Leucanthemum vulgare, the ox-eye daisy or oxeye daisy, is a widespread flowering plant native to Europe and the temperate regions of Asia and an introduced plant to North America, Australia and New Zealand. It is one of a number of family Asteraceae plants to be called a "daisy", and has the vernacular names common daisy, dog daisy, moon daisy and ox-eye daisy.
L. vulgare blooms from late spring to autumn. The small flower head, not larger than 5 centimetres (2.0 in), consists of about 20 white ray florets that surround a yellow disc, growing on the end of 1 to 3 ft (30 to 91 cm) tall stems. The plant produces an abundant number of flat seeds, without pappus, that remain viable in the soil for 2 to 3 years. It also spreads vegetatively by rhizomes.
Capitulum of L. vulgare from below, showing the involucral bracts.
Leucanthemum vulgare is widely cultivated and available as a perennial flowering ornamental plant for gardens and designed meadow landscapes. It thrives in a wide range of conditions and can grow in sun to partial shade, and prefers damp soils. There are cultivars, such as 'May Queen' which begins blooming in early spring.
Leucanthemum vulgare became an introduced species via gardens into natural areas in parts of the Canada, United States, Australia, and New Zealand, where it is now a common weed. In some habitats it is an invasive species forming dense colonies displacing native plants and modifying existing communities, and is classified as a noxious weed.
It is difficult to control or eradicate, since a new plant can regenerate from rhizome fragments and is a problem in pastures where beef and dairy cattle graze, as usually they will not eat it, thus enabling it to spread.
Ox-eye daisy is a host for several viral diseases affecting crops.
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 5 December 2014.
- T. Dickinson, D. Metsger, J. Bull & R. Dickinson (2004). ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario. Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum. p. 175.
- "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
- "Ox-Eye Daisy - Chrysanthemum leucanthemum". cirrusimage.com.
- "Ox-eye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) - Information on Ox-eye Daisy - Encyclopedia of Life". Encyclopedia of Life.
- "Forbes Wild Food". wildfoods.ca.
- "Plants Profile for Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)". usda.gov.
- "UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for LEUCANTHEMUM vulgare". berkeley.edu.
- Lynette A. Gordon (1999). "Compositae dermatitis". Australasian Journal of Dermatology 40 (3): 123–130. doi:10.1046/j.1440-0960.1999.00341.x. PMID 10439521.
- Bellis perennis -
- Buphthalmum salicifolium – yellow ox-eye daisy
- Argyranthemum frutescens – marguerite daisy
|Wikiversity has bloom time data for Leucanthemum vulgare on the Bloom Clock|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leucanthemum vulgare.|