramic pot, with brown and black decorations, with little ears on the shoulder.
Between the 8th and 11th century AD, the local (nowadays Slavic) community placed a gravefield (cemetery) of about 70 graves in and around this manmade hill.
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